China State Media Exposes Illegal Commercial Facial Recognition Use

By Isabella Cheng, Published Mar 22, 2021, 11:01am EDT

There has been increasing debate and scrutiny about facial recognition in the EU and US, and similar issues are emerging in China as the state media (CCTV) recently singled out illegal facial recognition for commercial use.

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In this report, IPVM examines:

  • China state media program exposes illegal facial recognition
  • Focus on facial recognition usage in stores
  • Age, gender, race, emotional state analytics
  • Facial recognition used for "personalized marketing"
  • Lack of consumer consent and data privacy concerns
  • Provider access to client backend concerns
  • Commercial v. public security surveillance
  • Scale of commercial facial recognition
  • Dahua and Hikvision not mentioned
  • Consequences and responses

***** ***** ***** ** Program ******* ******* ********** Facial ***********

******* ********** ****** *********** use ********** ***** *** recently ******* ** * state-run ** ******* **** aired ***** **, ****. Produced *** ***** ** CCTV (***** ******* **********), the*.** ****** ** ****** ********* event ** ***** *********** uncover *** ****** ******** rights ******. *** **** is ****** **** **** on ***** ** ** celebration ******* ******** ****** ***.

**** ****, *** ***** issue ******* ** *** 2-hour **** *** **** of ******* ****** *********** use ** ********** ****** throughout *****.

***** ***** ******* *** released ** ******* ***********.

Focus ** "*******" ********** *** ** ****** ***********

*** ************* ******* *** commercial *** ** ****** recognition, **** ***** ***** explicitly ******* *** ******* "illegal." *** ************* ******* on ****** *********** *** particularly ** ******, ***** consumers' ***** *** ******** each **** **** ***** a ***** *** ****** in * ********, ********* to ****** *** ****** with ********* ***** ******** habits.

* ********** ******* * handful ** ****** ******** stores *** ********* ** Shanghai ** ***********. ** discovered "******* *******" **** were ********* ************ *** facial ***********, ***** ************* capture ********' ***** ** they ***** *** *****, keeping ***** ** *** many ***** *** ******* has ******* *** ***** and ******* **** **** gone ** ***** ****** locations **********.

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***** ******* *** ********* ceiling *******.

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* ****** ***** ******* explained * ******** ** which *** ***** ***** use *** ****** *********** system:

******* * ******** ***** into ***** *. ***** B's ****** **** ***** me **** **** ******** has ******** ******* ***** A ** *** ****. Knowing **** ***********, * can *** ****** ******* for *** * **** approach *** ******** *** quote ****** ** ***.

***** **** ******** *** Kohler *****, *** ******** also ******* *** *** dealerships ** **** *** Shenzhen, ***** *** ****** recognition ******* ********* ******* from *** *******.

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Kohler ****** ** ** ****** ******* ***, ******, **** *********

*** ************* ******** ******'* system, **** * ***** company ******** ******, **** ******** *********** data, **** ** ***, gender, ****, *** ******** the ********* ***** ** the ********. *** ********** visited ** ****** ** Suzhou *** ********* *** face *** ******** ******** times ** *** ******** Kohler ******. *** **** had ******* **** ******** an ** ****** *** system.

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****** *** **********'* ***** with ** ******, * manager ****** ** *** back-end ****** ** ******* installed ** *** ******* Grand ******* ** **** faces ******** ** ****-****. The ********** ******* *** that *** ****** **** analyzes ***, ******, ******* the ****** ***** *******, race, *** ********* *****.

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** ******'* ******* ******* their ********' **** ****** recognition ****:

** *** ***’* **** a **** ***, *** face *********** **** ** definitely **%, *** ******* a **** ** **** to ***, ***** ****** 80%-85%.

******* *** ******** *** CCTV ******* ********* *** the ******* ******* ** this **%. ** ***** of ****-***** *****, ** would ** ********* ** such * **** ***** percentage.

OP ****** ****** ****** *********** *** ************ *********

** ******'******** ********** ****** **** ********* use ***** *** ****** recognition, *** *********** ***** facial *********** *** ******** marketing ******* *********.

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*** ***** **** ***** 2020 **** ****** *********** data *** **** **** "third-party ****" (*******, **********, online, *** ************ ****) for ******** *********.

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******* ***** **** ** Retail's ****** *********** ****** can ******** ********* *** generate * "******** ********" (profile) **** ******** "******** records, *********** *********, ******** preferences, ***." **** ********** helps ***** *********** ***** service.

