China State Media Exposes Illegal Commercial Facial Recognition Use

By Isabella Cheng, Published Mar 22, 2021, 11:01am EDT (Info+)

There has been increasing debate and scrutiny about facial recognition in the EU and US, and similar issues are emerging in China as the state media (CCTV) recently singled out illegal facial recognition for commercial use.

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In this report, IPVM examines:

  • China state media program exposes illegal facial recognition
  • Focus on facial recognition usage in stores
  • Age, gender, race, emotional state analytics
  • Facial recognition used for "personalized marketing"
  • Lack of consumer consent and data privacy concerns
  • Provider access to client backend concerns
  • Commercial v. public security surveillance
  • Scale of commercial facial recognition
  • Dahua and Hikvision not mentioned
  • Consequences and responses

***** ***** ***** ** ******* ******* Illegal ********** ****** ***********

******* ********** ****** *********** *** ********** China *** ******** ******* ** * state-run ** ******* **** ***** ***** 15, ****. ******** *** ***** ** CCTV (***** ******* **********), ****.** ****** ** ****** ********* ***** ** which *********** ******* *** ****** ******** rights ******. *** **** ** ****** each **** ** ***** ** ** celebration ******* ******** ****** ***.

**** ****, *** ***** ***** ******* in *** *-**** **** *** **** of ******* ****** *********** *** ** commercial ****** ********** *****.

***** ***** ******* *** ******** ** English ***********.

Focus ** "*******" ********** *** ** ****** ***********

*** ************* ******* *** ********** *** of ****** ***********, **** ***** ***** explicitly ******* *** ******* "*******." *** investigation ******* ** ****** *********** *** particularly ** ******, ***** *********' ***** are ******** **** **** **** ***** a ***** *** ****** ** * database, ********* ** ****** *** ****** with ********* ***** ******** ******.

* ********** ******* * ******* ** Kohler ******** ****** *** ********* ** Shanghai ** ***********. ** ********** "******* cameras" **** **** ********* ************ *** facial ***********, ***** ************* ******* ********' faces ** **** ***** *** *****, keeping ***** ** *** **** ***** the ******* *** ******* *** ***** and ******* **** **** **** ** other ****** ********* **********.

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***** ******* *** ********* ******* *******.

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* ****** ***** ******* ********* * scenario ** ***** *** ***** ***** use *** ****** *********** ******:

******* * ******** ***** **** ***** B. ***** *'* ****** **** ***** me **** **** ******** *** ******** visited ***** * ** *** ****. Knowing **** ***********, * *** *** better ******* *** *** * **** approach *** ******** *** ***** ****** to ***.

***** **** ******** *** ****** *****, the ******** **** ******* *** *** dealerships ** **** *** ********, ***** had ****** *********** ******* ********* ******* from *** *******.

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Kohler ****** ** ** ****** ******* ***, ******, **** *********

*** ************* ******** ******'* ******, **** a ***** ******* ******** ******, **** ******** *********** ****, **** as ***, ******, ****, *** ******** the ********* ***** ** *** ********. The ********** ******* ** ****** ** Suzhou *** ********* *** **** *** captured ******** ***** ** *** ******** Kohler ******. *** **** *** ******* been ******** ** ** ****** *** system.

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****** *** **********'* ***** **** ** Retail, * ******* ****** ** *** back-end ****** ** ******* ********* ** the ******* ***** ******* ** **** faces ******** ** ****-****. *** ********** pointed *** **** *** ****** **** analyzes ***, ******, ******* *** ****** wears *******, ****, *** ********* *****.

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** ******'* ******* ******* ***** ********' high ****** *********** ****:

** *** ***’* **** * **** now, *** **** *********** **** ** definitely **%, *** ******* * **** is **** ** ***, ***** ****** 80%-85%.

******* *** ******** *** **** ******* explained *** *** ******* ******* ** this **%. ** ***** ** ****-***** usage, ** ***** ** ********* ** such * **** ***** **********.

OP ****** ****** ****** *********** *** ************ *********

** ******'******** ********** ****** **** ********* *** ***** for ****** ***********, *** *********** ***** facial *********** *** ******** ********* ******* customers.

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*** ***** **** ***** **** **** facial *********** **** *** **** **** "third-party ****" (*******, **********, ******, *** geographical ****) *** ******** *********.

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******* ***** **** ** ******'* ****** recognition ****** *** ******** ********* *** generate * "******** ********" (*******) **** includes "******** *******, *********** *********, ******** preferences, ***." **** ********** ***** ***** personalize ***** *******.

