Alarm Motion Detector Tutorial

Author: Ari Erenthal, Published on Mar 06, 2017

Sensors designed to detect movement are a good way to protect large, open areas. In this tutorial, we examine motion detectors, including:

  • Passive infrared (PIR) detection
  • Microwave detection
  • Dual technology detectors
  • Movement profiles
  • Detection patterns
  • Look down protection
  • Pet immunity
  • False alarm prevention - the 9 key factors that increase false alarms
  • Motion detector selection guide - living room, living room with door, kitchen, commercial kitchen, skylight

******* ******** ** ****** ******** *** * **** *** ** protect *****, **** *****. ** **** ********, ** ******* ****** detectors, *********:

  • ******* ******** (***) *********
  • ********* *********
  • **** ********** *********
  • ******** ********
  • ********* ********
  • **** **** **********
  • *** ********
  • ***** ***** ********** - *** * *** ******* **** ******** false ******
  • ****** ******** ********* ***** - ****** ****, ****** **** **** door, *******, ********** *******, ********

[***************]

********

**** ********* ** ***** ******, ********** ****** *** ****** ** protection ** ****** *********. *** *******, ******** ** ********* **** detect ***** ** ******* ******* *** *******. ** ** **** practice, *******, ** **** * ****** ***** ** ********** ** case ** ******** ******** ** ******** ***** ********. **** ****** detectors ********** *** ******** ****** *** ******** ********** *** ********, it ** **** ****** **** ** ******** **** ** **** to **** ***** **********. ******** *** ****** ********* ********** **** other, ****** **** ********* **** *****. ***** **** *** ** the ***** ***** **** * ************ ******* *** ** **** to ****** *** ***** ******.

Passive ******** ********* (***) *********

*** ****** **** ******** ********* ** *** **** ** ****. Motion ********* *** ************* ******, ***** ****** *****, ** ****** **** ****. *** **** ***** ****** ********* use * **** ***** ** ****. ** ** ****** ***** in ***** ** *** **** ** *** ****, *** ****** of ******* ******** ********* **** ********, ******* *** ******* ** one **** ** ***** **** ******** ** *** ***** ****. As *** ****** ********* ** **** ** ***** ** *** other **** ** *** ****, *** ******** ********* ******* **** change *****, ******* *** ****** **** ** ***** ****** **** the *****. ****** ********* *** **** ********** ** **** * signal ** *** ***** *****.

*** ***** **** ******* *** *********** ********* ***** ******* ******** ahead. ****** ********* *** * **** **** ** **** ******* to ***** ***** ********* ***** *******, ******** ***** ********* ***** to ******* **° ** ** **** ** ***°, ********* ** model. ****** ********* *** * ******* ****, ***** ******* ***** much **** *********** **** * ******** **** ** ********** *********. This ****** **** **** ******** ********* ** ***** *** ****.

** ** ********** **** ********* ** ****** **** ** ***** detection ***** ******* ** *** **** ********* *****. **** ****** the ****** ******** ** ****** ******** **** ****** *** ****** the ********* ** ***** ******. *** **** ******, *** **** in ***** ** *** **** *** * ***** ****** ** facet-sections, **** ** ***** ********** ** ** *********** **** ** the ****.

Microwave

***** ******** ********* *** *******, ********* ******* ** *** ****** of ********** ******** *********, ********* ****** ******* *** ******, ******* radio ***** *** ********* *** **** ** ***** ** ****** back. ******* ** *** ****** ** **** *** ***** **** to ****** ** *** ****** *** *********** ** ****** *** cause ** ***** *********.

** ********* ********* ****** **** *******, **** *** **** ****** to ** ******** ** **** **** ************ ** ******* ******* systems. ********* ********* **** **** *********. ********* **** ******* ******* moving ******* ** **** **** *** ********, *** ****** *** lateral ********. ********* ********** **** *****, ***** ***** ***** *** sensor ** ****** ****** *** ****** ******. ********* ****** ********* metal, *** ***** ***** ******* ** ***** ** *** ******** could ****** * **** ****. ************, ********* ***** ****** ********* are ***** * **** ********** ******* ** * **** **********, which ** **** ****** ** ************* ********* *****, *** ********* less ****** ** *****.

