Door Fundamentals For Electronic Access Control

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Sep 20, 2016

Assuming every door can be secured with either a maglock or an electric strike can be a painful assumption in the field. While those items can be applied flexibly with various openings, there are occasions where certain hardware cannot be used.

A common pitfall is inadequately or inaccurately describing the door resulting in avoidable specification mistakes. In this note, we examine how to properly identify a type of opening using industry terms:

  • Leafs
  • Mullions
  • Frames
  • Lites and Transoms
  • Door Swing

And we examine common door types often used in access control:

  • Steel, Wood, and Glass Doors
  • Automatic Sliding Doors
  • Rollup Overhead Doors
  • Reading Door/Hardware Schedules

******** ***** **** *** ** ******* **** ****** * ******* or ** ******** ****** *** ** * ******* ********** ** the *****. ***** ***** ***** *** ** ******* ******** **** various ********, ***** *** ********* ***** ******* ******** ****** ** used.

* ****** ******* ** ************ ** ************ ********** *** **** resulting ** ********* ************* ********. ** **** ****, ** ******* how ** ******** ******** * **** ** ******* ***** ******** terms:

  • *****
  • ********
  • ******
  • ***** *** ********
  • **** *****

*** ** ******* ****** **** ***** ***** **** ** ****** control:

  • *****, ****, *** ***** *****
  • ********* ******* *****
  • ****** ******** *****
  • ******* ****/******** *********

[***************]

*****

*** '****' ** *** **** ******** **** ** * ****.  A ****** **** ** ***** ****** * '****', ***** * double-doored ******* *** *** '******'. ** ****** *****, ********* *** of *** '*****' ** **** ********** *** ** ****** ** place, ***** *** ***** ****** ******.  **** ** ********* ****** the '****** ****'.

********

********* '******' *** ********* ** * *** **** ******* ********** between **** ****** * '*******'. ****'* ** ******* ** ****** separated ** * *******:

******** *** ** *********** ******* ** **** ** *** ***** assembly ** *** ** * ********* ****, ***** *** ********* locked **** ***** ** ******* ************ ******* (*** ******** *** security ** *** *******).

*** ******* ***** ***** * *** **** ** ******** *** door, ******* ** ******** *** ******* **** *** ********* **** locks ********** ****** ******* ****.  **** ******** *** *** **** of * ****** **** *******, ******** **** **** ****** **** latches **** *** *** ** ****** ***** ** * **** are ****.

******

*** ******** ** "******" ******* ******** **** *** *** '*******':

  • ***** *** ******** *** ****** ********* **** ** ********* ******, although ****** ****** *** ********* ** ***** ** ***** *********.
  • *** '*******' ** *** ***** - ** *** ***** ** which ** *********** ** ***** ********* ** ******* **** *** adjacent **** ** ***** ** ** ********, *** **** ** door ** ** ******** ** *****, *** ***** ** **** door, *** *** **** ** ****** ** ** ******** ** work ****.

*** ***** ***** ** ** ******* ** *** **** ***** frame ******** (*** ***** ******* *****) **** ** ********** ********:

*** ***** *** ********** ** * *****, ********** *** '****' depth, *** ****** *** **** ***** *** ****** ******* ******* like ******* *** **** ******** ******** *** *********, ** *** ******* ** *** ** ******* **** readers. When ********** ********** ******* ** ******* ******* **** ******, **** sure **** ****** **** *** *** ****** *** *** ****** wiring ****** ****** *** *****.

Lites *** ********

‘*****’ *** ‘********’ ***** ** *** ****** ** ***** ****** or ******** ** *** **** **** ******. ** ** * common ******* ** **** * ****-****** ***** ********* ********* ** entry ****. ***** ******** *** ********* ** **** *** ** the ******* **** *** ******* ****** ******* ******** **** **** runs ** *** ******** ******* ** ***** **** ********.

