Access Control Lock Guide

By Brian Rhodes, Published Apr 28, 2021, 12:30pm EDT

In this guide, we examine locks; critical elements of any security system, and fundamental parts of every access control system.

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Two fundamental classes of locks are used in access, electrified locks, and mechanical locks. But with thousands of lock options in the market, understanding the basics and when to use either is crucial for successful systems.

This report covers the factors driving selection, including:

  • Codes Impacting Which Options You Can Use
  • Why Electric Strikes Are So Common
  • Understanding 'Fail Safe vs Fail Secure'
  • Using Maglocks The Correct Way
  • Why 'Request to Exit' Hardware Is Critical
  • Using Electric Lock Bolts or Other Electric Locks
  • Other Electrified Hardware, Like Standalone Locks
  • Understanding Mechanical Hardware Options
  • Cylindrical vs. Mortise vs. Surface Mounted Hardware
  • Why Deadbolts Are Dangerous

Inside we examine where you should pick strikes, maglocks, or something else altogether to keep doors secure, legal, and reliable.

Electrified *****

******* ******* ******** *******, magnetic *****, ********** *****, and ******** ** * complex ********. *** ******** below ******** *** ***** types:

  • ******** *******
  • ********
  • *********** *****
  • ********** *****

Electric *******

******** ******* *** * common *** ******* ****** of ******** ********** ******-********** doors, ********** ********, ******, or ****** **** ********** openings ***** ****** ******** like**** ********** ******* *********.

******* *** ***** **** a ********** ***** ** jaws **** ***** *** of *** *** **** a **** *****. **** is ** ********* ************** of *******; **** *** only ** ****** ** the ************ **** ********. The ****** ****** ** designed ** ****** ****** even **** *** ********** hardware ** ****** *** the **** ** ******.

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******* *** ** ******* mounted ** *** ***** (typically ******** **** **** with ***-******* ******** **** panic ****) ** ******** into **** ******. * variety ** ***** ****** control ********** *** ** furnished ** **** **** of ********, ********* ***** position ******* *** **** readers.

**** **** ** ******** can ** ****** ** a ******* ** ********, power *******, ******** **********, and ********* *******. *** most ******** ******* ******** of *** ******** **** about $*** - $***, and ******* ******** *********** (cleaning *** ***********) ** remain ***********.

*** **-***** ******* ***** this ****, **** ************ *** ***** ******** Strike*****.

'Fail ****' ****** '**** ******'

***** **** ****** ** electric *******, ***** ***** describe *** ******* ******** of *** *********** **** when ***** ***** **** the ******. ** * device ** ********** *** 'fail ****' *********, **** means **** ** ***** is ****, **** *** lock **** **** ** an ********* ********.

**** *** **** *** door *** ****** ***** open ** *****, *** an ********* **** ***** unimpeded ****** ******* *** opening. ** ********, ** a ****** ** ********** to '**** ******', **** means *** ****** **** default ** ******* *** door ****** **** ***** is ****. *******, **** behavior ** ********* ** special ********** ** ** other ******* ** *** door ******** ***** ********* egress ******* *** ******* in ** *********.

Magnetic *****

**** ******** ****** '********', these ******* *** **** of *** ********* *** most ******* ****** ** locking ******** *********. ******** are ***** **** *** perimeter ***** ** **** of ***** ***** ***** modification ** *********. **** consist ** *** ************ bonded ********** (*** **** armature *** *** ******* magnet ***), ********* ******** by * ***** ***** strength **** ******** ** several ********* ** ******.

**** ** ** ***** of * *******:

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* ******** ** ***** types ** ******* ** that **** ****** **** be ******* ** *** secured **** ** *** door. **** ** *** to *** ************* ** cutting ***** *********** ** the ****** ** ****** knocking *** ****** *** the ***** **** *** unsecured ****. **** *********** may ******** **** ******** ** *** ****** ** ******* ** the *****, *** * variety ** ******* ****** are **** ** ********** uncommon *********.

***** ******* **** ******* constant *** ************* ***** to ****** ******. '**** Safe' ********** *** *** always *******, ** ******* backup ** * ****** feature ** *** ***** supplies *** ***** *****.

