Emerging Video Surveillance Guide 2009

Author: John Honovich, Published on Oct 09, 2009

This directory examines the benefits and risks of emerging video surveillance technologies for security managers and integrators. Special emphasis is placed on identifying the risks. They are regularly ignored yet critical to success of deploying emerging technologies.

Manufacturers Generally Assume Maturity

Manufacturer marketing generally assumes the emerging technology is already mature - thus focusing on all the potential benefits and little of the technological and operational risk involved. Whether this is driven by hope, ignore or malice is debatable. What is clear is that this assumption is dangerous for security managers and integrators.

Risks are Rarely Disclosed

The burden is regularly placed on end users and integrators to determine risks, which is inefficient and of questionable ethics.

Such risks generally falls in 3 types:

  • Technological risk: that is, the product simply does not work at a basic level. For instance, video analytics faces far higher technology risk than IP cameras.
  • Usability/Integration risk: that is, the product has issues working with existing systems or processes of an organization. For example, many end users have video recorders that do not support IP cameras.
  • Cost: Generally the most obvious of the risks, manufacturers often downplay the costs involved and use best case scenarios in their cost comparisons.

Emerging Technologies

This directory examines ten emerging technologies. We define emerging technologies as those that are deployed by less than 20% of security users. The risks involved vary significantly amongst these technologies.

  • IP Cameras
  • Megapixel Cameras
  • IP Based Storage (NAS/SAN)
  • Storage On-Board IP Cameras
  • Mesh Wireless Networks
  • Panoramic Cameras
  • Video Analytics
  • Business Intelligence
  • Remote Video Monitoring
  • Managed Video / Hosted Video Surveillance
  • Physical Security Information Management
This directory is meant as a survey of key risks for the non-expert. Inside the directory, 19 other IP Video Market reports are referenced for further information and analysis on these technologies.

**** ********* ******** *** ******** *** ***** ** ******** ***** surveillance ************ *** ******** ******** *** ***********. ******* ******** ** placed ** *********** *** *****. **** *** ********* ******* *** critical ** ******* ** ********* ******** ************.

Manufacturers ********* ****** ********

************ ********* ********* ******* *** ******** ********** ** ******* ****** - **** ******** ** *** *** ********* ******** *** ****** of *** ************* *** *********** **** ********. ******* **** ** driven ** ****, ****** ** ****** ** *********. **** ** clear ** **** **** ********** ** ********* *** ******** ******** and ***********.

Risks *** ****** *********

*** ****** ** ********* ****** ** *** ***** *** *********** to ********* *****, ***** ** *********** *** ** ************ ******.

**** ***** ********* ***** ** * *****:

  • ************* ****: **** **, *** ******* ****** **** *** **** at * ***** *****. *** ********, ***** ********* ***** *** higher ********** **** **** ** *******.
  • *********/*********** ****: **** **, *** ******* *** ****** ******* **** existing ******* ** ********* ** ** ************. *** *******, **** end ***** **** ***** ********* **** ** *** ******* ** cameras.
  • ****: ********* *** **** ******* ** *** *****, ************* ***** downplay *** ***** ******** *** *** **** **** ********* ** their **** ***********.

Emerging ************

**** ********* ******** *** ******** ************. ** ****** ******** ************ as ***** **** *** ******** ** **** **** **% ** security *****. *** ***** ******** **** ************* ******* ***** ************.

  • ** *******
  • ********* *******
  • ** ***** ******* (***/***)
  • ******* **-***** ** *******
  • **** ******** ********
  • ********* *******
  • ***** *********
  • ******** ************
  • ****** ***** **********
  • ******* ***** / ****** ***** ************
  • ******** ******** *********** **********
**** ********* ** ***** ** * ****** ** *** ***** for *** ***-******. ****** *** *********, ** ***** ** ***** Market ******* *** ********** *** ******* *********** *** ******** ** these ************.

[***************]

IP ******* (******** **********)

********* ********: *** **** ********* ********* ** ***** ** ******* is *** ******* ** ******** ******* ***** ******* ** ** IP ** ******** *******. ** ********, ****** ******* ******* *** use ** ** ********** ******** (******* ****** ** ******* ** DVR). ** ******* *********, ***** ** ******** *** ************* ****** the **** ** ************. ** *******, *** ******* *** ******** that ***** ***** ** ** ***********, *** **** ****** ** cameras **** ** **********.