****'* ** *******:

Door *****

*** ********* * **** ****** *** ******* ****** **** ******** selection. ***** *** **** ***** **** * **** *** *****, and ******* *** ** ******** ******** ** ** ******** **** designing ****** ******* ******* *** ******** **** ********.

******** *** ********** ** **** ***** ***** ** **** ******** ways:

  • ***** ****
  • **** ****
  • ***** **** *******
  • **** **** *******

*** *********** ** ***** ***** *** **** ********* **** ********. The ****** ***** **** *** **** *****:

********** **** ***** ********, *** ****** **** ***** *** ** a ****** ******* ****** *** ** ******** ************ ** * security **** *** ** ******* ***** ******.  *** ****, *** our **** ***** ****** ****.

Type ** *****

** *******, **** **** ** ***** ** ********** *** ************ of *** **** *** *** ******* ******* ** *** ******* (ie ** ***** **** *****, ***.).

*** *******, ******** *** ******** ******* * **** ****** *** the ***** ** * **** **** * **** ****. **** the ***** ** *** **** **** ** ******* *** *** card ****** ** **** ***** ***** ******** * ****? ***** a **** ****** ******* ** *** **** ***** ****** ** with * ****** **** ***** **** *** ******* ****** ** use?

* ***-***** *********** ** ********* ****** *** ****** *** ************ phases ** ************ ** ****** ******* ******, ********** ** *** the ****** ******* ****** ******* *** ********* ** *** ****.

Steel *****

** *** ********** ************* ******, '******-**** ***** *****' *** '***** frames' *** * ******** *******. **** ****** ********** ***** **** into **** ********; *** ******** *** ********* *********** ** ** - ** ***** ***** ******** *** **** ***, ******, *** welded **** **********. ‘****** ****’ ********* * ***** ***** **** a ***** *********** ** *********** ********* ****.

****'* ** ******* ** * ***** ****:

***** ***** ******* * **** ***** ****** ** **** * variety ** ******** ******** ****. *******, **** **** *** ********* hanging *** ********* ** ********* ***** ** ******** *** ****** the **** *** ****** ** * ************ ************ *******. *** example, **** **** **** ******** *** ******* **** '****-*****' *** not **** ******* *******.

***** * ***** **** ****** *** ******** ******* ***********, **** can ****** ** ******* *********** ** ********** ******* *** ****** control *******. ** *** ****** ** ** ******* ** ** open **** * **** ****, **** **** **** ** ******** mechanical ****** (** - ************ **** ******) ******** **** ******.

Wood *****

'**** ******', ** '***** **** ****' ***** *** **** **** common, ********** ** ************* *** ********* *********. *** **** ** self-explanatory; ******* ** * ******-**** ***** ****, *** ******** ** wood ** **** ****** ** **** ** *** *****. ***** types ** ***** *** ***** ******** ********* ** ***** ******.

******* ******** ******** **** ******** ** **** ***** *** ********* be ***********. *** **** *** ***** ******** ********** ********* ** damage **** **** ******* *** **** *****-**** *** *** ****** door ****** **** '****' ********* ** ************* ********* **** **** and ********. ******* ** ****, ******* **** ****** ** ***** to ***** ******** ** **** ** **** ****** ******** *******, i.e. - * **** *************** **** ** ********.

Glass *****

***** *****, ********* ******** ** *********** ** ******** ***** ‘*********’, are **** ****** ** *************** *********** ******** **** *********** ** main ******* **** ******** **********. ***** ***** ** ***** ******* present ******** *********** ** ******** *************, *** *** ** *** thin *****, ** *********, ******* ***** ***** **** **** ** taken ** ****** *** *********** ** ******** *** *********** ** hardware ** **** **********.

***** ***** ** ***** *** ********** ****** ** ****** ** the ***** ** ********** **********. ***** *****, *** ***** **** be *** ****** ************* ** *********** *** ***** **** ******** and ******. ****** **** *** ***** *** ****** ** ***** doors ** ********** **** ****** **** ******** **** ******* **** them.  *** ***** ***** *** ****** ******* *** **** ** **** ***** ********* *****.