Movement ********

** ** ****** ** *** **** ** ***** ******, ************* use ***********-******** ********** ******** (*****) ****** **** ******** ********. ***** microcontrollers *** ** ********* *** *** *** ********* ***** ***** into ********* ******, *** **** ** ***** ***** ****** ******* preprogrammed ********. *** ******* ** *** *************** ** ** *** intelligence ** *** ****** ********, ******** *** ******** ** **** the ********** ******* * ****** ******* ******* ** *** **** and * ***** ******** ******** *** ********* ****. ***** ********** and **** ************* ******** ******** **** ******** *** ****** ** false ******, *** *************** ***** **** *** *** ******* ***** alarms ** ********** ******.

Dual **********

** ********** ****** ** **** ** ******** ***** ******, **** installers ****** ** *** **** ********** ****** *********. **** ********** detectors *** *** ********* ********* ************, ******* ******* ******** *** microwave. *** *** ************ **** **** ** "*****" ****** ******** an ***** *********. ** ******, **** ** * **** *** for *** ********* ** *** ********** ** ********** *** *** weaknesses ** *** *****. *** ************** ** **** "*********" ******* from ************ ** ************, *** ********* **** ******* ** *******.

**** ******** *** ******** ********** ***** "*****" *** *********** **** are ****** **, *** *** ********* ********** **** **** ********** ignore *** ******* ** *** ********* ****. *** *******, * dual ********** ****** ******** ****** * ******* *** **** **** learn ** ****** *** ******** ** *** ***, ** ** only ***** *** ********* *** *** *** ***.

*** ****** ** ******** **** ********** ****** ********* ** **** just ******* *** ****** ******** **** *** ***** ******* **** not ****** *** **** **** *** **** ** ****** ******** for * ****** ********. *** *******, * ******** *** ****** a ***** ***** **** ** * ********* **** ***** *****, due ** *** **** ** *** ********* ** *** ***** reflecting *** *** *****. ********* *** *** ****** ******** **** a **** ********** ****** ******** **** ***** *** ***** ****** to ****. *******, *** *********** ******* *** *** **** ****. An ******** *** ********* ***** ****** *** ***** ** ********* may *** ***** *** ****** ******** ** ** **** * state ** *****, ******* ********* **** **** ****** **** **** closer ** ******* ****, *** ****** **** ***** **** **** to ****. *** ** *** ********** **** *** ****** ******* movement, *** *** ************** *** "*******" ** ****** ******** ** the ******* ** *** ********* **** **** ********* ****** ***** alarms. *** ****** ******** ** ******* *** *** ********* *** the *** ** **** ***** **** ****** *** ********** ********, but **** **** ***** ******, ********* *** **** ****** ***********.

**** ********** ****** *** **** ********** ********* ***********. **** **** dual ********** ****** ********* ****** ** ***, **** ** *** see *** *** ** ***** **** **** ** ********* ***** PIRs ***** *******. *******, **** *** ********* ****** ******* **% and **% ******* **** **** ********** *********. **** ******* ** low *** ***** *************, **** ****** $** *** *** ***** be *** ********** ******* * ********** ***** *** * *****-**** month.

Detection ********

*** ****** ********* ******* *** ******** ******** ****. ********** ****** be **** ** ***** *** ******** ******** **** ** *** specified *********** ** ******* ** ********. ********* ***** ********* ******* a **** ** ****** *** **, *** **** **** ****** a ******* ** *** ********* ***** **** ******** ** ****** common ******* ** ***** ******, *** **** ******** ******* ******** a **** ** ****** *** ***** **** ** *** ********* space. ****** * ******, * ****** ******** ****** ****** ***** out ** ******** *** ******* ****** **** * **** ******* to *** **, **** ** * ****.

