Door Closers Access Control Tutorial

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Oct 24, 2016

Door Closers have an important job: automatically shut doors when they are opened, because an open door cannot control access.

In this note, we review Door Closers, examine how they are selected, and how to avoid misusing them:

  • Why closers are important for access control
  • Why using closers as barricade locks is often illegal
  • Applications other than security where closers help
  • What normal closer operation should look like
  • The 3 standard movement phases and configuring locks for them
  • How to properly size closers
  • Typical closer pricing

Finally, the 6 question quiz at the end will test your knowledge.

**** ******* **** ** ********* ***: ************* **** ***** **** they *** ******, ******* ** **** **** ****** ******* ******.

** **** ****, ** ****** **** *******, ******* *** **** are ********, *** *** ** ***** ******** ****:

  • *** ******* *** ********* *** ****** *******
  • *** ***** ******* ** ********* ***** ** ***** *******
  • ************ ***** **** ******** ***** ******* ****
  • **** ****** ****** ********* ****** **** ****
  • *** * ******** ******** ****** *** *********** ***** *** ****
  • *** ** ******** **** *******
  • ******* ****** *******

*******, *** * ******** **** ** *** *** **** **** your *********.

[***************]

Crucial ******** ****

******* ******* * *********** ****** *******: ***** **** ** ****** before **** *** ** ******.

****** ****** *** ** *** ***** ** ******* ***** **** behind ****, ***** ** ** ********* ** ** ****** ****** these ******* *** ****. ***** ***** ****** ******* ******** ******* unauthorised ****** *** ** ***** **** ** *** ******, ** open **** ****** ****** ** ******** ** *** ****** ** assets ******.

******: ******* *** ******** ** **** ***** ****** ***** **** so ********* *** ************* **** *****, ********** *** **** ** an **** **** ******** ****** **** ****** **** ** ****.

Illegal *** ** ********* *****

* ****** ***** ** ********* ********* ***** ******** *** ***** a ***** ****** **** **** **** *** ******'* **** **** closed, ********** ******* ******* ** *** **** **** *** **** in *****. ***** ******* **** ** ********* **** *** **** closed, *** **** **** ******* ******** ** ******** **** ******* in ******** **** ******:

*******, ***** ******* *** ***** ******* ******* **** **** ******** occupants ****** ********** ***** **** **** ***** ** *******. **** local *********** **** ******* ***** **** ******* ********* ****** ** a ******, *********** ******.

*** ***** **** *** **** ** ***** ***** *********** ** International ******** **** (****) ****.*.* **** ******:

"****** ** ************ ********* ** **** ******* ****** ***** ***** be ******* ******** **** *** ****** **** ******* *** *** of * *** ** ******* ********* ** ******."

****** ****: *** ***** ** ******** **** ******** **** **** guarantee ******, *** ****** ********* ***** *** ***** *** ********** lives ** **** ** ******* **** ****. ** ******* ****** barricade ***** ******* *********** ****** **** ***********.

Other ******* *** ********** **** *******

*******, ******** ** *** *** **** ******* ******* *******. **** are ***** ******** **** * ******** *** ***** *******, *********:

  • **** **********: ******* *** ******** ******** *** ********** ************ **** ******** keeping ***** ******. ** ***** ************* ***************** ****** **** ***** ******/****** ** ** ******** ********* *****, door ******* *** **** ** **** *** ***** ********.
  • ***** *********: ********, * ****** **** ****** **** ***** *********. ******* help **** ***** ***** ***** ** ******* ***** ****.
  • **** **********: **** ** **** ******** ** '******** ********' ** ***** to *******************, ******* **************** ** * **** ****** ** ******** *** ******** ** do**'****.*** ******** **** **** ******* ************* **** ******************* ** *********, ********* ********* ** *** **** *****.

Hydraulic ******* *** **** *******

**** ****** ******* *** * '*********' (*** ******) *** **** are ******* ******* ** *** ******* **** ** *** ****. In ***** ** ******* ******** ******, ******* **** '******' ***** different ****** *** ******* ***** ** *** **** ** ****.

** *** *** *****, * ********* ****** ******** *** ***** different ****** ** ******* ** *** ***** ********:

*** ********** ** ***** ********* *** ***** *** ********* ** the ********* *******.

Standard ******** *********

*** ***** ******* ****** *** ***** ** *** ***-**** **** image *****:

  1. **** *****:**** ***** ** ******* ** ** '****-******' **** ****** *** door ** **** *****, **** ****** ** *******, ** **** wide ***** *** **** *******. *** **** ***** ***** ********* places *** ****** ** * ********** ************ *** ******** **** directional ***** ** * ******** ************, ******* ******** *** **** or *** ******.
  2. *****:**** ** *** '*******' ***** ** *** ******, **** ****** the **** ******. * ******* ** *************** ****, ****** ********* ******** ******* / ***** ************ **** ***** **** *******.
  3. *****:*** ****, **** ****** ***** *** ** *** **** *********: 'latching' ***** *** ***** ****** **** *** ***** *** ******** much **** ****** *** ***** ** *** ************ **** ***** can ***************. ******* ** * **** ******** **** *** ******** *** the *****, *** ***** ***** ** * ********** *****.