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*******, **** ** ****** ** *** well **** ********** ******** ***** ** it ** ********* ** ***** ***** to ******** ** ********* **** ** the ****. ** ** ******** **** this **** ** ******** ******** ** more ********** ** ***** ******* ****** everyone **** **** ****** ** ***** payment (******/******) ****** ****** **** ** cash. ***** ******** *********** ********** **** and ******** ** *********** ** *** system ***** ** ***.

** ****** **** *** ******* ******** of ****** *********** ************ *** ******** marketing ** *** ******** ******* *******. Rather, *** "***** ******" ********* ****** on *** ******* *** *** ****** counting *** ******** **** **** ** understand ******** **** ******* ********.

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** ******'* ****** ******** ******, ********** on *** *******, **** ****** ****** recognition ("********** ******* *** ****** *********") but ***** ** ** *******, ****** "multi-dimensional *** **** ********", ** **** exactly **** **** (******, ***, ***.) would ** **** ***.

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Lack ** ******* *** **** ******* ****** ***** ********

*** **** ******** ***** *** ********** use ** ****** *********** ******* ******* lack ** ******* **** *** ******** and **** ******* ******. ********* ** CCTV's *************, ****** *********** ******* *** particularly ********* ******* **** ******* ********* data **** ******. ***** ********* (*********** ******** ********** – ******** *********** Security *************) ******* ***** **** ****** ********* information ***** ** *** ******** ** "personal ********* ***********." *******, *** ********** of ********* ********* **** ** ********* by ***. ************, ***** *** ****** consent ** ********* *** ********* "******** information":

******* ****** *** ***** **** ********** *********** on ******* *, **** ******* ********** that *** ********** ** ******** *********** requires *** ******* ** *** ******* person ** *** ********.

*******, *** ******** ******* ** ****** all ******** **** ******* ****** *********** systems *** *** ***** ***** **** for ******* ** **** *** **** captured ****** ** ******* *** ******. The ****** *** *** **** ***** that **** ****** **** **** ***** captured. *******, *** ******** ********* **** OP ****** *** ***** ******* ********* that *** ********* *** ***-***** ** not **** ********* ** *** *** consent ** **** ***** *** *****.

***** **** ***** ****** *** ** lack ** ******* **** ********** ****** information, *** ************* ******* ** *** issues ** **** ******* *** ********. Possible ***** ** ********* **** ** especially ******* *** ******* **** ****** use **********, ********** ***** *****, ** passwords *** **** ******** *** *** unlocking ***** ******. ***** ***'* **** is *** ********* ****** ********** (** opposed ** * ********), **** ******* is ************ ********* ** * ***** of **** ********** ***'* ******* *** property.

******, *** ******* *********:

****** *********** ** ******** ** **** people’s ***** ******, *** **** *** become ****** ****.****** *** *** *** **** ** drive ********* *** **** *** ******** opportunities, *** *** ***** ************* ***** people *** ********* **** **** *** undergoing ****** ***********. ********** ****** ***** this **********. **** ** ********** *** people's ****** *** ************ ******* ****** *** *********** ***** the ************ **** ********** ****** ** us.

Facial *********** ******** ******* **** ****** ******* ********

******* ******* *******, ***** *** *** brought ** ** *** *******, *** that **** ****** *********** ******** *** able ** ****** **** *** ******* databases ** ***** *******' ******* ** watch **** *** ******* **** ********* in ****-****. *** *******, * ******* from ** ****** ****** *** ******** what **** *** ***** ******** ** real-time ** *** ******* ***** *******, although *** ************* *** ***** ******'* systems.

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*** ******* ** ******** **** ****** showed *** ******** *** ******* ****** operating ** ****-**** ** * ******* store.

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*** ******* ** *** ********* ** so ****** **** ***** *******' ******** and ****** **** *** ******** ****** potential ******* ******, **** ** ********* ******* ****. **** ****** ******* ********* ** the ****** *********** ******** ** ****** showing ********* ****-***, ****-**** **** ********** without *** ********* ** *** *****. If **** ******* ** ***** ** an *****, ** ** **** ********* for *** ********* ** ** **** to **** *****' ******* ******* *** secure.

Commercial *. ****** ******** ************

*********** ** ******* ****** *********** *** were ******* ** **** ********** ********* in *** *** **** *********, **** no ******* ** ******* *** *** facial *********** ** **** ** *** China **********. *** ********* *** ******** the ****** *********** ******* ***** ************ with ****** ******** ************ *******:

******* *** **********, *** *** ******** of **** *** **** ** ******* us *** *** ****** ******** ********.

****** *********** ** ******** ** ********** standards *** ******************* *****/**** **** ******** ****, *** Ministry ** ****** ******** **** *** facial *********** ******* *** ******** ** be ***********. ** ** ******* *** the ********** ***** *** *** *** of ****** *********** ** ***** ** data ******* *** ******* ****.