*********, ***** * ****** ******** ***** *** * ******** ** 50' (**.** ******) ** * ***** **** ****** **** **** will ******* *********** **** **** ******** *** *****, *** **** prevent **** ********** ********* **** ***** **********, ** ***** *****:

***** * ****** ******** ** ******* ** **** ************* ******* than *** ****** ***** ******** ******** ** ****. *** ************** is ********* ** *** *** ******** ******. ***** ****** *** predicated ** *** ******** ***** * ******** ******** **** *** motion ********. ** ** ****** ** ************* ****** **** *** of *** ******** *** ****** ******** *** ** *** *******, it **** *** ** **** ** ******** **, *** **** motion ********* **** ************* ** **** ** ***** *****. **** can **** ** ************* **** ***** ****** **** ********* ******* such ** ******* ******** ** *** ******* ** *** ******** or ******** ***** ***** ** ******* *******.

****** ********* *** ********* ** ******* ********, **** ** ***** are ******** *** ******** *****. **** ****** ********* *** **********, and *** ******* ******** *****. ****** *** ******* ********* ***** by ******** *** *** ****, ***** ******* *** ********* **** pattern. *** **** *** ***** ** *** ********* **** ** clearly ****** ** *** ******, **** *****, *** ********* **** the *** ********** *** ****** ********. ********** ****** ** **** to ****** * ****** ******** **** * ********* **** **** matches *** **** ** ** ******* ** ******* ** ********.

Look-Down **********

**** ****** ******** ****** ******* ******** ****, **** ****** ***** zone **********. **** ** * ****** **** **** ******* *** pyro ******* *** **** ******* *** ****** ********, ********** ********* from ******* *** ****** ******** ** ******** ** *** *****. Many ****** ********* ***** **** ********** ** ** ******** ** locations **** **** ** ******* *******.

Pet ********

**** ********** ****** ********* ** ***** **** ****, ********** *** want ** *** *** ****** ****** *********. ***** *** *** types ** ****** ********* ******** ** **** ****** ****. *** tolerant ****** ********* *** * **** ************* ************** **** ** extensive ******* ** *** ****** *** ******** ********, ***** *** immune ********* ******* ************* *************** **** **** **********. ********* ********, pet ******** ********* ****** ** ********** *** ******* **** ******** under ** ****** (****), ***** **** ********** ********* *** *********** for **** ***** ****** (****). ******** ****, ********** **** *** other ******** ****, *** **** ***** **** **** ********** ********* impractical. *** **** ***********, *** ****** ****** ****** ******** ********.

********

**** ****** ********* ******* *********** **********. ** **** ** *** self-testing *******, *** ****** ******** **** ************ ******* *** **** to ****** **** *** ****, *****, ******* ******, *** ********** heat ** *** ********* **** *** *** *******. ** *** detector ****** ******* *** ****, ** ********* **** *** **** has **** ******* *** ***** * ******* ******. * ****** tactic ** ************ ******** ***** ** ** ******* *** ***** of * ******** ****** *** ***, ***** ** ** ********. The **** *** **** ***** ** ***** ***** ** ***** a "****-******" ** *** *** **** **. *** *** ** disable *** ***** ** ** ***** ****** *********, ** *** an ******* ** ***** ****, **** **** ** * ***** of *****, ******** *** ********. *********** ********** ****** *** **** to * *******, ** **** *** ***** *** ****** *** cover. **** ***** ******* **********, *** *** **** **** ** trained ** ********** ***** *** ********, *** ****** ** ********** to ******* ********** ** **** **** * ********* *****-**.

