Default Passwords Outlawed in California, US To Follow

Author: Dan Gelinas, Published on Oct 09, 2018

UPDATES

A new California bill aimed at improving security for connected devices has been signed into law. The law takes aim especially at passwords on connected devices and will have a significant impact on camera manufacturers, many of whom are not currently compliant.

IPVM interviewed State Senator Hannah-Beth Jackson, who sponsored the bill and she told IPVM the intent is to change requirements nationally:

We think that given our state’s economic importance, any product designed for the United States market is going to comply with these reasonable security requirements.

In this note, we:

  • Share detailed feedback from our interview with Senator Jackson
  • Examine the language of the law
  • Discuss the goals of the law
  • Look at what the impact on existing cameras deployed is
  • Examine why out of california sales are still liable
  • Discuss what penalties manufacturers face for non-compliance
  • Examine who is and is not compliant
  • Share feedback from companies that are not currently compliant including Arecont, Avigilon And DW
  • Look at the downsides of compliance
  • Examine potential penalties of non-compliance
  • Discuss the national effect this law will have
  • Analyze criticisms of the law

*******

* *** ********** **** ***** ** ********* ******** *** ********* devices *** **** ****** **** ***. *** *** ***** *** especially ** ********* ** ********* ******* *** **** **** * significant ****** ** ****** *************, **** ** **** *** *** currently *********.

**** **************** ******* ******-**** *******, *** ********* *** **** *** *** **** **** *** intent ** ** ****** ************ **********:

** ***** **** ***** *** *****’* ******** **********, *** ******* designed *** *** ****** ****** ****** ** ***** ** ****** with ***** ********** ******** ************.

** **** ****, **:

  • ***** ******** ******** **** *** ********* **** ******* *******
  • ******* *** ******** ** *** ***
  • ******* *** ***** ** *** ***
  • **** ** **** *** ****** ** ******** ******* ******** **
  • ******* *** *** ** ********** ***** *** ***** ******
  • ******* **** ********* ************* **** *** ***-**********
  • ******* *** ** *** ** *** *********
  • ***** ******** **** ********* **** *** *** ********* ********* ********* Arecont, ******** *** **
  • **** ** *** ********* ** **********
  • ******* ********* ********* ** ***-**********
  • ******* *** ******** ****** **** *** **** ****
  • ******* ********** ** *** ***

[***************]

The ******** ** ** ***

****** **** ***, ******** ****** **** ******** **** **’* ********** ******** ********* ****** ****, ** ******** ***** ***** ** ********* **, ****, ********** the ********* ** “********** ******** ********” ** ********* *******:

**** ****, ********* ** ******* *, ****, ************ * ************** * ********* ******, ** ***** ***** *** *******,to ***** *** ****** **** * ********** ******** ******* ** ************ *** *********** ** *** ****** *** ******** ** *** device, *********** ** *** *********** ** *** *******, *******, ** transmit, *** ******** ** ******* *** ****** *** *** *********** contained ******* **** ************ ******, ***********, ***, ************, ** **********, as *********. (******** *****)

*** **** **** **** ** ** *** **** ** * connected ****** *** ** ******** ** * **** ********, **** the “********** ******** *******” *********** **** ** ********* ** ******* either *** ** *** ***** ** *** ******** ************:

(*) ******* ** *** ** *** ************ ** *********** (*), if * ********* ****** ** ******** **** * ***** ***authentication ******* * ***** **** *******, ** ***** ** ****** *reasonable ******** ******* ***** *********** (*) ** ******** *** ********* ************ *** ***:
(*) *** ************* ******** **unique ** **** ****** ************.
(*) *** ****** ******** * ******** ******* ****requires * **** ** ******** * *** ***** ** ************** ****** ****** ** ********* *** ****** *** *** ***** ****. (******** *****)

**** *********** ***** **** ******** *** **** ****** ************* *** do *** ******* * ***** ** *** *** ******-****** ******* logins **** *****/***** **** ***’* **** ** ** *******.**** *** * ********* ** ******* **************** **** *****.