**** ** *** '*****' *****, ***** ****** ** ******** ** accommodate *** ******* ****** ** ****** ***** ** ******, *** while *** ******* ********* ** * ***** *** **** ** seconds, *** '*****' ***** ***** *** ******* *** * - 7 ******* ******* **** ****** * *** ******.

Timing ********** ******** *** ****** *******

*********** *** ****** *******, ****** ********** ******* ********* **** ******** screws **** ***** ****** ** **** ****** **** **** *** tightened ** ********. *** ***** ******** *** ****** ** ********** points ****, *** **** ********* *** ***** ** *** ********* of *** **** *** *** ** ******** **** ***** ******** hex **** ***************:

* ****** ** ******** ******** **** ***** ** ** ******** and ******** ******** ******** ** *** ********* *****. ******* ******** ten ** ******* ******* ********* * ****** ***** ***** ** five ***** ** *** ** ******, *** ** *** ** critical *** ******* *** **** ** **** **** ********** ****** control ********.

Other ******** ****** *****

***** ********* ******* *** *** **** ******, ***** *** **** different ***** **** ** * ****** ** ************:

  • *****************: **** ******** **** **** ******* (******* **** **** ***** open), *******-********** ******* *** ***** **** **** ****************** **** **** ******* ** ** *********** ****.
  • **** *********/*********: ***** ************* ****** *** ********** ******, ******* **** *** be ****** ****** *****, ******, ** ******/****** *** ***** ****. Unlike ***** *****, ***** *** ***** ******* *** ********* ** the ******* *** *** *** ** ***** *********** ***************************.
  • **********: ** ********* ** ***********-********* ************, ********* ******* *** *** be *********. ***** ******** ** ********** ********, ***-******* ******* (***** with ************ ********** *****) *** **** ** ********* *** **** of ***-***** *****.

Sizes ***** ** ****** **** ****** *** **** *****

**** ****** **** **** *** ******* ********** *** **** *******, however ********* **** ** ****** **** *** ** ****** ******. Additionally, ********** *** ******* ** ***** ********** ***** ** ** left **** *** ******* ** ****** ** ********** *****.

*** ****** ********** ******** *********** ******** *****, ****** *** ******* type ** ****** *** *** **** *** **** ********* ** is ******** ******* *** ***** *********** *** ******** *** *******. The ***** ***** ****** **** ******* ***:

*** ***** **** ** *** ** ********* ******* ****** ******** ** *** ********* ********** ** *** *******. ** *******, Regular ** *** **** ***** *** **** ****** *** *** their **** ******* *** ********** *********. ** **** ****, ******** Arm ***** *** **** ** **** ** *** **** ***** is *** **** **".

*** ******** ** *** ****** ** ********** ** ******** '****', also ****** '****** ****' ******* **** ******** ** ***-******, ********** hydraulic *****. ** *******, *** ******* *** '****' ******, *** stronger *** ********** ****** *** **** ** **** ******* **** the *******:

***** ***** ********* *** ***** ***** *** ******, ******** *** closers *** ***** *** ************ **** ** ***** ***** ***** than **", *** ***** ****** ***** **** **** ********** ******** must ** ****.

Closer ****

** **** *****, *******/*** **** ********** ********* ******* ****** ** installed *** ****** *******, *** ***** ***** *** *** ********, too *********** ********, ** *** ********** ** ** *********** ** existing *****.

*** **** *** **** ** ********* ** *** **** ********, but ********** **** *** ** **** **** ***** *****, *** units *** ** ******* *** *** ******** *******, *** *** most ****** **** ****** ***** #* ** #* **** *****, pricing **** **** $*** - $*** **** ******** ************.

*** **** *****, ******* ***** #* - #*, *** **** is ~$***. *** **** **** ** ********** ***** ********, ***** can ** ****** ~$*,*** ** **** *** ********* ******** ** install *** ****** *** ** ********.

**** **********, **** ******, ***** ****, *** ******** **** *** hour *** **** * *** **** ** ********* *** ***** unit. **** ****** ************* ******* * ************* ***** ** **** zero ** ** *** *********** ****.

Quiz ********

**** *** *** ************ ******* *** ****** ******* *******.

[******: **** ******** *** ********** ********* ** **** *** ************* revised ** ****]

Comments (3)

...modern adjustable closers typically have multiple screws that tweak timing or free travel when they are tightened or loosened.

A sadistic janitor in our high school was quite the “expert” when it came to adjusting the settings to what could be best described as “accelerated slamming” on the steel doors leading into the school. These doors would be locked promptly at 7:55AM.

Recalcitrant truants and other miscreants wishing to avoid the dreaded “yellow slip”, needed to lay in wait for the occasional egresser to clear the doorway and then fling themselves headlong into the shrinking breach of custodial design, or more dangerously try to catch the edge of the door with ones fingers. We were often unscathed. Often...

Are there any guideline aside from bounce avoidance, that pertain to how fast the door can safely close, to avoid injury? Maybe the ADA?

ADA says if the door has a closer, it needs to take at least 3 seconds to close.

ADA also says interior doors are opened with 5 or less pounds of force.

For doors at accessible, exterior entrances the opening force is not specified in the ADAAG. Please refer to your state building code. I think WA state says exterior doors are opened with 8.5 or less pounds of force.

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