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*******, **** ** ****** of *** **** **** technology ******** ***** ** it ** ********* ** match ***** ** ******** as ********* **** ** the ****. ** ** possible **** **** **** to ******** ******** ** more ********** ** ***** because ****** ******** **** some ****** ** ***** payment (******/******) ****** ****** card ** ****. ***** payments *********** ********** **** and ******** ** *********** to *** ****** ***** to ***.

** ****** **** *** include ******** ** ****** recognition ************ *** ******** marketing ** *** ******** English *******. ******, *** "smart ******" ********* ****** on *** ******* *** for ****** ******** *** creating **** **** ** understand ******** **** ******* patterns.

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** ******'* ****** ******** system, ********** ** *** website, **** ****** ****** recognition ("********** ******* *** facial *********") *** ***** is ** *******, ****** "multi-dimensional *** **** ********", of **** ******* **** data (******, ***, ***.) would ** **** ***.

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Lack ** ******* *** **** ******* ****** ***** ********

*** **** ******** ***** the ********** *** ** facial *********** ******* ******* lack ** ******* **** the ******** *** **** privacy ******. ********* ** CCTV's *************, ****** *********** systems *** ************ ********* because **** ******* ********* data **** ******. ***** standards (*********** ******** ********** – Personal *********** ******** *************) ******* ***** **** facial ********* *********** ***** in *** ******** ** "personal ********* ***********." *******, the ********** ** ********* biometric **** ** ********* by ***. ************, ***** law ****** ******* ** necessary *** ********* "******** information":

******* ****** *** ***** **** officially *********** ** ******* 1, **** ******* ********** that *** ********** ** personal *********** ******** *** consent ** *** ******* person ** *** ********.

*******, *** ******** ******* 20 ****** *** ******** with ******* ****** *********** systems *** *** ***** asked **** *** ******* to **** *** **** captured ****** ** ******* the ******. *** ****** did *** **** ***** that **** ****** **** were ***** ********. *******, the ******** ********* **** OP ****** *** ***** similar ********* **** *** companies *** ***-***** ** not **** ********* ** ask *** ******* ** they ***** *** *****.

***** **** ***** ****** due ** **** ** consent **** ********** ****** information, *** ************* ******* up *** ****** ** data ******* *** ********. Possible ***** ** ********* data ** ********** ******* now ******* **** ****** use **********, ********** ***** faces, ** ********* *** bank ******** *** *** unlocking ***** ******. ***** one's **** ** *** something ****** ********** (** opposed ** * ********), data ******* ** ************ important ** * ***** of **** ********** ***'* privacy *** ********.

******, *** ******* *********:

****** *********** ** ******** to **** ******’* ***** better, *** **** *** become ****** ****.****** *** *** *** data ** ***** ********* and **** *** ******** opportunities, *** *** ***** circumstances ***** ****** *** unknowing **** **** *** undergoing ****** ***********. ********** cannot ***** **** **********. Only ** ********** *** people's ****** *** ************ ******* ****** *** effectively ***** *** ************ that ********** ****** ** us.

Facial *********** ******** ******* **** ****** ******* ********

******* ******* *******, ***** was *** ******* ** in *** *******, *** that **** ****** *********** provider *** **** ** remote **** *** ******* databases ** ***** *******' systems ** ***** **** the ******* **** ********* in ****-****. *** *******, a ******* **** ** Retail ****** *** ******** what **** *** ***** captured ** ****-**** ** the ******* ***** *******, although *** ************* *** about ******'* *******.

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*** ******* ** ******** also ****** ****** *** reporter *** ******* ****** operating ** ****-**** ** a ******* *****.

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*** ******* ** *** providers ** ** ****** view ***** *******' ******** and ****** **** *** reporter ****** ********* ******* issues, **** ** ********* ******* ****. **** ****** ******* questions ** *** ****** recognition ******** ** ****** showing ********* ****-***, ****-**** data ********** ******* *** knowledge ** *** *****. If **** ******* ** large ** ** *****, it ** **** ********* for *** ********* ** be **** ** **** users' ******* ******* *** secure.

Commercial *. ****** ******** ************

*********** ** ******* ****** recognition *** **** ******* to **** ********** ********* in *** *** **** broadcast, **** ** ******* of ******* *** *** facial *********** ** **** by *** ***** **********. The ********* *** ******** the ****** *********** ******* being ************ **** ****** security ************ *******:

******* *** **********, *** the ******** ** **** are **** ** ******* us *** *** ****** security ********.

****** *********** ** ******** by ********** ********* *** as***************** *****/**** **** ******** show, *** ******** ** Public ******** **** *** facial *********** ******* *** software ** ** ***********. It ** ******* *** the ********** ***** *** own *** ** ****** recognition ** ***** ** data ******* *** ******* laws.