Proposed ***** ** *** ***

**** *********** ******* ******-**** ******* *** ********* ** ***. ** many *****, *** ****-********** ** ****** *********** ****. *******, **** ** ***** ** ************* *** *************** **** *** ***** ****** ******, ********** ********* **** ***** *** ** ****** **** *** letting *** ***** ******. ********* ** *** *******, *** **** was ** ***** ************** ** ************* ** ********* *******:

* ***** ** **** ** ***** ******** ***** ******** ** a *********** ******* **** ** ****** ***** ********* *******. *** bill ************ **** **'* *** ************ *** *** *** ************** to ******. **'* ****** *** ************ *** ** ** *** hook.

***********, ******* ******* **** ******** ** *** **** **** ******* when ** **** **** ** ******* *** *********** ****:

**** **** ********** ***, ****** ****** *********, ** ******* *********** and ** ****** ******* * ** *** ********* ****, ** 2019. *** ******* ** ********* ****, *****, * *** ** companies *****’* **** ******** **** ********, ** ******* **** **** until ******* *, ****, ** ****** ***** ******** ** **** they ****** **** *** ***.

Grandfathered ******** / ********** **** *******

******* ******* **** **** ******* **** ****** *** ************** **** of ******* *, ****, ***** ** *************. *******, **** ******* 1, **** ***** ****** ******** ************ ****** **** **** ***** not ** **** ** ********** ** ** *** ***** ** be ***-*********.

Out ** ********** ***** ***** ******

**** ** * ****** ** ******* ** **********, *** ****** that ** ******* (*.*., ******) ** **** ** ******* ** California, ***** ***** **** ** ******, ********* ** ******* *******:

**'* ***** *** ** ******. ** **'* **** ** ** offered *** **** ** **********, **** **'* ******* ** *** state **** *** ****** ******'* ****** ***** ** *** ************ or ******** ** ******* ****. ** ***** ***** **** **** California ****.

Penalties ** ******** *** *** - ************* ********

*********** ** *** *** ****** ***** ********* **** ******* *********-***** ********* ** ********** *** ***** ***** action ** * ******** ******* *** ***-**********:

*** ******** *******, * **** ********, * ****** *******, ** a ******** ******** ***** **** *** ********* ********* ** ******* this *****.

*** **** *** ****** ** ** ****'* ********* **** ******* Jackson *** **** **** *** ********* ************* *** ***-**********:

** ************* ***'* ******, *****'* *** ********* **** ****'** ** violation ** **********’* **** ********* *** *** ******** **** **** deal **** ***** *** ***'* ****** **** *** **** *** create ** ****** *********** ***********. ** ************* ** **** *** put *** ******** ************** ** **** ** ***** ******, * would ******* **** ****'* ******* ** ** *** ***** *** of ** *********** ****** **** ****** *** ********** ******** ******* or *** ***** ********* ****** ***********.

******:

******* *******'* ****** ********* ** ** *** ** **** **** the ******** ** ********* *** ***-********** *** * ********* *** since ** ****'* **** **** ***. **** *** *** **** penalties ***** *** *** ***** ** ******** *** ******** ******* has ** *** ********:

**’* **** ** ***. ** ***** ** **** ********* ** what *** ************* ****. ** *** *** *** ********* ** non-compliant ******* *** ** ****** * ******* *******, **** ** could ** * ****** ***** *******. ******** **** * **** to * ***************.

