Door Fundamentals For Access Control Guide

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Sep 12, 2018

Assuming every door can be secured with either a maglock or an electric strike can be a painful assumption in the field. While those items can be applied flexibly with various openings, there are occasions where certain hardware cannot be used.

A common pitfall is inadequately or inaccurately describing the door resulting in avoidable specification mistakes. In this note, we examine how to properly identify a type of opening using industry terms:

  • Leafs
  • Mullions
  • Frames
  • Lites and Transoms
  • Door Swing

And we examine common door types often used in access control:

  • Steel, Wood, and Glass Doors
  • Automatic Sliding Doors
  • Rollup Overhead Doors
  • Reading Door/Hardware Schedules

Common Door Components

While door sizes, shapes, and appearance may vary, commercial door openings typically contain the same features, elements, and pieces.

Basic door anatomy looks like this:

Below sections clarify individual elements called out above.

******** ***** **** *** ** ******* **** ****** * ******* or ** ******** ****** *** ** * ******* ********** ** the *****. ***** ***** ***** *** ** ******* ******** **** various ********, ***** *** ********* ***** ******* ******** ****** ** used.

* ****** ******* ** ************ ** ************ ********** *** **** resulting ** ********* ************* ********. ** **** ****, ** ******* how ** ******** ******** * **** ** ******* ***** ******** terms:

  • *****
  • ********
  • ******
  • ***** *** ********
  • **** *****

*** ** ******* ****** **** ***** ***** **** ** ****** control:

  • *****, ****, *** ***** *****
  • ********* ******* *****
  • ****** ******** *****
  • ******* ****/******** *********

Common **** **********

***** **** *****, ******, *** ********** *** ****, ********** **** openings ********* ******* *** **** ********, ********, *** ******.

***** **** ******* ***** **** ****:

***** ******** ******* ********** ******** ****** *** *****.

[***************]

*****

*** '****' ** *** **** ******** **** ** * ****. A ****** **** ** ***** ****** * '****', ***** * double-doored ******* *** *** '******'. ** ****** *****, ********* *** of *** '*****' ** **** ********** *** ** ****** ** place, ***** *** ***** ****** ******. **** ** ********* ****** the '****** ****'.

********

********* '******' *** ********* ** * *** **** ******* ********** between **** ****** * '*******'. ******** *** ** *********** ******* as **** ** *** ***** ******** ** *** ** * removable ****, ***** *** ********* ****** **** ***** ** ******* unauthorized ******* (*** ******** *** ******** ** *** *******).

*** ******* ***** ***** * *** **** ** ******** *** door, ******* ** ******** *** ******* **** *** ********* **** locks ********** ****** ******* ****. **** ******** *** *** **** of * ****** **** *******, ******** **** **** ****** **** latches **** *** *** ** ****** ***** ** * **** are ****.

******

*** ******** ** "******" ******* ******** **** *** *** '*******':

  • ***** *** ******** *** ****** ********* **** ** ********* ******, although ****** ****** *** ********* ** ***** ** ***** *********.
  • *** '*******' ** *** ***** - ** *** ***** ** which ** *********** ** ***** ********* ** ******* **** *** adjacent **** ** ***** ** ** ********, *** **** ** door ** ** ******** ** *****, *** ***** ** **** door, *** *** **** ** ****** ** ** ******** ** work ****.

*** ***** ***** ** ** ******* ** *** **** ***** frame ******** **** ** ********** ********:

*** ***** ******* *** ****** *** **** ** **** **** to ****** *** ****, ********** ** *** ***** ******* **** not ****** ****** ********* ** ****** ** ***** *** **** within *** *****, ** ** ****** ************ *******.

**** ********** ***** *** * '****** ******' ***** *******, ******** most ********* **** *** '****** ******' *** '****** ******' ****** sporadically.