* ****** **** *********** for ***** ******* ** that ***** ** **** to **** ******** **** a **** ***** ******. It ** **** **** common ***'*******-**-****' (***) *** ******* and ********* **** ********* ** ******** *** every ******* **** *** a ******* *********. *** more, *** ********** ** **** ********.

***** ******* *** **** costly, ***** ******* *** $400 ** **** *** lock. *******, ***** ********* pieces ** ********* **** power ******** *** *** devices **** *** *********** cost ** **** **** of ******* *******. ** is *** ******** ** spend $*,*** ** *** pieces ** ******** *** this **** ** *******. Once *********, *** ** lack ** ****** ** wearing *****, ***** ******* are ********** ***********-**** *** suitable *** ***** ***.

*** **-***** ******* ***** this ****, **** ********** ********* *****.

Electronic **** *****

**** **** ** **** features ********-******, ******** ***** bolts **** ******* **** the ***** ******** *** door ** ***** ****.

***** ***** *** **** commonly ******** **** *** frame, *** ************* ***** be ******* ** *** leading **** ** * door (*** ****** ****), the ***** **** ** the ****, ** **** the *** **** ** the ****. *******, ***** bolts *** ****** ******* on *** ****** (***** side) ** *** ****, due ** *** ************* dirty **** **** ** and *** ** *** affect *** ********** ******** of *** ****.

**** ** ** ***** of ** ********** **** lock:

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**** **** ** ******** can ** ****** *** $200 *** *** ******** periodic *********** (******** *** lubrication) *** **** ********** to ****** ***********.

Standalone ********

**** **** ** ******* device ** **** ** a ******** ******** **** a ******** ******.

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***** ***** ***** ******* all ********** ******** ** be * ***** **********, self-contained ****** *** ******** a ****. ********** **** a **** ****** ** a ***** **** ** included **** ***** *******, and **** *** ******** to ******* ******** ********* hardware. ***** ***** ***** have **** ********* *** wireless ********** ***** **** the ******, *** **** are **** ** * true '****-**' ****** ******* solution **** ** ********** cabling ** ****** ********.

*** ******** *** ******* of ***** ***** *** widely ******, *** ** intend ** ***** *** more ******* ***** ** future *******. *** *** sake ** *********** ** the ***** ****** *****, however, *** **** ** these ******* *** ** anywhere **** $*** ** $3,000 *** *** ******.

*** ********* *** ***** of ****** *** ***** these ******* *** **** commonly ****:

  • ******** *******, ****** **** interior ********: ******** ******* are **** ******** ****. These ******* *** * good ********* *** ******** office *****, ******** *****, and ******* *******. ************ and *****-**** ******** ** this ******** ***** *** applications **** ******** *****.
  • **** *******, ****** ** double **** ******** ********: Magnetic ***** *** * good ***. **** '**** entry' ******** *** ******* with ********. ***** ******* are **** ******, **** a *** ********* ****, and ******* ******* ***********. Higher **** *** **** discrete ******** ******* ***** these ***** *** ******* application.
  • ***** ******** ****** ** placed, ********** ***** *** be ****. **** **** of ******* ******** ** very ****** *** ******** more ********* ** **** maintained *** ******* ******** than ******* ** ********.
  • '******* ********' ******* *** retrofitting * ****: ********** Locksets *** **** ****. Units *** ********* **** for **** ****** *** double **** ********. ***** 'all-in-one' ********* *** **** costly **** ******** * solution **** ********* *****. However, ***** ********* *** the **** ****** **** a ***** *********** ** required.

Mechanical **** *****

****** ******* ** **** than **** *********** ********. In **** *****, ******** locks ****** **** ***** electronic ****** ******* ** added. ************* *** ****** of ********* *** ********** door ***** ** ******** for ***** ********, *********, or ***-**** ** ****. Below ** **** * look ** *** ***** types ** ******* ********, which ***** ** ******** use **** *** ******* a ******* ******** ** how ** ******* ****.

Major *****

*** ***** ** **** hardware ** *****, **** each **** ****** *** own **** ***' *** relative *********. *** ***** types **** ** ********** buildings *** ***** *****:

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** *** ******** *****, we ******* ***** **** type ** **** *** how ** **** *** best ****** ********* ** the ***********.

Door ***** ******* ****** **** ******

*** **** ********* ****** driving **** **** ********* is *** *** '**** is*******', ** *** ** has **** ********** ** work **** *****. ********* forms ** ***** ******* different ************** ** ***** and ******* *** **** the ****, *** ** most *****, ***** ***** are **** ** *** manufacturer **** ****** **** are ****.