“Hundreds ** ********" ** ***** ********

"******** ** ********" ** ***** ** total **** **** ******** *** *** stored ** *********, ********* ** *** 4 ****** *********** ********** ********* (** ******,*****,********,********) **** *** ********** ***** **. However, **** ** ****** "******** ** millions" ***-****** *****. ** **** **** the ******** **** **** ********* **** of ********* ** ******* *** ***** biggest *******. ***** **** **** **** installed ******** ** *********, ******* ** a ******* *******. ******** **** ***** systems *** ** ********* *,***+ ****** across *****.

Dahua *** ********* *** *********

***** *** *********, *** *****'* * largest ************ ****** *************, **** *** mentioned ** **** *************. ***** ***** and ********* *** *** **** ******** used ************ ******* ** *****, **** our ********, ***** *** ********* ** not ********* ******* "***** ******" ************ on *** ***** **** ***** ******* and **** *********** ********* **.

Kohler *** *** *********** ******** **** ******* *********

***** *** **** *****, ***** *********** discovered **** ****** ********* *** ******* BMW *** *********** **** **** ***** facial *********** ******* *********. *** ********** in *****, ************ * *** ***** ****** ************ *** ***** ******* **** **** had "******* *** ****** **** ****** recognition ******** *********." *******, *** ********** saw "******** ***** ******* ** **** corners ** *** *****," ******* *********.

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********* ******* **** *** ********* ** the **** *******, *** *** ******** inquired ***** **** ** *** ***** manager. *** ***** ******* ********* **** they **** *** ************ ******** ** there *** ********* ******** ** *** store. *******, *** ******** ********** "************** promoting *** ******'* ****** *********** ********" online. **** *** ******* ****** ******* for ** ***********, *** ******* **** a ******* ***** ****** ***** ******* the ********, *** *** ******** *** never ********* *********.

******* *************** * *** ************ ***** **, **** *** ***** said *** ******* *** **** ******* and, ** *********, **** "***** **** used":

** ******* *** ****** ********* **** night. ********, ** ********* ** *** more **** * **** *** *****'* used **. ** *****'* ********* ******** facial ****.

*** *** ********** ******* **** ****** recognition ** **** **** *** "******** marketing ********" *** "**** *** ***** information":

*** ** ***** ********** **** **** recognition ** **** *** ******** ********* analysis ** *** *******, **** ** analyzing ***** ***** ** ****** * customer *** ******* *** ***** ****** have **** **** ** ***** ** formulate ******** ***** ********** *** **********, and **** *** ***** *** ********'* face *** ***** ***********.

Facial *********** ********* *********

** ******, *****, *** ******** **** since ******** ********** ** ***** ******** websites.

** ****** **** ** *** ******* a ******* ********* ** ****-******* *** errors *** "********* ********** *** *** confusion ** *** ******* ** ***** and *******":

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*****'* ********* ** **** *******, ********* to ****-******* *** *******.

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**** ** ****** *** *****'* ********** state *** ********* ***** *** ******** of ***** ********* **** *** ****** importance *** **** ******* ***********' ***** to **** *******. *******, **** **** accept ******** **** *******, *****, **********, and ***** ****** ** **** **** improve.

********'*************** **** ** ***** ******** *********, and *** "**** ********** **** *** infringe ** ******** *******":

**** ********** ** **** **** *** technical ********* **** *********** ********, *** strict ***-**-*** ********** ******* **** ********. Reconova ********** **** *** ******** ** consumer ******* *** ********** ********* ******** privacy *** **** ********.

**** ******** *** *** **** ******* statements **** ********.

Comments (3)

******* **** *** *****'* "*********" ** Big ****, ** **** ***** **** the *** ********** ** ****** ********** to *** *** ******* *** ******** data *** **** ********** ********** ***** the ****** ** ******** **********.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*****

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** **** *** ** *********** ******* about ****** ************** * ********* *** *** **** and ******** * ***** ** *** use ** ****** *********** *** ********* into * ***.

*** *********** ***** **** ** ***** the **** ***** * ***** ********* face-scanning ******, *** ******* ******. ****** refusing ** ****** ***** ** ****** entry.

***, * ***** ********* ** ********’* Zhejiang ***-**** **********, *** ********. ** couldn’t ********** *** * *** ***** justify ********* ********* ** **** **** their ********* ***********. **** ** ******* the ****, ** **** ***** ** was ***** ****** ** ******* *** data.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny
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