Access Control Cabling / Wiring Tutorial

By Brian Rhodes, Published Sep 29, 2021, 10:37am EDT

Cabling is a fundamental element of access control systems and ensuring one has the appropriate cabling is key.

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In this note, we examine:

  • Reader wire
  • OSDP vs Wiegand wiring differences
  • Resistors requirement
  • Controller wire
  • Locks & DPS wire
  • Which wire gauge to use
  • Bundling wires
  • Riser vs Plemum
  • Installing wires

Defining *** ******* ******

****** ******* ******* *** three ******* ** ***** data ******* **********:

  • ********, ** **-***** *******
  • ********* ******-********* ******* (***** RS-485)
  • ******** *******

**** ******** ******* ********* use **** *******, ** the ********** ** *** door (*.*., ******* ** door ******** ********) ***** are ********* **** ** the ********** ** ***.

**** ******* ************ ****** which **** ** ******* to ***, ********* ** which ****** ** ***** installed. ** ******* *** three **** ****** **** types, *** ***** **** are **** ** ******, below:

Reader **** (*-* ********* *****)

*** ******* ****** *******, wires *** ****** *** connecting********************.

*** ******** **** *******-**** of ******, **** **** handles * ******** ********* or ********. *****, ******* functions (**** ******, ****** beeper, ** ****** ****) may *** ***** *** wire, *** ***** **** power *** ***** **** are ******** ***** **** conductor *****.

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*************, ****** **** ***** generally ********* *** ******** of ********** *****. *** example, ***** ** ***** red & *****, **** is ********* ***** & white, *** ***** ******** like ****, ******, ** LED ***** *** ******** for ***** *******.

****'* *** ******* ** these *********** ** ************ for ****** *******:

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OSDP ****** **********

*** ****, *** ****** of ********** ***** ** often ******* ** * or *, **** *** assigned **** ***** **** carrying *** ***** ******** (like *** ***** *** tamper).

*** ******** *********** *** this*** ****** ** **************** ****** ** ***** are ******** ** * pigtail. *** **** ******, the '***/*****' **** (**-* terminal) *** '***' (**-*) connectors *** ********* *** OSDP:

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****** *******, ***** ***** and ***** *** ************ colors, **** **** ****** are ***, ******* ** installer *********.

OSDP Controller ********* ******** ********

** ****, *********** ********* call *** *** *** of ********* ** **** readers, ********** ** **** cable/ ***** ******* ****** runs ** ***** *** may ** * *******:

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***** '***-**-****' ********* *** not ******** **** ********* alarms, ********* **** *** reader *** ** ****** is *** ******* **** Wiegand *** *** ********* an **********, ****** *******, additional ****.

Controller **** (******** ** * **** ***)

**** ***** ** ******** used ******* *** **** control ***** *** **** controller *** *** ***** long ********* ** * result. **** ******* ******* '******* ** ****' devices****** ******** *********** ***** ***** **** type.

****** ******** ******* ********* that ***** **** ** 100 ******, ***** *********** can **** ********* ** feet ***** *** **** cable ****. ** **** cases, * ***** ** cabling ******* **** ****, but ** ** ***** best ** *** ********* type *** ************ **********, as **** ******* *** product ********** ***** ****** on ********** ** *************:

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***** ** ** ******* of ** ******** ********* controller *** *** *** RJ-45 **** ** ********* located **** ***** ****** types:

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Lock & *** **** (* ****)

**** ***** ** ********* used ** ******* ***** to *******, **** ********, strikes, ** ***** ********* devices **** *********** *** Push *******. ********** *** also *** ** ** wire ******* *******, **** position *******, *** ******* for */* ****** *********.

***** ***** *********** *** often **** * ***** and *** **** ** a ******* **** **** a ******, **** **** maglock *****:

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Drain/Shielding *****

**** **** ******* ******* are ******** **** '*****' wires *** *** **** a **** ****** ** a '*****' **/*** ***********. The ***** **** **** as * ******** **** for ******* ************ ****** the ****** *** ***** maintain ************ ******* ******/********** or **********/*****.

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*** ****, **** ******** **** *** ****** Control ****** ********.

Which ***** ** ***?

**** *****, ** *********, is * *** ****** determined ** ***** *** distance, *******, *** ******** draw. *** ************ ********* the ****'* ******** *****. The **** ****** ****** chosen ** ****** ******* are **, **, **, and ** *** *****. In *******, ******* ******** and ****** ********* **** for ****** ******** **** (lower *** ******). **** component *** ******* ********* wiring, *** *** ***** specification *** ****** ********* to *** ***** ********/**** of ******* ****.