US ******** ******

******* **** *********** ***** **** ***** *** ************* *** ** the ****** ** ** ***** ** **** ** *** **** of *** ****** ******. ******* ******* **** *** ***** ******* times ****** ****'* *********:

**** **** ******* ** ********* ******* **** *** **** ** California, *** ***** *** ****** ****** ***** *** *** ********* in *** **** ******, ** ***** *** ****** ** **** bill **** ****** ** **** ****** *** *******. **** **** and *** ******** ** * ******* ** ******. ***********, *** example. *** ****’* **** **’* **** ** ***. **’* **** to ***, ***** *** * ******** ********, *** **’* **** to *** ********* ***** ****** *** ***** ** ******* *** security *********. *** **** ****** *****’* ** ** ***. *** because ********** ** **** * **** ***********, ** ** ********** companies ****** ‘***’* ****** ** **** ***** ******** **** ********** of ***** ** **** *** *******.’ *** * ***** ***** states ******** **** ****** **** ******. ****’* ********* ** **** quite * ***. ** ***** ** ** ********** *** **** other ****** **** ** ** *** **** ** ******* *** norm ... ** ***** **** ***** *** *****’* ******** **********, any ******* ******** *** *** ****** ****** ****** ** ***** to ****** **** ***** ********** ******** ************.

**** ** ******* ********, ********** ** *** **** ******** ***** in *** *.*. **** *****, ** ***** *** **** ********* sense *** *** ************ ** ******* * **********-**** ********* ******* line. ***** ****, *** *******'* ****** **** *** ********* ******* sold ** *** *.*. **** ***** ** **** *** ******* standards ********** ** *** *** ********** *** ***** *****.

******, ** ***** ****** **** ************* ** **** **** ******** globally ******* *** **** *** *********** ** *********** ******** **** of ******** ******** ***** ** *********.

Compliant ** ***-********* *************

**** ** *** ******* ** ****** ************* *** ******* *********, e.g., ****, *****, *****, ******, *********. *******, ******'* ******* ******** ********* *****, **** ** *** ******* ************* *** ***. ***** ** the ****** **** *** ********* ******* *******, ******** *** **.

Non-Compliant *********, *******, ********, **, **** **********

***** ************* *** *** *** ********* ********* **** ** **** plan ** ** ** ****** ****.

******** **** **** *** **** ** ***** *** ** **********:

** **** * ****** ** ******* ***** **** ****** ***** a *** ******** ** ***** *** *** ***** **** ** have * ****** ********. **** ** ********* ******** ** ********** to ****** ********** *** *********.

******* ********, ***** **** **** *** ******* "*****/*****" ***********, ****** Avigilon's **********:

*********, *** ** ******* *** ***** ***** ****** ********* ***** to ****** *** ******* ********* ** *** *********, ******* *** other ********* ******* ** * ****** ********. ** * ********** manufacturer, *** *** *** ****** *** ************** ** ***** **** best ******** ** ******* * ****** ******** **** *** *** user ** *** ************. ** **** **** ** ** **** as ******** *** * **** ** ****** * ****** ******** at ******* ***** (** **** ** ** ** ** ****** a ******** ** *** **** **** *** ********), *** **** this ********* ******** ******* ********* ****** *** *********** ******** ** January *, ****.

*******, ******* ******, ***** ******* ** *** **** * *******-****** default ******** ** *****, **** **** **** **** ** ** compliant ** *** ********:

******* ****** ******* ** *** ********* ****** **** **** ***, which **** *** **** **** ****** ***** ****. ********* *** cameras ****** *** **** ** *** * ******** ** *** camera *** ** ** *** ******* **** ** ** **. We ** **** ** ****** **** **** *** *** ***** to *** ************** ** **** **** * ******** ****** ** all ** *** ******* ********** *******.

** ***** ****** *** ********* **** **** ** ********** ** distribution ** ****** ********* ** ****. *******, **** ********* **** only **** *** ****** ** **** *** ***, ** * lack ** ** ******** ******** ***** ******** ***** ****, ****** such *********' ****** ****** *** ***** ***.

Firmware ******** ** ****** *********

************, ** ****** ** *************** *** **** ************* ** ****** compliant **** ** ******* ******* ***** ** * ******** ******* can ******* *** ******* ******** *** ****** **********. *******, ***** will ** ******* **********.