**** ** * ****** **** ** ******** ***** ******* ******** and *** *** **** *** ********** ** **** ******** ************:

*** ***** *** ********** ** * *****, ********** *** '****' depth, *** ****** *** **** ***** *** ****** ******* ******* like************** ******** *********** *********, ** *** ******* ** *** ** ******* **** readers. **** ********** ********** ******* ** ******* ******* **** ******, make **** **** ****** **** *** *** ****** *** *** device ****** ****** ****** *** *****.

Exit *******

**** ****** '***** ****' ** '***** ****', ***** ********** ***** the **** ** ** ***** **** ** ******* ** *** mechanical ***** ***. **** **** ** **** ** *** ** the **** ****** **** ******** ** ********* **** ****** *******, and ***** *** ** ***** ********* *********** ********* *****.

*** ****, *** ******* ******* *** ****** ******* ************ ***** ** **-***** **** ** *** *********.

Lites *** ********

‘*****’ *** ‘********’ ***** ** *** ****** ** ***** ****** or ******** ** *** **** **** ******. ** ** * common ******* ** **** * ****-****** ***** ********* ********* ** entry ****. ***** ******** *** ********* ** **** *** ** the ******* **** *** ******* ****** ******* ******** **** **** runs ** *** ******** ******* ** ***** **** ********.

****'* ** *******:

[***************]

Door *****

*** ********* * **** ****** *** ******* ****** **** ******** selection. ***** *** **** ***** **** * **** *** *****, and ******* *** ** ******** ******** ** ** ******** **** designing ****** ******* ******* *** ******** **** ********.

******** *** ********** ** **** ***** ***** ** **** ******** ways:

  • ***** ****
  • **** ****
  • ***** **** *******
  • **** **** *******

*** *********** ** ***** ***** *** **** ********* **** ********. The ****** ***** **** *** **** *****:

********** **** ***** ********, *** ****** **** ***** *** ** a ****** ******* ****** *** ** ******** ************ ** * security **** *** ** ******* ***** ******. *** ****, *** our**** ***** ************.

Type ** *****

** *******, **** **** ** ***** ** ********** *** ************ of *** **** *** *** ******* ******* ** *** ******* (ie ** ***** **** *****, ***.).

*** *******, ******** *** ******** ******* * **** ****** *** the ***** ** * **** **** * **** ****. **** the ***** ** *** **** **** ** ******* *** *** card ****** ** **** ***** ***** ******** * ****? ***** a **** ****** ******* ** *** **** ***** ****** ** with * ****** **** ***** **** *** ******* ****** ** use?

* ***-***** *********** ** ********* ****** *** ****** *** ************ phases ** ************ ** ****** ******* ******, ********** ** *** the ****** ******* ****** ******* *** ********* ** *** ****.

Steel *****

** *** ********** ************* ******, '******-**** ***** *****' *** '***** frames' *** * ******** *******. **** ****** ********** ***** **** into **** ********; *** ******** *** ********* *********** ** ** - ** ***** ***** ******** *** **** ***, ******, *** welded **** **********. ‘****** ****’ ********* * ***** ***** **** a ***** *********** ** *********** ********* ****.

****'* ** ******* ** * ***** ****:

***** ***** ******* * **** ***** ****** ** **** * variety ** ******** ******** ****. *******, **** **** *** ********* hanging *** ********* ** ********* ***** ** ******** *** ****** the **** *** ****** ** * ************ ************ *******. *** example, **** **** **** ******** *** ******* **** '****-*****' *** not **** ******* *******.

***** * ***** **** ****** *** ******** ******* ***********, **** can ****** ** ******* *********** ** ********** ******* *** ****** control *******. ** *** ****** ** ** ******* ** ** open **** * **** ****, **** **** **** ** ******** mechanical ****** (** - ************ **** ******) ******** **** ******.

Wood *****

'**** ******', ** '***** **** ****' ***** *** **** **** common, ********** ** ************* *** ********* *********. *** **** ** self-explanatory; ******* ** * ******-**** ***** ****, *** ******** ** wood ** **** ****** ** **** ** *** *****. ***** types ** ***** *** ***** ******** ********* ** ***** ******.