*********, ** **** *****, lock ********* ** ******* by *** **** ****, and *** **** ** condensed ** ******* ***** product *** ** ********* without ********* ** ********* the ****. ** *** sections *****, ** ******* the ***** ***** ** 'door *****' *** ***** models ** ******** **** accept.

***********

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**** **** ** **** is **** ****** * "Bored" ****, ***** *********** is ******** ** **** inside * * */*" hole ******* **** *** door. *** ***** ******** to *** **** **** preparation *** ***** ** shape *** ********* *** the **** ** ******* the **** ** *** door. ***** *** ******** of ***** ******* **** prep, ** ** *** the **** ******** **** in ********** ****** *******, because **** ** *** time ***** ***** *** used *** ********, ** low-security *****.

***** ***** ***** ** locks *** **** ****** for *****-**** ***, **** contain **** *** ***** - *** ***** **** slides **** *** *****. High-security ***** ***** ******* several ****** ** ******** and **** **** * cylindrical **** ** ***** to ********* **** ******, it ***** ***** *********************** (**** * ********) for ****-******** ************.

  • ****:*********** ($** - $***), easy ** *******
  • ****:****** ***** *** ** secure ** ***** *****, not ** ******* ** mortise *****
  • ***** ****:******** *****, *******, ***********, Low-Medium ****** *****

*******

*** ** *** ****** types ** ***** ** also *** **** ******. Compared ** * *********** lock, * ******* **** is ***, ***** *** full ** ******* *****. However, ***** ********** **** it **** *******, ******, and **** ** ********* constant ***. ******* ***** require * ****** *** into *** **** ** the ****, ***** ******** more ***** ***** **** a ****** ***** ****. However, ******* **** ****** is ****** **** * cylindrical ****, ******** ******* are ******* ******** ** mortise ********.

*** **** ** ******** bolts ***** **** *** frame, *** ******* ***** support ****-**** '**** ********' mortise **** ********* ********* 'bump/pick **********', ******* ******** pinning, *** ***** ********* protections.

******* ***** *** ******** used ** ***** ********* high ******** *** **** volumes *** *** ********* too ********* ** *** on ******** ***** ** light-duty ******/ ********** ********. Doors ***** ******* ******** must ** ********* ** handle **** *** **** and ****** ** * mortise ****:

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  • ****:**** *******, ******* ******** security *******
  • ****:********* ($*** - $****), field ******* * **** to ******* * ******* lock ** *********
  • ***** ****:******** *****, **** ****** Doors, **** ******** *****

*******

**** ****** '*** *****, or ****-******* *****', ***** locks ********* ******* ******* door ****, *** **** types ** *** **** occupy *** **** ** a **** ** ***. The **** ****** **** of ******** ** **** category ******* *******, * ******** ** high-volume, ********* ****** ********. In *** ******* *****, notice *** ***** ** the **** ** ******** to *** '*******' ** the ****, ***** *** name:

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******* **** ******** ** typically ******* **** ******* strikes (*** ******* *******) or************* *********. **** ******* are ****** *** *** very ******* *** ********* withstand **** ******* ** abuse *** *********.

  • ****:***** ****/****** ********* ****** Codes, **** *****, ********** of ******* ****, ******* Surface ******** ************
  • ****: ********* ($*** - $3,000), *** *********** ********** to **********. ********* ** hang ** ***** *****.
  • ***** ****:****** *****, ****-******** *****

*********

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**** **** ** **** is ****** **** ***** without ********** ******** *******, and ***** ** ********* egress ************ *** **** ********* requires ******** ** * key ************* *******. **** *********** locks, ********* *** **** to *******, ********* **** a **** ** ** drilled ******* *** ****. However, ******* ** ***** limited ***********, ********* *** primarily **** ** ******* the ******** ** ***** locks **** ** *** door.

*** *******, **** **** with * *********** ****, a ******** ***** ******* independent **** **** ** defeated ** **** ******* access. ********* *** ********* used ** ******** ******** during '**** *****' - used **** * ******** is ****** ** *** the ***** ** **** it ** **********.