Combining ******

****** ** *******, ***** a ****** ***** ********* connects * ******, ** access-controlled **** ******** ******* different ***** ** ******. For *******, ***** ***** be * * ********* bundled **** * *** a *. **** *** a *** ******** ** common ************:

  • **/*: **** *****
  • **/*: ****** *****/*************
  • **/*: *** *******/***
  • **/*: ****/***** ******** ********

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*** ******** ************* ** cables ******* ** *** mix ** ******* **** at *** ****. *******, the ****** ** ***** typically **** *** ****** 4 ** * *****, and ** **** *****, multiple ******* ********* *** ******* *** be ********* ** *** same ****.

Factory ******* ** ***

***** ************ *** ** delivered ** * ******* bundle ** ******** ** the ********* *******.

**** ******* ********* ***** factory ******* ****** ******** of *** ****** ********** and ****** ** *** factory ******* ******** ** sealed **** * ****** jacket. *** ***** ***** is ** ******* ** a ******* ******* *** the ***** ** ***** it ********:

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****** *******:***** **** ************** ** bundle ****** *** *********, they ********* **** **** per **** ****** **** separate ****** ****** ******** manually. **** *** ******* below:

  • *,*** **** ** ******* Bundled ***** @ ~$*,*** or ***** $*.** *** foot.

******** *******:******* **** ** *** feet ********** ** ************ pieced ******:

  • **/* @ $***
  • **/* @ $**
  • **/* @ $**
  • **/* @ $***

*****: ~$***, ** ***** $1.05 *** ****. ***** individual ******* ****** * savings ** ~$*.** *** foot.

***** ******** ******* ********* favors ********* ********, ******* bundles ****** ***** *****. A ***** **** ** thumb ** * ** 3 ***** *********** **** per *** **** *** bundling ****** *******, ****** a *** ******* ******* to ***.

Factory ******* **** & ****

***** **** ****** *** unit ******, ******* ******* cables **** ****** **** to ********. ***** **** improving ******* *****, ****** a ****** ****** ** wires **** ****** *** protecting *** ***** ****** than ******** *******.

*******, ******** ********** ** bundles *** *********, *** proper ************* ** *********. Furthermore, *** ***** **** uses *** **** '***' of *******, *** *** bundle *** ****** ******* openings.

************, ********* ** *** installed ******** ** **** components, ********** ****** *** need ** ** *** separately **** * ****** regardless.

Riser ** ****** *******

***** ************ ** ***** vapors *** * *******, specifically **** ****** *** run ** ******-*** ****** spaces ** ******* ****** of *********, ***** ** Plenum ***** ****** *** typically ******** ** ****.

** *******, ********** ****** use ****** ***** ***** when:

  • ******* **** ** ** on ********:************* *** '** ** touches ******, ** **** be ****** *****', ** even ****** *** ******* a **** *** **** be *** *****.
  • ******* **** **** ****** overhead ********: **** ** ***** overhead **** *****, ** still *** ** ** exchange ****** ******-********. ** ******** ********** into************* ** ******* *****, it ****** ** *** active. *******, ** ***** furnace ***** ** ****** vents *** *******, *** space ****** ******** * CMP *****.
  • ******* ******* ******: *** *** ** used ** ***** ** CMR ** ******.

*******, ***** ****** *** used ** *** ******* application:

  • ******* ******* ******: ****** ******* ** or **** ** ******** floors ****** ** *** rated, *** *** ******* designated ******** ** *****.

***** ***** ***** *** be **** ** '******* purpose' *** ***-***** ******, it ****** ** **** in ****** ************ *** tends ** ** ****** higher **** ***** *********. Utility *** *** ** limited *** **** ****** in **** ****** *********** for ****** *****.

*** ****** ********** ** both ***** *** ******** for ******* ******* ********, but ** ******* ********** like ********* ** ***** wires *** ********, **** must **** ** *********.

*** ****,*** *** ***** ** the ****** & ***** cabling *****:

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************

******* ****** ** *** door *** ****** ********** is ********** **** ******* than ******** ******** ********.

*** **** *** *** overall ****** ** ****** greater, *** *** ********* they *** ** *** also ******* **** *** in *********-**-****** *********. ****, the ************ ** ***** and ****** **** *******, and ******* ****** ** feet ** *** **** can ** **** ****-********* than ******* ******** ** feet ** ***** ***** or ********.