******* ******** ******** **** ******** ** **** ***** *** ********* be ***********. *** **** *** ***** ******** ********** ********* ** damage **** **** ******* *** **** *****-**** *** *** ****** door ****** **** '****' ********* ** ************* ********* **** **** and ********. ******* ** ****, ******* **** ****** ** ***** to ***** ******** ** **** ** **** ****** ******** *******, i.e. - * **** *************** **** ** ********.

Glass *****

***** *****, ********* ******** ** *********** ** ******** ***** ‘*********’, are **** ****** ** *************** *********** ******** **** *********** ** main ******* **** ******** **********. ***** ***** ** ***** ******* present ******** *********** ** ******** *************, *** *** ** *** thin *****, ** *********, ******* ***** ***** **** **** ** taken ** ****** *** *********** ** ******** *** *********** ** hardware ** **** **********.

***** ***** ** ***** *** ********** ****** ** ****** ** the ***** ** ********** **********. ***** *****, *** ***** **** be *** ****** ************* ** *********** *** ***** **** ******** and ******. ****** **** *** ***** *** ****** ** ***** doors ** ********** **** ****** **** ******** **** ******* **** them. ******** ***** *** ****** ******* *********** **** ** **** ***** ********* *****.

*************** ***** *** **** ******** **** ** ***** ***** ****** than *******. * ******* ** ******* ******* *** ****: ***** doors *** **** ******* ****** *** ******* *** **** ********** to ******** **** *************** *****, *** ** ** ********* ** 'hide' *** ****** ** **** * *** **** ** ************* pleasing.

Automatic ******* *****

******* **** ** ********** ******* ******** *** **** ****** ********** are ******* *****, ***** ** ******** ***** **** ****** ********* rather **** ***** **** ** ** ***. ** **** *******, these ***** ** ***** *** ********, **********, *** ********* ** specialty ******* *********** *********** **** ********* ******* ********* *** ****, *** *********** **** with ****** ***** ******** * ***** ****** **** ***** *********.

******* ** *** ********** ** *********** ***** *****, ******** ****** like ***** **** ** ****** ********** ****** **** **** ***** be ******** **** ****** **** ********** **************.

Overhead/Rollup *****

*******, *********** ******** ***** *** ******** ********* ** ********** ****** for ******* ** ******* **** ************. ** **** *****, *** door ******** **** ****** **** * **** * ******** ** the ****** ** *** ******** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** *** *******:

******* *** ****** ** *** **** ** *** * ******** type, *** *********** ** ******** ********** (**: **** ******** ********) require *********** ******** ********* **** ***** ********. *** *** ****** types *** ********* ********* ** *****, *** **** *** ************ bolt ***** ** ******, ***** ***** ********* ***** *** ******* logic *********** ****** ** ****** ***** *** ******** ****** ******* actions *** *********.

Reading ****/******** *********

*** ******** ****** ** ********** ****, *****, *** **** ******* are **** *** ********* **** *** **** ** ******* ****. Usually, ** * **** ******** ** '***%' *** ** **********, a ***** ******* * ***** ** **** ******* *** ********* views ** ********.

*** '********' ** ********* * ***********-***** ********* ** *** **** details, ********** ********** ** ******* *** ****** ***** ** * set ** **********. ** ******* ********* ** *** **** ******** looks **** ****:

**** **** ********* ****** ******* ******* **** '******** ***', ***** typically ******** **** *******, *** ** ********* ****** **** * note. ************ ** ******* ***** * ****'* **** ******** ** the **** ******, *** ***** *** ******* *****-******** ******** **** sheets *** *****.

*** ****** ******** **** ***** ***** ***** *** *** ****** spreadsheet **** ** ***** ** * ********* *****, ***** **** with ************* ********* ********* ***** ** *** ****** ***** ** the ********:

*** ************* *** ******* *** ******** *** ************ (**** ***********), but *** **** ****** ** *** ***** **** ** ******** is *** ***-******* ******** ***********, ** *********** ******* **** ** a ****** *****.