The ******** ** ********** - *******

*** ** *** ******* ** ******* ********* ** **** ** reduces *** ****** ** ***** *** ****** ***** ********* *****, even ** **** '******', **** *** ****** *** *** ******* password (***** **** ***** ******) *** *** **** **. ** course, **** ************** ********* *** **** ** ******** ********.

*******, **** * ************ ******** ******* **********, *********** ******* ********* significantly ********* ******* ***** *** **********. *** ******** ************* **** taken ** ****** ***** ******** ** ** ********* *********** * side **** **** ****** *** ************ ** ***** *** ***** password. **** *** *** *** *****, *.*.,********* ******** ***** **** ******* * *** ***** ***.

Critics ********

**** ****** ***** ********** ***** **'* * **** ***** ** ******** **** ** what ** ******** ******. *** *** ************* *** *** **** has *** *******.

******** ************* ******** ****** ************* ** *** **** ** *** ********** ******* *********** *** ** ********—******* ** ******* ************* ** *** features, **** ****** ** ******* ************* ** ****** ********:

****** ** ****** **** ****** ***** ******** ******** ** * mistake ******* ************* ****** ** ******** ******** ********, *******. *******, a ****** ****** ***** ** ** ** ****. ********** ************* should ****** ****** *** *** *** ***** ****** ******* ******** if **** *** *** **** ******* **** *** ********** ********* weaknesses. *** ***** ** ******* *** **** ***** **** ** eliminating ******* ********* *** ******* ****** *********.

****** ******** **** **** *** *** ***** **** **** *** follow *** *********** *** ********* *********:

***********, ***** ******* ******** ** *** *** ***** **** *** language *****'* ******* ******* ****** **** *** ***** "********** ******** feature" *****. **** *** ********** ******* **** ********, ***** ********* ******* **********:

** *** ********, ** ***** **** **** *********** ("******** * user ** ******** * *** ***** ** ************** ****** ****** is *******") ** ***** *****.

************** **** ** *** ****** ************* ********** ** *** ******** ******* *** **** *** ****** of *** ******** ******** ***'* ********* ** *** ******** ** the ***:

** ****** **** **** *** ** *** ***** ********** ** determine **** *** ******** ******* ******** **.

OEMs ********?

*******, ************** **** *** **** ****** & ****** ****** ***** *** be * *********** *****-******* *******:

*** ******** ********* ** **** *********** ** ***** ** ******* 1798.91.05, ********** (*):

(*) “************” ***** *** ****** *** ************, ** ********* **** another ****** ** *********** ** *** ******’* ******, ********* ******* that *** **** ** ******* *** **** ** **********. *** the ******** ** **** ***********, * ******** **** ******* ****** to *********** ** *** ******’* ******does *** ******* * ************ ** ******** * ********* ******, **only ** ******** *** ***** * ********* ******. (******** *****)

******:

**** *** ****** **** *** *******'* ****** ***** **** ********* loophole. **** ********* **** ** *** * ******** ***** *** original ********* ************ ** ***** ** *** **** ** ****** before *** ****** ** ***** *******. *** *****-******** ******* ***** not **** *********, *** *** ******** ********* ************ *****.

Poll / ****

Comments (26)

** ** * ***** **** **** *** ** **** ****** a ***. *******, ******* * ******** ** **** ***** ** long *******.

***** ** ** *** ** **** ** **** ** ***** all *** ********* ************* *** **** *** *****. ** ***'* Camera **** ** ***** ** ****** *** ** ***** **** Alibaba **** ******* ********* *** **** **** **** ** *** residential ******, *** ** ****** ***** ** ***** ****? **** if **** ****** ** ********* ******* ***'* ****** ***** ******** or ********* ** ******* *** ******* *********, **** ** ****** to ** ***** ******** ***** *******?