****** ******* ** *****, ****** ********* ******** ** * ******* of ** *******, ** ****** *** ** ********* ******** ** today's ****. ******* *** **** ****** ******* *** **** ** IP *******, ***** *** ***** ** ****** ******** **** **** minor ********* ***********.

****: ** ******* ******* **** **%-**% **** **** ********** ****** cameras. ***** ***** *** ***** **** **** ***-*** ** ****** scale ******* ** **** ******* **** ****** ***** **** ***** distances.

  • ***-**** *****: ***** *** ********** ** ****** ******, *** **** risk **** ** ***********/*********** ******. **** #* ** **** ******** recorders ** *** ******* ** ******* ** **** ******** * very ******* ****** ** ** *******. **** #* ** **** the ******** ** ******* ** ***'* ******** ** ************ ** handle *** ** ******* (****** **** **** ** ****** **** to ******** ** **** **********). *** ******* ** ********** ***** risks, **** *** ***** *********** **** ****** ** **.
  • ********** *****: **** ** ********* ****** ** ** **********'* ******** staff ** *** ********* **** ** ********* ** *******. **** traditional ********** ******** *******, ** ********** *** **** ** ********** to **** **** * ** * ****** ******* ** *********** (out ** * ***** ** ** - **). *******, **** IP *******, * *** ******* ********** **** ******* ** ****** to ******* ***** ************/******* **********.

Megapixel *******

********* ********: *** *** **** *********** ******** *** (*) ******** the ****** ** ******* ******** *** (*) ********** *** ******* of *** *****, ******* ** ******* *************** ** ********/*********. **** benefits ****** **** *** ************* ****** ********** ** ********* ******* (compared ** *** ****** ******* *** ******** ********** ** *******.)

****** *** ********* **********, ** ********* ** * ****** ** IP *******, *** ******** *** ***** ** ********* ******* ******** those **** ** *******.

  • ***-**** *****: *** *** ******* ***** *** (*) ********* ****** to ********* ***** ******* *** (*) ******* ***********. ***** ******* will ***** **** ********* ******* ******* *, ** ** **** 81 ***** ******* **********. ***** **** ** '***********' ******* **** comparing ********* ***** *****, **** ** ********* *** ********** ******* of * ********* *******. (*) ******** ******* *** ** ****** in ********* ********* ***** *** ********* ******'* ******* ********** **** covers * ****** **** (***** **'* * ****** ******** ******). Often, **** ** '********' *** * ***** ****. (*) ******* at ***** ****** (*.*., *.*** *** ******** ********** **. ***) is ************* **********. **** ********* ******* ******* **** ****** ********* in ******* ******* - ********** **** ***. (*) ** *** light **********, *** ********* ******* ********** ***** ************ - ** the ***** ***** * ********* ***** ******* ******** ** ******* visible ******* **** * ******** ********** ******. ************, ********* ******* generally ******* ************* **** *******. ** **** *****, **** ** simply * ****** ** ****** *** ********** **** ** *******. However, *** ********** ******* ****** *** ** ** ***** **** a ********* ******* ******* *** **** ** ** **** (*** IP ***** ******* *****).
  • ********** *****: ****-******* *** ******* ** ********* ******* ** *** most *********** ****. ** ** ****** **** *** **** ** megapixel ******* **** ** ***** ** ****** ******** *** ***** number ** ******* ** *** ********* ******** ******* (*.*., ******'* face ** ***'* ******* ******). *********** ****** ** ******* ***** testing ****** ****** *********** ********* *** ***** *********, ** **********.

IP ***** ******* (***)

********* ********: *********** ***** ************ *********** ******* ***** ********** ******** and **** ****** ****** * ****** ********* (******* * ***). In ****** *******, **** *** ******* ** ******** ** **** drives ****** ** ****** ** ****. **** *** ** ********* to ******, *********** *** ********* ** *******. ****, **** ***** do *** ******* ********** *** *******.

** ***** ******* ******** *********** ******* ******** **** ***** *****-** redundancy *** ****** *********. **** ***** ******** ********* ************ ***** from *** ******** ** *** ******* *******. **** **** ******* wasted ******* ** *** ***** ** '******' ** * ******* repository.