Comments (5)

**** *******. **** ******** ************ ** ******** *** ********* ******* of *** ************ *** ********. ****** * **** ******** *** from *** **** ******** *********** ** *********, * *** ** plans **** **** #*, *** **** ******** ******** *** ******** in ******* *** ******* ******* ***** *** ***** ** ********* for *** ********** ***********. ** **** ******** **** ******** *** each **** ** **** **** ******* *** ******** ******** ********. It *** **** ****** ** ** ****** ************ **** ******** (Elect. ******* *** ******** ***********, **********, *** ******).

*** ****** **** ** ******* ***** **** ******** **** **** the ************* ** **** ** ** ****** ************.

**** ****** .... ** ******* **** ** **** ** *** following ***** **** ***** **** ****** ** *** ********** *********** (before **'* *** ****!):

*. ****** **** **** *** ***** ************ ** *** ***** provided ** *** **** ********** ***** *** ****** ******* ******, i.e. ****** **** ** *** ***** ***** *** *** ***** that *** **** ** ***. **** ** **** **** ** a ******* **** ** **** ** ** ***** **** ***** are **** *******, *** *** *** ****** *** **** ****** Adams ** *** ***** *** ***** **** ** *** **** laid ***** ** ***** ****** **** ** ** * *** site ***** ***'** ******* ***-***** **** ******** *** **** **** 12VDC ** **** ****.

*. ******* *** *** *********** **** ********, **** ** ******** REX ******** *** **** ****** *******. *** ***** **** *** end **** ******** ***** *** ******* ***** *** *** ****** sensor ********** ********** ***** *****, ********** ** *** **** ** people ******** **** * **** **** *********** ***** **********? **** we **** **** **** ** ***** *** ********* ** ******* integral *** ******** ** *** *********** ***** ****** **** ******, it *****'* ****** ****** *** **** *** **** ******* ******** the ***** ***** ******/*** *** **** *****'* ******* *** *** option (*** **'* *** **** **** **** ** **********, ** a ******* *** ****** ****** *** ** ** *********). ** like ** ******* ******* **** ********* ***** ***** *** *****, but ** *****;* ****** **** *** **** ***!

*. ******** ** ***/******** ***** ********** ... *** ******** *** special ***** ****** ****** *** *** *** ******* *** ***** fancy ********* **** ******** *** ******* ** ***** **' **** glass ***** *****?! ** ***** **** ** ****** **** *** like * ****, ***** **** *** **** *** ***** ******** (that ********* **** *** **** ** ***) *** ******* ** be ***** ** *** ******* ***** ******** **** *** ***********, the **'* **** ******** ***, ***, ***. **** *** ***** to *** **** ** *** * **** **** *** ***** supplies ****** ** ******** **** *** *****, *****'* ***** * good ****** *** **** ******* **** *** **** **** ****'* know **** ****** ******* ****** *** ***** *********, ** **** didn't ******* *** ***** ******, ***? ******* *** *** ********** can *** **** ***, *** *** ***** * ***** ** emails *** ******** ********* ********** ** ***** ******** ** ******* expansion ****** (*** ****** ***** **** ***'* ** **** *****).

**** ** ** *********** ****. ******.

* **** ****** ** * ****** **** ***** ************ ********/ access ** ******* **** ***** ******. *** ******* ** * classic ********* ***** ******* *** ***********.

*************, ** ** **********, ******* ******* ** *** ** ** other ************ ******* ***** **** ****** ** *** ******. *'** start ********* ****** *******/**** **** ******* *** *********** ** *** what ********** **** *********.

***** *** *** *** *********** ****.

** ***** * ******** **** *** *** ******** **** **** in * ****** **** **** ***** *** ********* ********?

** **** ****, **** *****/****** *** ****** '******'. **** **-********** in *******, ** ***** **** ****** *****, *** ****** ** important ****** ** *********** **** '****' ***** ** ***** ******** for ******.

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