Mounting *******

*** ****** *** ******** ******** ** *** **************'* ******* ** predicated ** ** ******** ******** *** ********* **** ** ************* ways. **** ** **** **************** ** *** *** ********* ***** will ****** * ****** ******, ********* ** **** *****. *** that ******, *** *********** ******** ****** ** *** ******** **** be ******* **. ******** *** ******** *** *** *** ***** the ******** ** *********** *** ********, ******* ** ***** ******. Mounting ** *** **** **** ***** * ***** **** ***** the ********, **** ** *** ****** ******** *** * ***** zone.

Insects ******** ***** ******

******* **** ** ********* ** *** ****** ** * ****** detector *** **** **** ******. ******* ******** ****** ** *** inside ** *** **** ** **** *** **** **** ** interpreted ** ******. *********, *** ******** ** **** *** ***** in *** ****** ******** *******, ********* **** ********* *** ***** holes.

Heat ******* ******** ***** ******

****** ********* ****** *** **** **** ******* ** ********. ***** for ********** *** ******* ***** ****** ******** * **** ** mount *** ****** ********, *** **** *** ******** **** *** motion ******** *** ***** ** **** ***** * ******** ****** in *** ********* ****.

Reflective ******** ******** ***** ******

****** ********* ****** *** **** ********** ******** ** ********. ********** surfaces, ********** ******** ** ********* *****, **** ******* *** **** source, ***** *** ****** ******** *** ******** ** ******. **** reflected ***** *** ****** *** **** ********* ** *** **** sufficiently ** ** ******** ** ******. ******** *** **** ***** to **** ******* ****** *** ********* **** ************ ** ***** false ******, ** ***** ****** *** ****** ******** ******* ***** areas ** ****** ** ***** *******. ***** ******* **** *****, such ** ***** ** ******, *** **** ********* ***** *********** sufficient ** ****** *** ******** ******* ** *** ****.

Hanging ***** ******** ***** ******

*****, ********, ***** ********, *** ***** ******* **** **** **** the ******* *** *** **** ** ******* ****** ** ******* air ************ ** ******* *** *** ****** ******* ** ***** alarms. ******* ********* ** ******** **** ********** ****** ********* ** grocery ****** *** ***** ****** *********. ******* ******* *** ***** animated ******** *** **** ** ********** ** ****** *** ** profile ** *** ********* ****, ******* ** ***** ******.

Screw ************** ******** ***** ******

************** ** *** ******** ****** *** **** *** ******* ** the ****** ********, ***** ** **** *** **** *** **** plastic ******* ****, ********** ******** *** **** *** ***** ** the ********* ****. **** **** ** ***** ** *** ********** technician *** ** **** ** ***** *** ******* ** *** way.

Multiple ** ******** **** ******** ***** ******

*** ****** ****** ********* **** **** **** ****** **** *** tend ** **** ** *** *****, *** **** *** ** able ** ******* *** ******** *******, **** ** ****, ** multiple ******* ** *** ********* **** ** ****. *** *** customer ***** *** ****** *** *********** ** ***** **** ****** deciding ** *** * ****** ********.

Detection **** **** *** ******** ************ **** ********* ***** ******

****** ********* **** * *****, **** *******, **** ** * wall, ** ********* *******. *********, *** ** ********* ** *** detection **** *** ****** ** ********** ****, ******* ** ***** alarms.

Hot *****

****** ********* ******* * ********** ********** ** *.*°* (*°*) ** trip. *********, **** ****** *** ** **** ** ***** **** regularly *** **** ***. ** *** ******* ****** ********* ** locations ** **** ********* **** *** ***** ************ ** **°* (32.2°C) ** ****.

Selection *****

****** ****:********* ****** ******* ******, ********** ********, ***** ******. ************** ** Dual ********** ****** ******** **** ******** **********.

****** **** **** ***: ********* ****** ******* ******, ****** ***** ***, ********* ******. Recommendation ** *** ****** ****** ******** (*****) **** ***** **** disabled.