****: *** ****** ******* (** *** ** ****), ** ***** storage ** ***** ******* **** ******* ****** ** ****. *******, the ******* ***** *** ********** * *** ***** **** ** significantly **** ********* ****** ****** ** ***** **** ***** ****** a ***. *** ********, **** ******* ***** ** $*,*** ***, far **** **** *** *********** **** ** ****** * *** hard ****** ****** **** ** ****.

  • ***-**** *****: ******* **** ** ***** ***. **** **** ** not ******* ******** ******* (******* ** * ******** ****** ****** than * ********* ***********) ** **** ****** ** *******. ***** a *** **** ** ****** **** ** ******* ** ******** DVRs (*********** *** ****** ** *** ***** *******) *** ** a *******. ************, ** ** ********* *** ******** ** *** a *** ** ***** ***** **** ****** *******/********. **** ** due ** ******* *** ****** ********* ********** ********** (*** *********).
  • ********** *****: ******* ** * *** (********* ** *** ******) can ** ************* **** *********** **** ******* **-***** ****. ** least * ****** ** ***** ****** ** ******* ** ********** and *********** *** ***.

Storage **-***** ** *******

********* ********: **** ****** ********* **** ******* ** ********** *********. In ***** *********, ******** **** ***** *** ** ******** *** recorded ******** *** ** ********* (** ****** *** ********). ******* storage ****** ** ** ** ****** *** ********* **** *******. Of ******, **** ******* ********** **** ** ****** ** ******** view/download ****** *****. *******, **** **** **** **** ** ** done ************.

****: ***** ******* ***** ***** ************,***** *** **** ** **-***** storage ** *** ****** **** ********* ******* ***** ** **** drives. ********, *** **** ***** ************ ************, ** ** ****** not ******** ** ****** ***** ***** **-***** ** ******* ** it ** *** *********** ******** (**** *** ********* ** * vendors ********** **** ****** ****** ** ******** ** ***** *******).

  • ***-**** *****: ***** **-***** ******* *** ***** *********** ** *** length ** ******* ** *** ******* ** ******* (******* ** limitations ** *** **** ***** *** ** ****** ****** *** camera). ************, **** *** ******* ** *** ******* ****** ******** of ***** ******** ** ** ** ******. **** ***** **** it ********* ** ****** *** *** **** *****.
  • ********** *****: ** *** **-***** ******* ****** ** ******** ******** using *** ******** *** ********, *** ********** *** ** ****** for ********** ******* *****. **** ******* **** ******* * ********** physically ****** *** **-***** ******* ***** ****** **** ******* *********** raw ***** *****.

Mesh ******** ********

********* ********: ***** ************ ** ***** ****** ** ***** **** are ****** **** *********, **** ** ** ******* **** *** along **********. ******* ******* ******* *** ** **** *********** ********* expensive *** ********** *********.

** ******** ******* ***** * **** **** *********** ** ******** video ** ***** ****. **** ******** ******* (* *********** **** of ** ********) ***** ***** ** ** *********** ****** ****** distances *** ****** ***** ** ************ (**** *****, *****, ***.).

*****: ******** ** **** ******** ***** ****, **** ******** ** generally ************* **** *********. **** ** ***** $*,*** *** *** wireless ****, ******** ** *** **** ********* **** ****** *** form ** ********* ****** ***** ** ********.

  • ***-**** *****: ******* ** *** ********* ********, ********* ******** ******* for ***** ************ ******* *********** *********. ** *** ***** ** not ****** *********** ***********, *********** ****** *** *****. ************, ***** exist ** *** **** **** *********** ** *** ****** (** environmental ** ***** ******* *** ******* ***********). ** ** ********** that ********* ****** *** **** **** *********** ** *** ****** or ***** ******* ****** ***** *****.
  • ********** *****: ********* ******** ***** ************ ******** *** ** *** single **** ********* ********* **** ** *** ** ***** ************ (even ****** **** ***** *********). ******** ******* ********* ********* ** both ** ******** *** ******** *******. ***********, ******** ******* *** be ******** ** ******** ******* **** ** *** ******* *** nearby ******** ***** (******* **** ******* *** ******* ****). *** specific ***** ***: (*) ******* **** ** *** ******* ** much ********* ** *** ********** ***** *** ******** *** (*) ongoing ********* ******** **** *** ****** **** ****** ********* ******* calls.