  • ****:*********** ($** - $***), easy ** *******
  • ****:****** ** ********* ** egress *****, ******** **** must ** ****** ** match ***** ***** ** use
  • ***** ****:********* **** ** ******** security ****************** ******** *****.

*********

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**** **** ** ******** is * ****** ******* a ******** *** * mortise*******. *********** *** ******** used ** ***** ********** doors **** **** ******. Most *************** ********* ******** ***** are ******** ****** ******** hours [**** ** ****** available], *** **** ****** and ******** *** *********. Therefore, ************ **** **** ** keep * **** ****** when ********* *** ****. Like * ********, **** models **** ******* ** retract *** *****, ******** some ***** *******'**** ******'-**** *********** ******** ** ****. Unlike * ********, * door ***** ****** ****** have * ***** **** for*******, *** *** ***** must ** ******* ********* to * *******-***** ****. Most ***** ***** *** very ******, *** *** include ******** ******* ****** **** ***** **** anchor ****** **** *** adjoining *****.

  • ****:******** **** *********** *********, the ***** *************/******** ********** for ***** *****
  • ****:******* **** ** ********* separately, ********** ********* **** key ****. ***** ********* to ***** **** ** fit ***** *****.
  • ***** ****:**** ***** (*****) ***********

Lock *********

***** ******* ***** *** types ** ***** **** can ** **** ** secure ****. **** ** comes ** ********* *** specific **** ** **** to *******, ***** *******:

  • *** ** *** **** Prepped?*** ******* ***** ******* defines *** **** **** influences **** ******** *********. Taking **** ** *** prep **** ****** ********* criteria ** * *** basic *****.
  • *** ***** ** *** door?***** **** ******* ***********. In *** ********, ***** usually *** *.**" ** 1.375". *******, ******** ****** range ******* **** *** 55mm *****. **** *********** is ******** ** *********** the ***** ******** ** the **** *** *** limit *** ******* ********* of *** ****.
  • ** **** ** ****** door?** *** **** ***** in ** ****** ** emergency ****** ****, ******* lock ***** (**** *********) should *** ** ****. Hardware **** **** ******* maybe ** ********, ********* the ********* ** ***** types.
  • *** ** ***** ****** lock *********?**** ************** **************, ******* **** '*********** hardware ** ******* **** be ****. ***** **** interpretations ***** ******* ***** of *****, ** ********* conditionally ******* ***** *** depending ** ******** **************.
  • *** ********** **** **** door ** ****?*** ***** *** **** and **** *** **************** ******** *******. *** *****-**** ********** use, ****/**** ***** * hardware ** *****, ***** an ************ **** ****** or ******* **** ** better ****** ** *** economy-grade ***** * ********.

******** *** ***** **** is ********* ****** ** the '*******' ********** ** the *******, ****** **** selecting *** **** ***** and ****** *** ******* to ***.

[****: **** **** *** substantially ******* ** ****.]

Comments (10)

**** ******* *****.

**** ** **** **** or ************** ********* ********* sliders **** ** *** have * *****-** **** that *** ** ********* or **-*********? ** *********** where *** *** **** to **** *** *** outside ** ********* **** PIR ** ******* *** door **** ******* *** also ******* *** **** from ***** ***** **** physically, ******, **** *******'* hands. *'** **** *** locks **** *** *'** also **** ****-** ***** mechanical **** ***** **** can ******* ** ******. What *** **** ********? This ***** ** * retro *** **** ** existing **** *** *** new ************ ***** ** would **** ******* ** influence **** *** **** set *********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** **** **** or ************** ********* ********* sliders **** ** *** have * *****-** **** that *** ** ********* or **-*********?

**'* **** ******** **** is ***** ******. ** noted ****** ********* ****** ******* Tutorial, *** ******* *** often *********/********** ** ******** companies *** *** ************* for ****** ** * 3rd ***** ********** *** void *** ******** ** cause ******* ***** ** skyrocket.

******* ***** ** ******** is *** ****-****** ****** design ** *** *******, and ******* ** *** locking **** ******* ***** them *********. *** *******, some *** ******** **** 'break ****' ******** *** emergencies **** *** **** the **** ** ***** freely ** *******.

*******, **** *** **** out ** *** ***, I'd ****** ****** ****** a ********** **** **** a *******, *** ***** fail **********. ** **** as ***** ****** ***** are *********, ***** *** mechanical **** ***** * slider ****** **** ***** drops ****** **** * maglock **** *********** ******* useless **** ** ***** power.