***** ** ******** (*** ************ **** ***** *** ***** ********** focus) *** *** ****** ****** ********* ***** ***, *** ** will ** **** *** **** ** ****** **. *******, ***** DW *** ******* *** ***, ** **** *** *** **** goes. **** ** **** ****** ********* **** *** ** ******* them ** ******, ** ** **'* ***** ** *** ******* insignificant ******** ** ****** ***** ** *** **** ***** ****?

** **** *** **** ********, ** **** **** ******** ** put * ********* ******** ** ***** *** **** **********. ***** needs ** ** * ******** ******* **** * ****, **** UL, ****** ** *** *****, ***. **** ***** ***** ** be *********** ** **** ******** ** *** ******* ***** **** it *****.

***** ** ******** (*** ************ **** ***** *** ***** ********** focus) *** *** ****** ****** ********* ***** ***,

******** ***** ** *** **** *** ***** ******** ******* *** become ********* **** *********.

Image result for you got served gif

********* *** ******** ** **** ** ******* $*********** ** ***** and ******** *** **** **********, *********, *** **** ******** ************. This **** ******* * ******* *** ******* ** *** ***** of **********, *** ***** ** **** ***** * ***-*********** *** each ************ ** **** *** *** ** ** *** ******. ;)

**** *** *** ******* **** *** ******** ** *** **** on ******* ****** **********, ****** **** ******** ** ******* *** constituency **** **** *******.

** * ******* ****, *** *** * ***** **** ** have *** ****** *** ***** ******** ** **** ** *** connect ** *** ****. **** **** **** ** **** **** all ** **** *** ************** ** ***** ** **** *** end **** ** ******** **** **** **. (*.* ** **** method **** ** **** ** *** *** ********** ** *** unit *** ********* *** ******* ********.)

**** ** ***** *** ********** ***** ** **** *** *** mind ***** *** ********.

**** **** ****** ** ***** *** ******** ******** ** **** to ****** ******* ******** ** ********.

********** ***** ** **** ***** *** ******** *** **** ***** hands ***. *** ***** ***** ***** ** ** *** *******/****** state (******, ****, & ******).

**** $$$ ** *** ******* ** ******** ******* *********. *** then, "**** ********* ***** ********"?

*'* ***** *** ******** ********** **** ** *** ** ****** is **** ******* **** ****** * ********** **********. ***** ** very ****** **** ***** **** **** ***** *** *****.

** *** *** * ******* ******* *** * ******* **** manufactures ** *******, *** *** ************** *** ********** ********* **** **** ** ******** **** **** law ** ***********.

** ***'** **** ******** *** ********* **** **** ******* ********* on ******* **** - **** **** - **** ** *** very ******.... *** ****** ** ******** ***** ******:

****** *** ****.

*** ***** *** ***** ** ********** ** ***-**-*** *** **** is ********** *************, *** *** ****** * *********** **** ** ******* *****.

******** ** **** **** ** *** ********, ** '********** *********' falls, ** ***** ******, ******* ** **** *** ** ********* with ********.

******* ** ******-******... "*** * ******* ********, ** ** ****."

*** **** ** **...

********** *** **** **** ** **** *****. *******, *** *** too **** **** ** **** *****....

********* ******** *****, *** *******+ *** ******* **** **** ** on *** ******** ** *** **** *-** ***** **** ***** for ************* ******* ** *** ******. *********' ********* ** ************* of ***** **** *******, ******** *** ***** **** ******* ** infinitesimal. ***** ** * ***** ******* ******* *** *'* *** saying ********** ************ ** *** **** *** ** ******* ******** massive **** ** ****** *** **** **** * ***** ****** on * **************\*******\** *** ******, *** ********* ***** ** ******.

**** ******** **** ** **** ** ****. **'* ****** *****.

[**** ****: *** ******** **** ** **** ** *********** ***,****** ****, *** ******* ********** *****]

********, ***** **** ** **** ************ ** ** **? **** is *** ***** * ***** ** ****** ******** **** ** curious**** ******* ** ************* ****.