“Hundreds ** ********" ** ***** ********

"******** ** ********" ** faces ** ***** **** been ******** *** *** stored ** *********, ********* to *** * ****** recognition ********** ********* (** ******,*****,********,********) **** *** ********** spoke **. *******, **** is ****** "******** ** millions" ***-****** *****. ** Real **** *** ******** they **** ********* **** of ********* ** ******* for ***** ******* *******. Ulucu **** **** **** installed ******** ** *********, upwards ** * ******* cameras. ******** **** ***** systems *** ** ********* 2,300+ ****** ****** *****.

Dahua *** ********* *** *********

***** *** *********, *** world's * ******* ************ camera *************, **** *** mentioned ** **** *************. While ***** *** ********* are *** **** ******** used ************ ******* ** China, **** *** ********, Dahua *** ********* ** not ********* ******* "***** retail" ************ ** *** level **** ***** ******* and **** *********** ********* do.

Kohler *** *** *********** ******** **** ******* *********

***** *** **** *****, local *********** ********** **** Kohler ********* *** ******* BMW *** *********** **** down ***** ****** *********** cameras *********. *** ********** in *****, ************ * *** ***** Kohler ************ *** ***** ******* said **** *** "******* the ****** **** ****** recognition ******** *********." *******, the ********** *** "******** white ******* ** **** corners ** *** *****," labeled *********.

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********* ******* **** *** mentioned ** *** **** program, *** *** ******** inquired ***** **** ** the ***** *******. *** store ******* ********* **** they **** *** ************ purposes ** ***** *** expensive ******** ** *** store. *******, *** ******** discovered "************** ********* *** camera's ****** *********** ********" online. **** *** ******* Kohler ******* *** ** explanation, *** ******* **** a ******* ***** ****** would ******* *** ********, but *** ******** *** never ********* *********.

******* *************** * *** ************ ***** **, **** and ***** **** *** cameras *** **** ******* and, ** *********, **** "never **** ****":

** ******* *** ****** overnight **** *****. ********, we ********* ** *** more **** * **** and *****'* **** **. We *****'* ********* ******** facial ****.

*** *** ********** ******* that ****** *********** ** only **** *** "******** marketing ********" *** "**** not ***** ***********":

*** ** ***** ********** that **** *********** ** only *** ******** ********* analysis ** *** *******, such ** ********* ***** brand ** ****** * customer *** ******* *** which ****** **** **** seen ** ***** ** formulate ******** ***** ********** and **********, *** **** not ***** *** ********'* face *** ***** ***********.

Facial *********** ********* *********

** ******, *****, *** Reconova **** ***** ******** apologized ** ***** ******** websites.

** ****** **** ** has ******* * ******* committee ** ****-******* *** errors *** "********* ********** for *** ********* ** has ******* ** ***** and *******":

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*****'* ********* ** **** similar, ********* ** ****-******* its *******.

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**** ** ****** *** Ulucu's ********** ***** *** companies ***** *** ******** of ***** ********* **** the ****** ********** *** will ******* ***********' ***** to **** *******. *******, they **** ****** ******** from *******, *****, **********, and ***** ****** ** help **** *******.

********'*************** **** ** ***** security *********, *** *** "data ********** **** *** infringe ** ******** *******":

**** ********** ** **** used *** ********* ********* flow *********** ********, *** strict ***-**-*** ********** ******* data ********. ******** ********** does *** ******** ** consumer ******* *** ********** maintains ******** ******* *** data ********.

**** ******** *** *** show ******* ********** **** Yalatech.

Comments (3)

******* **** *** *****'* "crackdown" ** *** ****, it **** ***** **** the *** ********** ** slowly ********** ** *** and ******* *** ******** data *** **** ********** technology ***** *** ****** of ******** **********.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*****

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** **** *** ** interesting ******* ***** ****** recognition*** * ********* *** has **** *** ******** 3 ***** ** *** use ** ****** *********** for ********* **** * zoo.

*** *********** ***** **** to ***** *** **** using * ***** ********* face-scanning ******, *** ******* stated. ****** ******** ** comply ***** ** ****** entry.

***, * ***** ********* at ********’* ******** ***-**** University, *** ********. ** couldn’t ********** *** * zoo ***** ******* ********* customers ** **** **** their ********* ***********. **** he ******* *** ****, he **** ***** ** was ***** ****** ** protect *** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny
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