Panoramic *******

********* ********: ** ***** **** ***** ***** ******** * ** 4 *******, ****** ******* *********** ******** ******* *** **** ***** a ***** **** ** ******* ** * ******** (*** ** lens *** ********** ************).

********* ******* ********* ******* ********* ********** *** ***** **** ***** lenses ** ******* *** ****** ******** **** * ****** ******** camera.

****: ***** * ****** ********* ****** ***** **** **** * single ***** *********** ****** (***** * -* ***** ****), *** savings **** ********* ******** *********** ******* ******* ********* *** ********** cost.

  • ***-**** *****: *** *** *** ***** *** (*) ****** ******* achieved *** (*) *********** **** ***'* ******** ******. ******* ***** cameras ***** **** * ***** ****, *** ********** ** *** camera ** ****** ****. ** ****, *** ********* ***** ******* of ***** ******* *** ***** ***** **** * *********** ***** camera **** * ******** **** ***** ****. ***** ****** ** aware ** **** *** **** *** ****** ** *** ***** desired ***** ** ******* ** ****** **** ****** ********** ** sufficient. ********, ********* ******* *** *** ********* ** **** *** systems *** ***** ** ** **************** ******* ********* ******* ** panoramic *******/******. ** *** ***** ******* *** ***** *** *** of * *********** ** (** *****) ******* *** ** *** systems.
  • ********** *****: *********** ********** ** *** ******* ****. ** *********** do *** *** ********* ************ ** ******** ***** *******, *** users ***** ******** ** ****** *** *******.

Video *********

********* ********: ***** ********* *** ***** *** ******** **** **** benefit *** ***** ************.

** *********** ******** ** **** ****, ***** ********* *** **** stop ****** ** ********. **** *** ** ************ ******* * variety ** ***** ** ********* ********* ******** ** ****** ** restricted *****, ******** ********** ** ********* *** ** ******** ****** of ****.

** ********** ****** **** * ****** ** ****, ***** ********* can **** ***** ************** *** ******* *********** ** ******. *** instance, ********* ******* ***** ******* ** ***** *** ** ******** by ********* **** ***** ***** ****** *** *******.

*****: *** ****** **** ** ****** ***** ******** ******** ** moderately ********* *****. *** *** ****** ******* ** ** ******* no **** **** $*** *** *** ****** (*** **** *******) and ***** **** ***** $*** ***. *** ***** ** ******** the ******** *** ****** *** ********* ** ******* *** ** significantly **** *********.

  • ***-**** *****: *** ******* **** ** *** ***** ** **** the ***** ********* ****** ** ********* ** ********* ************ **** because ** *********** ***********. ************, *** ***** *** **** **** adjustments **** **** ** ** **** ** ****** *********** ** lighting *** ** *********** ** ************ **********. ***********, *** ***** must ********* **** ***** ** ***** ****** **** **** ******* and ******* ** *** **** *** ****** ****.
  • ********** *****: ***** ********* **** **** ** **** ******** ************ can **** ******** ************ *** ********* ******** *************. *********** ****** be **** ******* ** ******* ***** ********* *** ******* *********** expectations **** *** *****.

Remote ***** **********

********* ********: ****** *** ************ ***** ** *** ********* **** on-site (***** ********** ******* ****** ********* *** *******). *** **** organizations, ** ** **** ** *********** ******* ********* ** ***** surveillance ***** ************ (*** ***** **** ** ***** **** * operator ******** ******** ** *******).

****** ***** ********** ** * ******* **** ****** * ***** party ** ***** **** ************ *****. ******* *** ***** ***** monitors * ***** ****** ** *********, **** *** ***** ***** costs **** ** *** *** ** ********. *** '**** *****' of ****** ***** ********** ** ** *** ***** ********* ** identify *** **** ****** *******, ********** *** ************* ** *** monitoring.

****: ***** *** **** ******* ** *** **** *** ********* of **********, *** **** ** ****** ****** *** **** **** staffing ***'* *** ******. ** ****, **** **** ** ****** a ******* ** *** *** ** ****** ***** **********.