** ******* *** ******* door *******, ********** **** often *** ** ******* the **** *** **** window ******. **** *** example ** * ******** glass '***** *****' **** opening, ******** ** ******** thin ****** ***** ***** and '*****'. ****** **** taking *** ******** ***** from *** ********** ** components, * ****** **** crossing ******** ***** *** frames **** ** *****, extending ******* ***** ******* and ************ *****.

5-8 ***** ****** ********** *******

IPVM Image**** **** **** ********** devices *** ******* ******* at *** ******* *** even * ****** ******** door.

**** **** ** ***** when ******** **** ****** not ** ***** *****, and ******* ****** ** tight ****** ** * manual *** ****-********* *******.

**** *** ******* **** to *** ***** *** notice *** ********** **** install *** ******* *** each ** *** **** devices ** ******* ***** and ***** ********:

  1. ******
  2. *******
  3. **** ******** ******
  4. ***/***
  5. *** **********

Other *******

****** ******* ******* *** encounter ******** ***********. *** example, ****** ******* ** frequently *** ** ****** contact **** ***** ******, and **** **** *** require **** ********* ********** specifications (*.*., ***** ******/ conduit ** ******* ******) than ******** *****.

******* ****** ***** ** the ******** *********** ** firewalls ** ******* *******. In **** *****, ******* is *** ** ***** drilling ** **** ******* a ***** ****, *** this ** *********** **** access ******* ************. ******** through * **** *** require* ****-***** ************ *** *** ** a****-***** ********* ****-**** *** *****.

***** *** ******** ** make * *********** *** be ******** **** ********** inspection ** *** ***** cable ***. ***** ************ vary ** ************,******** **** *** ***** * ******* ***** step.

[****: **** ***** *** originally ******* ** **** but ************* ******* ** 2021.]

Comments (6)

** **** ** * bid *** *** ****** should **** *** ******. We ****** ****** *** architect ** ******* ***** type ** ** *** inspector *** * ******* it *** *** ***** to ** *** ******* as **** ** ** followed *** *****. **** though ** ** **** expensive * ***** ***** commerical ********* ***** **** call *** ****** *** not ***** ***** ******* were ***** *** ** used.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ** *** ******* floors?

** *******, ********** ****** use ****** ***** ***** when:

  • ******* ******* ******: *** *** ** used ** ***** ** CMR ** ******.

*******, ***** ****** *** used ** *** ******* application:

  • ******* ******* ******: ****** ******* ** or **** ** ******** floors ****** ** *** rated, *** *** ******* designated ******** ** *****.
Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ****** ***** ** usual. **** **** ** have * ******** **** wanting * ****** *** lock ** ****** *** a ********* *****. *** typically ***'* **** **** much *********** *** ***** labor *** **** *** running *** ********** ****** to * **** ******* of **** ***. **** when *** ******** ***** wants *** *** *** rex ***** ***** *****'* cost **** * *** or **** **** ***** the ******** *** *** next ****** ******** ***** devices.

**** ***** ***** ***** multiple ********** ***** ******* to *** ****. ** this *** * ***'* understand *** ******* ***** want ** *** **** type ** ********** ** this ******. **** ** a *** ** ***** work.

* **** ***'* ********** why *** ***** **** to ***** * *********** above *** ****. **** this ***** ** ******* cost *** ** *** long *** *** ***** time ** ***** *** servicing **** ********* **** pale ** ********** ** just ******* ***** **** to * ******* ********.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** ***'* ********** why *** ***** **** to ***** * *********** above *** ****. **** this ***** ** ******* cost *** ** *** long *** *** ***** time ** ***** *** servicing **** ********* **** pale ** ********** ** just ******* ***** **** to * ******* ********.

***** **** ****, *** only **** **** ** better *** ** ** a ******* ********* ** something ******* **** * or * ***** ***** the **** ** * central ***** ***** ** hundreds ** ****** ****. 99% ** ********* **** IDF ***** ****** *** meters ** *** ***** on * ***** *** days *** ********** ******* so **-******** ****** *********** in *** ***** ***** complete *****.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ********** ** * POE ****** ** *-**** controller ***** *** **** is ********, *** **** eventually **** ** *********** headaches, ********** **** *** factor ** ******* ** replacing * ****** ******* in *** *********. * will ****** ** * proponent ** ******* ********** back ** *** ***.

* ** **** * fan ** ********* *****. Coil *** ****** ********** above *** **** *** you **** ** ***** for ******** *** ******** wants ** *** ** the ******. * ***** also ********* ******* * Cat6 ***** **** *** composite *** * ****** camera ** *** ****.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ******* (** *****) Brian. ***** *** *** your *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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