***'** **** ** ***** ** *****/******* ****** ** ****.

**** ** ***********.

**** ** ***** * *****, *** ***** '********* *********** ***********', in *******: ******* ************ ********. ** **** **** **'* ****** that *** ******** *** ******* ******** (*******************) ** ******** ** insufficient ********.

**** ******** ** ***** **** ** ******* ****, ** *** already **** **** ****.
** ** *** **** ** **** **** ******. **** ** translated **** *** ** *****.
** **** ********* **** ** *** ******** ** **** *******:*** ** ****.

*** **** ****** *****'* ******* ********* ********. *******, ** **** mandate "**** ********** ** ****** *** *******" (******* **) ****** **** "*** ********** ***** ********* *********** ********* *** organisational ******** ** ****** *** ** ** **** ** *********** that ********** ** ********* ** ********** **** **** **********." (******* **.)

*** "*********** ********* *** ************** ********" *** ***** ******** ******* by *** ****, ***** **** ******* ********** ** "**********" *** "****************." ***** ********* *** **** ** ** *** national-level **** ********** *********** (****) **** *** *** ** *** Netherlands.

** ***** *** **** ****** *** ** "******** ****," ******** isn't ***** ** ***** *** **** * ******** *** ** capable ** ************ *** **** ** ******* **** ******* ********* are *** *******.

***** *** *** ******** *******. **** ** ****.

*********, **** **** *** ********** ******** ****** ***********, *** ******* rules ******* **** ****** *********** ** **********.

********, **** ******** **** **************, *** * ** *** **** a ****** ** **** ** ***. ** ***** ***** ***** is * *** ** ** ****, *** **** ********* *** be ****** ******, *** **** ** ******* **** *** ******** is ********.

*******:

****** ****, **'** ***** **** ******* ****** ***** **: ********* penalties *** **** *** ******** ******** *** *****-******* *******.

*** **** ** *** ***'* **** ** ****** *** **, here *** *** ******* **** *** *****:

******:

******* *******'* ****** ********* ** ** *** ** **** **** the ******** ** ********* *** ***-********** *** * ********* *** since ** ****'* **** **** ***. **** *** *** **** penalties ***** *** *** ***** ** ******** *** ******** ******* has ** *** ********:

**’* **** ** ***. ** ***** ** **** ********* ** what *** ************* ****. ** *** *** *** ********* ** non-compliant ******* *** ** ****** * ******* *******, **** ** could ** * ****** ***** *******. ******** **** * **** to * ***************.

******:

**** *** ****** **** *** *******'* ****** ***** **** ********* loophole. **** ********* **** ** *** * ******** ***** *** original ********* ************ ** ***** ** *** **** ** ****** before *** ****** ** ***** *******. *** *****-******** ******* ***** not **** *********, *** *** ******** ********* ************ *****.

******** **** * **** ** * ***************.

** ***** ***, ********* **** **********, ********* *********, ******** ** Anaheim.

*** ************ **** ** ****** ** ** *** ******* ** sell *** ******* ** **********, **** *** **'* *********?
** **** **** ***** ***, ** *** ************ **** *** have * ******** ******** ** **********, *****'* *** **** ********** can **. ** ***** ***, **** ****** ***** ** ********** sales *** **** *** ** ***** *****.

**** ** ******* *****.

...*** ** ******, ********** ** *** ********* ********** ***** ** this ******* **** **********, ** *** **** ** * **** mine *** ***** **** ***** *** ******** ****** ** ******:other *******.

****'* *** ******** ******* **** ** **'* *** ** **** anyways? *** ***** ****** **** **?

* ***** ***. **** ***** ****** **** ********* **** ******** access ***** **** *** *** *** *********. **** ***** ** easy *** *** *********** **** *** ** *** ****. ** one ******** ****** ** ****** ****, * **** ******** ** installations ** ***********.

* ***** ** ***** ********** ** **** **** ******** ******** practice.

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