  • ***-**** *****: *** ***** **** ***** *** (*) *** ************* of *** ***** ********* **** *** (*) *** ****** *******'* support ** ** ************'* ******** ***** ************ ****** *** (*) information ******** ***** ** ******** ****** ******. *** ***** ****, on ***** *********, *** **** ********* ** *** ********* *******. The ****** **** ** * *** ********* *****. ***** ******, most ****** ********** ****** ** *** **** **** ** ************'* existing *********/*******. **** ********* ******** *** ******** ** ********** ******** and, ** **** *****, ********* ******** *******. *******, ********* ******* provide *** ****** ** ***** ******** ******* *** *** ****** monitors ** ********* * ********* ******* (**** * ********* ***** modem/DSL ****). *** ***** *** ** ******* ** ****** ***** the ****** ***** *** * *********** ******* *** (********** ** this ** ** ** **** ****** ******** *********** *********).
  • ********** *****: ******* ** *** ******* **** ** ***** *********, the ********* **** ** ****** ********** **** ** ** ***.

Managed ***** / ****** ***** ************

********* ********: ******* *** ****** ***** *** ****** *** **** and ********** ** ********* ***** ************ ******* ** *********** **** of *** **-**** *****. ****** *****, ** **********, **** ********** the ********** ** * ***** ******** **-**** (******* *** ***** directly **** *** ****** ** *** ****** ***** *******).

*****: **** ****** ***** ********* ****** $** *** - $** USD *** *****. *** **** **** * *** ******* *** site, *** ********* **** **** * * **** ****** *** be ************* ****** **** ********** * ***/********.

  • ***-**** *****: *** ********* ***** **** ** ** *** (** this ** **** ** * *** ******** ***** **** * radical *** **********). **** ** *********** ***********, *******/****** ***** ********* generally ***** **** ***** *************** (*.*. **** ** **** ***** analytics ** *** ***** ***********). *** **** **** ***** ** losing *************** **** *** ** ********* *** ***'* *********. **** a ******/********* *********, ****** ************* *** ** ********* ***** *** security **** ** ********* ***** **** ** ***** ***'* **** or ******** *****.
  • ********** *****: *** ******** ***** ** *** **** ******** *******. While ***** ******** *** ******* ********** ********* *******, *** ********** designed **** ***** ******** ******* *** ***** *** **** *** security ***********. ******, ** ** ****** **** *** **** ********** managed/hosted ***** ********* **** *** *** *** ******** ******* ********** as * *********** *********.

Physical ******** *********** **********

********* ********: ***** ************* ***** *** ******** ******** ******* (*.*., access *******, ********* *********, ****, ***.). ************, **** ************* *** multiple ******* *** **** ******** ******* (*** ********, **** **** Pelco *** ********* ******). *** ******* ** ********* ***** ******* products **** * ****** ********** ***** ** *********.

***********, ********** ******** ******* *** ***** *** ********* *** ******* security ******** (*.*., ************ **********, ******** ********, ******* *******, ***.)

**** ******* *** ******** ** ******* **** ** ***** ********. PSIM ** * ******** ****** **** ********** ******* ******** *******, providing * ******* ***** *** ** ********** *********. **** **********: PSIM ******* ********* **** ******** ** ********* ** ******, *** more ********* **** *** **** ******** *** ***** ********** *********** of *********** ***** ***'* ****** ******* ******.

  • ***-**** *****: *** ***** ****** ** ******* **** *** **** system ***** ******** ***** ******** ******** *******. **** **** ****** carefully ******** *** ************ ** ***** *** **** ****** ******** to *** ******** ********** ******* ********. **** ******* ****** ******* PSIM ******* ***** ** *** ******* ******* ********* ** ********** security *******. *** ********, **** ******* ********* ******* ********* ***** by **** *** ***** ** *** ******* ********* ** ****** or ******** *********.
  • ********** *****: ************ *** ******** **** ******* *** ** **** time ********* *** **** * **** ** ****-**** ********** ******. Not **** *** **** ******* *** '**** *** ****', **** security ******* *** *** ** *********. ***********, ******* *** ******* may ***** ** *** ******. ***** ******** ***** ********** ** risk *** **** ******** *** ******** ******* *****.
***** ****:**** ********
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