*******: ********* ****** ******* ****, ********** ********, **** **** ****, patio *****. ************** ** ***** ****** ******** ***** ****, ****** island, ****** **** **** ****. *** **** ********** **** *****-***** immunity.

********** *******: ********* ****** ******* *******, ********, ******* ******* **** *******, reflective ******** ************** ** ** ****** ****** ******** **** *** minimum ******** ******, *** ***** ***** ********. **** ******* ********** with ********.

********: ********* ****** ******* ******** ***** ** **** *** ********* to ***** ***** *** ***** ****, *** **** *** ****** light **** ******** ***** ******* ***** ****** ******. *************** ******* choose ****** ******** **** "*******" ****, ***** **** ******* * narrow **** **** ***** *** ********. ********* ****** ******* *** skylight **** ** ********, *** *** **** ** *** **** will ** *******.

Comments (6)

*** ** *** ** *** **** ******** ** ****** ********* I've ****. *'** **** ***** ****** ********* *** **** ** years *** **** *********** ********** ******** ****. **** *** ****** motion ********* **** **********, * *** ********* ** ***** *** then ***** **** ** ** ******** *** **** ***** **** of ** ********. *******, ***** **** **** ** **** **** cats *** ********. *** ***** ** **** ******** **** ** have ***** **** *********** ****** *********.

** *** ***** **** ** *** ****** *********, *** ** my ********, **** *** **** ** *** ****, **** * pet ****** *** ******** ** * ******* **** ****** **** an ******. * ******** *** ************'* ************ ** *** ******, but *** * ***** *****. * ******** ** *** *** and ********* *** ******** ** *** ******** *** ** *** hallway ***** ** *** *** *** **** *** ***** ****, also ****** *** * *** ****** ** *** ****. * walk ****** *** *** ****** ******** ****** ** ** **** fine. ** **** ***** ***** *****.

**** *******, *** **** ***** ******* *** ********* *** ** use ** ******* ****** ********* ************ ********** ** **** *** play ********* ********** ****** ****** (***** **** ** ******* *** to *** *******). **** *******.

** ** **********, ******* **** *** ******** ***** * *** false ****** ****** ***** ********* *********** ** ******** ** ***** tripping ** ******* *** ******* *****.

** ** ****, **** ********* ********* ** **** ****** ** other ******* **** *******, ***** ********* (*****/***** ****). ****** ***** radar (**:*********) ** ****-**** ******* ********* (**:**** ******* ********) *** ** * ****** ******** *** ********** ********** ****** inputs, ******** **** *** **** **** ********* **** *** *****.

******* ****** ********* **** ** ** *** **** ****** ****** the **** ** ******* ********* *** ***** ****** *********. ** would ******* *** ****** ******** ** *** *** *** **** the ****** ******* *********. *****, ** ******* ***** ****** **** timers. ** ** **********, ***** ****** ********* ** ***** ** good ** ***** * ***.

** *** ** **** ******* ****** *********, * ***** ********* you *** ********* **** ******** ****** **********, *****, *** **** detection **********.

**** ****, ***** *** ******* ****** ********* ******** ************ ** work **** ****, **** ** ***** *** **** ** ******* by ***- *** ******* **** ***** ** *** *******.

** *** **** *** ****** ********* *******, ******** ***** *****. This ***, *** *** ******* ** ***** ******** * ***** object **** ** * ***** ** ******* ******* *** *****. These **** ** ** **** ******** **** ***** ***** **** fewer (******** ** ****** *** ****) ***** ******.