***** *** **** ******* that *** ********* **** choice, *** * ***** start *****. **** **** helps!

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** *****, **** ** very ******* *** **** information. ** **** ** interfaced ** *** **** panel ** **** ** multiple ****** *******. **** need ** **** *** dark ******* ******* *** at ***** ***** ***. They *** ******** ***** an ********** ********-**** **** and ******* *** ***** together ***** ***** ***** is * **-** ***-**** egress, ***** **** ***** require.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** **** *****: "*******, with *** **** *** of *** ***, *'* almost ****** ****** * mechanical **** **** * maglock, *** ***** **** conditions."

*** ***** ** ******* has **** ******* / cursed **** * ***** Fire ******* **** *** pretty **** ****** ******** - ****** ** ******* limited *************. ***** *** a **** ** **** because ******* ****'* ********* the ******* ***** ****** with *** **** ***** system. *** **** ****, but **** *** ****** batteries ** *** ***** supply. ******* ***** ** that ***** *** ** egress ******, *** *** was *** *******, *** access ******* ****** *** shut ****, *** **** alarm *** ***** ***, the ******** ***** *** power ******* ** *** backup *********, ****** ******'* get ***, *** ************ couldn't *** ** ******* there *** ** *** switch ** ***** ***** to **** ***** ** the ********. **** ******* power ** *** ******** didn't ****. ***'* *** I ***** ***.

**** ********* ********** *** allowed ** **** **** because ***** ** * reader ** **** ***** of **** ********** ****. There *** ** ****** batteries *******, *** **** is ********** **** *** power ********, *** *** placed ** ******* **/*.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** * ****** statement *** ***** **** keep ****** **** **** of ******* ******** ** use.

** *** ****** **** a ******* ******** *** on *** ***** *** put ** **** ******** correctly **** *** **** no ******** ***** ******* hardware.

**** ** ***.

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Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 1
Funny

** *** ****** **** a ******* ******** *** on *** ***** *** put ** **** ******** correctly **** *** **** no ******** ***** ******* hardware.

** ********, * ********** know ****** ** ********** that ***** ** ********** by ****.

* ***** **** ** hyperbole. ***** ** ** reason *** ** ********** installing ****** ***** ** reassemble * ******* ******* to ***** ******** ***** their *****.

******, ** **** ** an ********** ***** ****** to **** * ******* respect *** **** ******** and ***** *********** ** the ******* ********, **** goes * **** ***.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

"

**** ** * ****** statement *** ***** **** keep ****** **** **** of ******* ******** ** use.

** *** ****** **** a ******* ******** *** on *** ***** *** put ** **** ******** correctly **** *** **** no ******** ***** ******* hardware.

**** ** ***."

**, ** '**** *** done' *** ** *** allowed ** *** *****'* opinions, ***** ** *** industry? ** **** **** likely *** ****** *** anyways ** ****** **** warranty *** ****** ********* but ** ** ***** nice ** *** **** others *****. *** ** though * ********** **** mindset; **** *** **** better.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** ****, ** reply *** *** ***** to ** ********* ** those *** *** ********* its **** * ********* based **** ** ***********.

****** *** ****, **** is ***** ***** ** do **. **** ******** can ** ****** *** the ************* *** ****** bigger ******** ** *** long *** *** **** more $$$. * ******* often ** ******* ******** stuff, ************ ** ******** threads ****** ** ***** my *********** ** **** a ******* ******** *** End ****. * ********* have ** ****** ****** that * *** **** in * ********* ******* then **** ** *** other ******* ** **** so ** ******** *** not ***** ** ***.

* ****** **** ** butcher **** ******** **** then * ******* ******** by *** ****** * described ***** ** **** a *****. * *** asked ** ** * simple ******** ****** *** struggled ** ** ****** dumped ** ** *** floor *** **** ** one ** *** *** reference ** *** ******* effort. *** ***** *** made *** ** ****** with ** ** ***** later ***** *****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

***** *****. *****-*** *** the ***********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* *** ** * bit *********** ** *****, one ** ** ***** qualities **** *** :-) I ***** *** ** be ***** ** **** of ******* **** * share ** ********, ********* my ******* *** ** misconstrued ** **********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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