*************** ***** *** **** ******** **** ** ***** ***** ****** than *******. * ******* ** ******* ******* *** ****: ***** doors *** **** ******* ****** *** ******* *** **** ********** to ******** **** *************** *****, *** ** ** ********* ** 'hide' *** ****** ** **** * *** **** ** ************* pleasing.

Automatic ******* *****

******* **** ** ********** ******* ******** *** **** ****** ********** are ******* *****, ***** ** ******** ***** **** ****** ********* rather **** ***** **** ** ** ***. ** **** *******, these ***** ** ***** *** ********, **********, *** ********* ** specialty ******* *********** ******** *** **** ********* ******* ********* *** ****, *** *********** **** with ****** ***** ******** * ***** ****** **** ***** *********.

******* ** *** ********** ** *********** ***** *****, ******** ****** like ***** **** ** ****** ********** ****** **** **** ***** be ******** **** ****** **** ********** **************. 

Overhead/Rollup *****

*******, *********** ******** ***** *** ******** ********* ** ********** ****** for ******* ** ******* **** ************. ** **** ***** *** door ******** **** ****** **** * **** * ******** ** the ****** ** *** ******** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** *** *******:

******* *** ****** ** *** **** ** *** * ******** type, *** *********** ** ******** ********** (**: **** ******** ********) require *********** ******** ********* **** ***** ********. *** *** ****** types *** ********* ********* ** *****, *** **** *** ************ bolt ***** ** ******, ***** ***** ********* ***** *** ******* logic *********** ****** ** ****** ***** *** ******** ****** ******* actions *** *********.

Reading ****/******** *********

*** ******** ****** ** ********** ****, *****, *** **** ******* is **** *** ********* **** *** **** ** ******* ****.  Usually ** * **** ******** ** '***%' *** ** **********, a ***** ******* * ***** ** **** ******* *** ********* views ** ********.

** **** *****, ***** * ******** *** ******* ******** ** individual ********, **** * *** ***** ***** *** **** *** repeated **********. *** **** ******** ** *** ** *********** *** *** **** and ***** ***** *** **** ********** **** ** ********** ****** system.

*** ******* ******** ***** ***** ******** ******* *** **** *** basic ***** ** ******* **** ** ******* ****** ** * building: 

Comments (7)

***** **** ******** ******** ** ****** ******* ************ *****. * would ** ********** ** *********.

** *** **** *** ******** ** ********* ** *******? ** biggest ******* ** ********** *** ***** ******** **** *** ***** keyway :-(.

***** *** * ******* ** ****** *******, *** ******** ** less ****** ****. ***** *** ****** ******* *** **** ******** in ***.

****, **** ******* *** * *** ***** *** **** *** 6 ****, *** ************* *** ****** ***** **** *** **** you **** - **** * *** ****** ***.

**'** ** * ***** ******* ** ****, *** ** ***** may *** ***** **** ******* ***% ** *** ****. :(

**** ******* **** * ******** ** *** ******* **** ******? Or ** **** **** **** ******** ** * ********* ****** the *****?

**** ***'* **** * ********, **** * ******** ****** *****. There *** **** ********* ****** ********* *** ***** (**:******* ******* '***' ****).

*** **** ******* *** **** * ****** ******** ** *** niche ** * ******* ** ******** *******:

*. ******* ******* *** **** ** ******** ** ******* ******* providers - ** *** **** *** **** ** **** *** get ******* ** *****.

*. ******* *** *** **** ** ******* ******* ** * nationwide *****, *** ***** ** *********.

*. ******* *** * *****, *** ****** ***********, *** ****** the ***** ***** ** **** '******** ****' *** **** '**** guys' *** **********. ******* ********** ***** *** ******* ********* ** fairly *******.

** ****** ******* ***** *** *** *******, ******* *** ******* a ********** ***** *** ********** ** ************ ******* ***** *** hardware **** *********** *** ** ******** ** ***** *** ***** techs.

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