**** ************ ** ********* **** *'** **** ****. ***** ***!

***** *******!

***** *** **** ** ******* ******* **** **** ****** *** outputs ** *** ** ******** *** ************* ** ******** ******. You *** *** **** ** ** **** ** ****** *** situation. *** *** ****** *** *********** ****** *** **** ** for **** ******* ***** ***** * ****** ** *** ** forgiving. * **** **** ******* ******* ** *** **** ** high ****** *****. ***** ** *** *** *** ******* ***** a *** ** **** ** ***** ********. *** **** ***** have "***** ******" ******* ** ***** *** ****.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Installing Box Cameras Indoors Tutorial on May 22, 2018
This tutorial starts our physical installation for video surveillance series, starting with Box Cameras, one of the oldest and most basic types....
The Hikvision Smart Classroom Behavior Management System on May 22, 2018
Hikvision's rapidly growing offering of analytics, which we most recently examined with Hikvision's ethnic minority analytics, is now going into...
Dahua Intrusion Analytics And VMD Tested (Poorly) on May 21, 2018
Dahua ships basic analytics on practically all their cameras, ranging from low cost to high end. To see how these analytics work in real world...
Installing Cameras in Plenums Tutorial on May 15, 2018
There is often confusion about plenum ceilings, with misinformation about what is required when running cables through them and mounting cameras...
Access Visitor Management Systems Guide on May 11, 2018
"Who are you, and why are you here?" Facilities that implement Visitor Management Systems hope they never need to ask that question to anyone,...
Hikvision VMD And Intrusion Analytics Tested on May 04, 2018
VMD worked poorly on Hikvision cameras, new IPVM testing found. However, Hikvision ships analytics on practically every IP camera, with intrusion...
Access Control Card Printers Guide on May 03, 2018
Card printers are a core component of professional access control systems, often used as photos IDs and prominently displayed. Modern badges put...
Access Control Levels and Schedules Tutorial on May 01, 2018
Configuring access levels and setting up schedules is central to maintaining facility security. Many people may need to enter areas but most do not...
FLIR Launches Saros on May 01, 2018
Has FLIR solved the video intrusion / remote monitoring problem or have they created an overkill, overly expensive device? FLIR has launched...
Alarm.com Business Market Expansion on Apr 13, 2018
Alarm.com has millions of subscribers, but the company has traditionally been mostly a residential/home focused offering.  ADC's new Smart Business...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Software Only VMS vs NVR Appliances on May 23, 2018
Should you buy your own PC/server and load VMS software on it or get a turnkey appliance (both hardware and software, e.g., NVR, Hybrid DVR) from a...
Buy Arecont: Top Bid $10 Million Cash on May 22, 2018
Last year, Arecont had a deal for a purchase price of $170 million (see Failed Arecont China Acquisition). This year, Arecont has a deal for a...
Installing Box Cameras Indoors Tutorial on May 22, 2018
This tutorial starts our physical installation for video surveillance series, starting with Box Cameras, one of the oldest and most basic types....
The Hikvision Smart Classroom Behavior Management System on May 22, 2018
Hikvision's rapidly growing offering of analytics, which we most recently examined with Hikvision's ethnic minority analytics, is now going into...
Dahua Intrusion Analytics And VMD Tested on May 21, 2018
Dahua ships basic analytics on practically all their cameras, ranging from low cost to high end. To see how these analytics work in real world...
Exacq Improving Technical Support, Responding To Integrator Complaints on May 21, 2018
Exacq had been a long-term favorite of integrators, but since their 2014 Tyco acquisition, Exacq has fallen in IPVM integrator studies (though...
Best Manufacturer Technical Support 2018 on May 21, 2018
While 5 manufacturers made the worst technical support 2018 list, only 3 stood out as providing the best technical support to 190+ integrators in...
Stealth / UCIT - Remote Video Monitoring Provider Profile on May 18, 2018
Can 2 remote video monitoring companies, Stealth Monitoring from the US and UCIT from Canada combine to impact the market and compete in a changing...
Cybersecurity for IP Video Surveillance Guide on May 18, 2018
Keeping surveillance networks secure can be a daunting task, but there are several methods that can greatly reduce risk, especially when used in...
Forced Entry / Duress Access Tutorial on May 17, 2018
Even though access control normally keeps people safe, tragedies have revealed a significant issue. If users are forced to unlock doors for...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact