The Biggest Thing That Worries Me About IP Camera Systems

I got into IP camera systems because I wanted to see better video quality than traditional analog cameras could provide. I love that a single cable can provide video, audio, power and camera control. However the thing that worries me the most about IP camera systems is security vulnerabilities.

Every day I read news reports of criminals and government agencies, at home and around the world, hacking into computer and phone networks. I hate the idea of strangers hacking into IP camera systems and looking at my business or home. Even worse, cloud storage must be a honey pot for hackers as breaking into one facility would potentially provide access to video surveillance of hundreds or thousands of customers. I wonder how often some dodgy character unscrews an external IP camera, plugs the Ethernet plug into a laptop and sniffs around to see what they can find on the internal network? Analog cameras never provided such an easy way to "look" inside someone's building or network.

In the ongoing quest to produce IP cameras with the most features and at the lowest possible price, I wonder just how many resources are put into ensuring the cameras have the best possible security features and are exhaustively tested for vulnerabilities?

I'd be interested in any comments about how other members determine if an IP camera has excellent or only average security features and if it's possible to find out how well they have been tested for security vulnerabilities.

What do you do to keep your IP systems secure? Is it too far-fetched to consider unplugging IP camera systems from the Internet?

Do HDCVI camera systems have an inherent security advantage over IP camera systems with only the DVR being at risk from outside attack?

I wonder if IPVM might consider a course on IP security for IP camera systems and/or access control systems? I'd certainly sign up. Thank you in advance for your collective wisdom on this topic.

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** ***** ****** ******* **** ** ******** ******** ********* **** IP ****** ******* **** **** *** *** ***** ** **** from ******* ******?

"****".

** ********, **** * *** *** ***-** *******, *** **** have * ***** ** ************* (*** ********) ******* ** *, 9, **, ***. (*.*., ******** + **** ** ******).

"*** **** ********* *** *** **** ******** *** ******* **** the **** ******** ******** ******** *** *** ************ ****** *** vulnerabilities?"

** *******, *** * ***. ****'* *** *** *** ******* reported ****** - ***:******* *-****, ***** *************- ***** *** ********** ******* ** ******* * ***** ****?

"** *******, *** * ***. ****'* *** *** *** ******* reported ******"

**** ******** ** ******* **** ***** ** ****** *******. * wonder ** ***** ** * *** ** *** **** *** higher ******** ********* ** ** ****** *******? * **** ****** how ****** ********* *** ********** ***** ** *** ********* ** camera ******* ******* ****** ** **** *** ** ***** *** likely ** ** ******** ***************? **** ** ***** ** ***** be ******* ** **** * ******** ** *** ** ********* which ** ****** ******* ****** **** ** ******* **** ********** in *** ******** ** *** *******.

** ***, * **** ******* ***** ***** **** ***** :)

* **** ****** ** ** ****** ** ***** ****** ** only ****** ** *********** ** ******** *** *** *********, ****** the ***. ** *** *** ******* ********* ****** ***/** ****** of ** ******* ********* ** ** ***, *** *** **** has ** ********* ******* ********* ********** *** ****** ******** ******** but *** **** **** ** ***** ******** ******** ******* ** patch ********* *************** ** ******* ****** ******, ** ******** ** the ***. **'* * *** **** **** **** ****** ******* and * **** ***** ** ******* ********* ** ******** ** important ******** ******* ** ****** ** *** ******. *********** **** problem ** *** **** **** **** ************ ** *** **** their ******** ******* ******** ********* ** ***** ******** *** **** through ************. **** ***** ** **** ****** **** ** ***-**** has ********* ******* **** *** *************** ********** ** *** ****** of ******* **** *** *****.

* ***** **** *** * **** ******* *** ** ********** this **** * ***!

***** *** * *** ******* "**** *********" **** *** ** implemented ** ****** **** *******. ****** *** ***** ** ******* unplugging * ******:

- ***** ***, ** ******* ****** ****** **** *** ******* run ******* *******, ** ** ******** *** *** ****** **** in.

- ** *** *******, ***** *** ** *******, ** **** if ******* **** ** **** ******, **** ***** **** **** access *** ******** *******, *** *** *** ********** *******.

- **** ******** (*** *******, *********, ***.) ******* * ******* called ***.**. ***.** ** * ******* ******** **** **** * certificate **** **** ****** ** ** **** ******. **** *********** positively ********** **** ******. *** ******* ** ********** ** **** allow ******* ************ (*******) ** ** *** *******. ****, ** someone **** ** **** ** ** ** ********* ******* ****, say ** * ********** ****, **** ***** ** ****** ****** to *** *******.

- **** ****** ****** **** ******* ** **** *** ******* cables/jacks *** ** *** *******, *** *** **********. **** *** cameras, ********* ****** **** *** * ******* **** ** *** ceiling **** ******* ***** ******. *** ******* *** *** **** popular, *** ** **** *** ****, **** ****** ** **** enough ** **** ******* ***'* ***** ****, ** ******* ** how **** *** ** ** ***.

-******* ******** **** ***** *** ********* ** *** ******* ***/** IP *********. **** *** ****** ** *******, *** ** ** better **** ******* ** ******* * ****** *********.

** *****, ***** *** *** **** **** ** **** *********. In **********, * **** **** **** **** *** *** ** 802.1x.

"* **** *** **** ** ********* ******* **** ** ****** systems *** ******* ** ** ******** ** ****."

*** ***** ****** **** ** ** **** - *** **** importantly, **** ** *** ****** ****? * ***'* **** *** idea ** ********* ******** ***** *** ******* ** ** *** story *******, *** * ***'* ****** **** ***** ** ******* against **, ** *** ********** ** **** ********* ** ****** remote.

"** ***** ****** ******* **** ** ******** ******** ********* **** IP ****** ******* **** **** *** *** ***** ** **** from ******* ******?"

** *** ********** ******** ******** ** ******* '*******' **** ************ system, ***** *** **** *** ****** ** ** **** ** see *** ****** - ***** ** ****, *** '*******' *** ****** **** ******* *** **** *******?

* ***'* **** *** **** ** ********* ******** ***** *** looking ** ** *** ***** *******, *** * ***'* ****** take ***** ** ******* ******* **, ** *** ********** ** this ********* ** ****** ******.

*** **** **** *** ** *** ******* *********. *'** *** windowshades ** ** ****** ***** *******, *** ** ** *** my *********.

** *** ********** ******** ******** ** ******* '*******' **** ************ system...

**'** *** **** ********** ******. **** **** ****, * *****.

** *** ********** ******** ******** ** ******* '*******' **** ************ system...

* ***** * *********** *** ** ** **** ******* ********* hacking ** ******** ********* (********** * ****** *** ********) *** attempts ** ****** ******* *******. *** ****** *** ****** ***** happenned ** ***, *** ****** ******* ***** ***.

** ***, ***** *** *** **** ******** ** *** ********* discussion. ****'* * ***** *** **** ********* *****.

"*** ***** ****** **** ** ** ****" ... "******* **** IP ****** ******* *** ******* ** ** ******** ** ****"?

******* ******* ****** ** ****. *******, ******* **'* * ********* and ***** *** **** **** ***** ** ****** **** ****** love ** *** ** **** *******, ********** ********* *** ***** adults.

********, ** * ******** ****** ** ****** * **** ** building, ******* *** ********* **** ***** **** ** ***** **** to **** * **** **** ****** ******* **** ****** ** enter *** ********. ** ***** ** * *** **** ******* for **** ****** ******. *** ******** ***** **** *** ****** the **** ********* ******** ** ****** *** **** **** **** the ********* **** *** **, *** ******* ****** ** ** anywhere **** *** ******** ***** ***** *********** ************** ***** ** conspicuous. *** ****** **** **** ** ********** *** *********** *** it ******* *******.

*** ********, *********** ******** *** ******** ********* *** **** ******* why ******** ********* ***** ******'* ** ************ ******* **** **** very ********** *** * ********* **** ** ******* ***** ****.

* ********* ***** **** *** *** ** *** **** ** very **** ******* ** ** ***** ****** ** *** *******.

****** ******* **** ** ****** *******. **** *** ** ***** things *** **** *** *** *** ***. *** *** ***** is **** *******. ******* **** ***** *** ******. ** *** think *** ******* ********** ***** *** ********* *******? ** *** think *** *** ***** * *** ****** *******? *** ***** Corporate *********? *** ******** **** ******* ************ *******? *** ** my ********** ******* ****?

**** ** ********. ***** *** *** *** *********** ***** **** been *********** ** *** *****, * ***** **** ********* **** governement ******** **** **** ** ******* ************ *** ***************. **'* just **** *** ***** ********* *****'* **** ****** ** *** act ** ******* ********.

*****'* ********* **** **** *** **** **** ************ ****** ******* work *** ** *********, **** ********** ******** ******* *** *******, the ******* ** ********, **** ****, ****** ** ****-**** ********* towers ** *********, ***** **** ********'* **** ** *** *****, and **** *** ***** *****. * **** ***'* ****** *** they ** **.

*******, *** **** ** ***** **** * ******** ********* **** a **** **** **** **** ********* ***** *******. **** ****** graphics **** ****. ****** ******* *** "*** ***" ****** **** you **** ********.

* **** ******** ** ******* *** ****** ** * ****** of ** ******** *****, *** '******* **' *** ******* ** not ** **** ** ******** ** * ****** ** * spare ******* ****.

**** ********* (*******) ****** ******** **** *** *********, *** *********** testing ** *** * ****** **************. ** *** ** ****, even ** *** *** ***** ***** **********, ******* ****** ** the ***** ******, ******* *** ********/********* ** *** ***** ********, and ***** ** ******* **** **** *** ******.

* ***** **** '**** ******* ******** ********' ********** **** (** not ***) *** ****. *** ** ******** **** ** *******, but **** *** ** ****** ****** **** **** *******/******* ******* are ********* ****. **** **** ****** *** ** ***** ** a **** *** ** ********** *** ****** ******* *******.

**** ********* ********* ****** *** **** **** ** *******: ***, protect *** ******* ** *******, *** ***'* ***** ***** *** risk ** ** ***** ************.

** *****, ***** *** *** **** *******. **** ***** **** that ***** ******** *** **** ************* *** **** ** **** as **** ******** ***'* **** ****** ********* ** ******** ****** their ******* *** *** ************ **** ***** ** ***** ****** to ***** ******* ******** **.

******* ** ************** ********* *** ************* ******* *** *** ** a *** ** ******* *** ********, ******* ***** *** ********* crime-rackets **** ***** *** ********** ******* ** **** ********* *********** etc.

*********, ** **** **% *****, ******** *********** / ********** **** or ****** *** *** *********** **** ** ***** ** ******** the ******** ******* **********.

******* **'* ** ******** ** ** ** **-****-**** ************, ****** basic ******** ******** *** **** - **** ******** ********* ******** access ** *******, ******* ****-** / ****** ************ (******** ****-****?) to ******** ********* ******* *******, ******* **********, ******* ****** / notifications *** *******, *********** **** *****, ******-******* ** ***** ********** systems, ************ / ********* ********-****** ******** ** ******* ********* *** changing ******* *********, ******* *** / ******** ***** ****** *** creating *** ***** **** ****** *********, ***** **** ****** ******* and *** ******* ** ******* ***** ***. *** **** **** on ********* ** **** **** ** ************ ****** *** ***.

** *****, **** ** ***** ** ******** ****** **** *** nothing ** ** **** ** ************ ***** **** ******. ** fact ** *** *** ***** *****, ** ************ *** ** most ****** **** ***** ***** ** ************. * ***** * am ****** * **** ********* ****.

******** **** ** ***** ** * ******* ******* - *** be * ****** ** **/** ******** ***** ** * **** good **** ****. **** **** **** **** ********** / *********** come ** ** ***** ** ** **** *** ******* ******** should ** *****.

* ** ****** **** **** **** *** ******* *** *** step ***** **** ***** ***** **** ** ***** ** ********** IT/IP *********, *** * ****-******** **/** ******** ****** **** ******* a *** ** ******.

***** *** *******, ****'* * **** ******* **** ** ********, tips *** ************.

** **** ***** *********.

*** **** ********* *** *** **** ******** *** ******* **** the **** ******* ******** ******** *** *** ************ ****** *** security ***************?

** *******, **** ** **** ********* *** *** **** *** other ******* ***** *******. ** ****** ***** ** *** ***** product ** *** **** *** ** ****** ***** ** ******* the ***** ** ***** *********. ****** ******* ******** *** ** the **** ******** ** *** ******.

*** ***** **** ** **** ****** **: ** ******* ** the ******. * *** *** ** ** **** *** ******* management *** *********** ******* ****** *** ************. *'* *** ** you **** ** ******** *** ******* ** ******* * ******* from * ****** **** ***** ***** ********, ****** ** *********** brand. **** **** ****** **** **** ** ***** *** *** more ******** **** ***** ***** ***** ********* ** ***** ** win *** ********.

*** ***** **** **** ***** ********* ******* ** ******** ** camera, ***** ** *** ******** **** **** * ****** *** sniffs ****** ** *** **** **** *** **** ** *** internal *******?

* *****, *** *****. ***** ****** ******* **** **** ******* are ****** ** *****. **** *******'* **** ** **** **********. Also ****** ***********, ** ************ ** * *****/**** **** *** more ****** ******* ** **** ******* (*** *******, **** ******* PC). ******* * ******* **** *** ** ******** ** ****** is * **** ******** **** ** ****** ** **'* **** not ***** ** ****** ** ***** ** ***** **** ** accessing **** *******. *** *** ******* ******** ** ******* ** a ******* ******* *** *** ** ******* **** **** *** give *** *** *** ****, ** **** ******** ***.** ***** authentication *** ******* ******.

*** ** *** ********* ** ** ** ****** *** ********* or **** ******* ******** ******** *** ** **'* ******** ** find *** *** **** **** **** **** ****** *** ******** vulnerabilities.

*** *** ****** *** *** ******. **** ****** **** ******** designed ** ******* ******** ******** ***** ***** ********. *** ****** look *** ***** ***** *********** (**** **** ***** ** ******** via ****). *** ****** *** **** ***** ***** ******* ** well ** ***** ***** *** ****** *******.

**** ** *** ** ** **** **** ** ******* ******?

****, ** ** ** ****** *** ***** ** ** *** the **** ****** *** **** ** **** *** ******* ******. There's * **** **** ** **** *********, ******** *** *****, and ** ******** ** ******** ** **** *** ****** **** IP ******* **** ******.

*** ** ******* *** ****** *** **** ******** ************* ******** software *** **** *** ******* *** ********* *******. **** ** about *** ** *** ***** ***** *** *** ** *** can ***** **** ****** ****** * ********** *******. *** *** vendor ** ***** *** ******** *************** *** ****.

***** *** **** ********* **** *** ** **** ****** ** an ****** ******, **** **** ***.** *** ** **** ** partition *** ******** ****** **** *** **** ** *** ** network.

** ** *** *** ******* ** ******** ********** ** ****** systems **** *** ********?

**, *** ** ***. *** ****** ****** ** *** **** doesn't *********** **** *** ***** *******. ** ********** *** ******* of *** ******, *** ** *** ****** **** ** **** it ******, ***'* **** ** **.

** ***** ****** ******* **** ** ******** ******** ********* **** IP ****** ******* **** **** *** *** ***** ** **** from ******* ******?

*** ** ******* (**** ****** ** *****) ***** ****** ******** the ************* ********* ** *** ******. *** ******** **, ** how ****? ** **** *** ** ** *** ******* **** it's ***** * ********* ** * *************. *** **** ** cameras ***'* ******** **** **** ** **** ** *** ** themselves.

*** **** ** ******* ***'* ******** **** **** ** **** in *** ** **********.

******** ** *** ****** *** ***** *** ******** **** **** a *** **, ******** ** **, **** **** ** ********* considerably **** **** * ****** ****** ** ** *******.

**** * ****** **** *** ** ******* **** * ******* of ******* **** **** ******** **** *** *** ********** ******** and ******** ***************, *** **** *** **** *** ***** ** some ********* ******* *** ***** *** *** ** ****. ** opposed ** ******** * ****** ******.

* ******** **** **** * ********/**** ** *** **** ****** than *** **** ** **** ***** *** **** * ********* lock ****. *** ******, *** ***'* **** **** ** *** them ** *** ******* ***.

*******, * *** **** *****. * *** ******* ** ****'* choice ** ***** "**** ******* ******." **** ******* ** ** we're ******* ***** ******** ******** ****** ** ****** *** *******, which ******** * ******** *** **** ****** ** ** *******. With *** ***** **** ********** ****** * ********. ***** ** assumption ** *****, *** *** **** **** ** ******* ***** on **** ******* *****'* **** *** ******* ****** **** ********** to ******* ******. ** *'** ****** ****** ** *** ******* so * *** ****** *** *******, ********* *** ******* ********** don't ** **** ** **** ** ******* *** *******.

***** **** *** ***** ******** ** *** ******** *** **** forwarding, ***., *** ************ *** **** *** *** ***** * juicy ****** ****** ***** *** **** ********* ** ** ******* on **** **** ******* ***** ** **********.

** **** **'** ******* ***** **** ** ******* ***** ***** privacy, **** ***'** *****, **** ** ******* ******** **** **** somebody **** ** **** ** *** **** ***** ******* **** authorization (******** ****'** ******* ******* ******* ** ******* ** **** network).

******, *** *****'* **** ** ****** ** *** **** *** firewall **** *** *******, (****** **'** ******* ***** ********** ******** cables, ***** *'* ***). *** ** ***** ** * *** thru, *** **** ** ******** ***, **** *** ********* (********) lan, **'* * ********* ********. ***** ** *******'* ****** ** begin **** (**** ******?). ** ** *****, * *****.

****, ******** ** ***** ** *** ********* ******/*********** ******** *** big ********* **** (* ****** **** *** *******), *** *** more ****** ******** ** *** ** **** ***** ******* *****, one ***** ******* ** * ****, *** *** ********** ******* penetration ** *********** **** **** ** **** *********** ** ******** just ****** ** ** ********* ******** **** **** *** ******** are **********.

**** ***** *****. ***** * *** ******* ******* *******, * suppose **** ******* **** **** ****** * ******* *** * should **** ******* *** ********** ** **** ***.

**** ** *******!

** *****, ***** *** *** *** **** ***** *******! ** is ********** **** * ***** ***** **** ****, ***** **** to ** **** *********** ******* **** ********* ****** *** ****'* OK ******* * ****** ****** ** **** *** ********'* ******** on *** ***** ** ** ****** ******** ***************.

*'** *** *** ******** ******* ******* ** ** ****, *** only ** *** ******** ** ***** ** ********* ****** ******, but **** ********* *** **** ** ** **** **** ******* their ********** ******** ******* ** ***** ** ****** **** ***********. My ******* *** ****** *** **** * ******* ** ******** security *** *** ******** **** ******** ** ********* ** **** forum.

"*** ** ******* *** ****** *** **** ******** ************* ******** software *** **** *** ******* *** ********* *******."

** *** **** * ********* ******* *** **** ** *** for **** *******?

"**** **** ***.**"

***, **** ***** ** ** * **** **** **** ***** I **** ********. ***** *** *** **** ********** *** ******** replies ** ** **** **** ** *********!

****, *** ** ********, **** ** ******. *** ***** ** to *** ** **** *** ******** *** *** **** **** vs *** ******** *** **** ** **** *** ****** ** task **.

********* ******** *******, **** * *** * ****** ***** *** more ** ***** ****. ** ****'** * ****** ******** ****** they're ****** ********* ********* *** **** **** **** ******* **** compliance **** *********** ********* *** ************* ********* **** ****, *****, PCI, ******, ***. ********** *****'* ***** ********, *** ** **** imply *** ***-**** ******** **** **** *** *** ********* ******* a **** ** **** ***** *** ****** *** ******** ******** built **** ***** ****.

*'* *** ****** *** *** ****** *** "*** *** ** fail" **** **** **** **** **** *** ** ******* **** kind ** ***** *** ****** **** *** ***** ******* ** your ******** ** ****'** ***** ***** **** ****.

* ** ********* ********* * *** ************ *** * ***** system **** ****** **** *******. *** ******* ******** ** **** NVRs **** ** ******** ** **** ** *** ******* **** central ******* ** ****** *** ******. ***** **** ** ** least ** ************ *** **** **** ********.

*** **** ******* **** **** *** ** **** ******** ** network ********. **** *** *** **** ********* ******** ********* **** which *** **** ****** ******* ********** (** ******* ** *** school's ******** ** ********* ************)? **** ** **** **** * would *** *** **** *** "***********" ****** **** ** * minimum.

*****: **** ****** *** * ******** ******* *******, ** ** most ** ******* ****** ** *** ********'* ******** ******* ********* all ***** ***** *****? * ***** ** ****** **** ****** based ** *** ****** ** ************* ***** **.

* ********** *** ***** **/**. * **** *** ******* **** dozens ** ******** ** ******* ** * ********** ******** *******, and * **** **** **** ** ******** *****, *** * have **** **** *** ********. ***** ******* ** *** *** system *******, *** ** ** *********** **** **. * ******* addition.

**** ** **** *** ** ** ** ******* ** * seperate *******, *** ****** **** **** ******** **** ****** **** installation **** **** *****. *** ********* *** **** ******* ***** own *** ******** *** *** **** ** ***** ***** ** needing ** ********* ***** ***** ******** *** *******, ***...

** **** **** ****** ** **** ****** ** ******* ****** performance *** ********.

**** ** **** ***** **** ** **********...

** ** ******* ** ****** **** ***** ***** ** **** of *** ********* ****** ****?

****'* ********* ******** ** ******* **** ******** ********* ***** **** poll *** *****? ****'* **** ** ******* **********. ** ****, a ******** ******* *** **** ********. ** *** ***** ****'* still ****?

****'* ********* ******** ** ******* **** ******** *********...?

*** ** ******* *********** **********? ** ******* ** ********* **** MJPEG ** *.***? ** *** ***** ********* ** *** **** driver ** ******** ********?

**** **** ** *****, * ******* ********* *** **** ******** upward, ****** ******* ********** *** ******* **** **. ** ****, the ***** **** ** ** **** *** ** *** ****** and *** *** ******** *** ************ ****** ** *****/***:** ****** *********** **** ******** ****

*** ***** *** **** ** ***** ********* ************ **** ********* as * ***** *********** ** ******* ********--** **** *** ****** network ********* *** ******** ** ** ** **** *** **** 100M. *** * ***'* ***** *** *** ********* ************ *** the ** ***** ********* *** **** ****..

***, ********** ********* *** *** ******* ***** *** ****** ******** / *****, *** *********. * ********* ******* ******* **** ***** to ******* ************* ** **** *****.

**** **** * **** *****, ************ ******* ******* ******** *** cut **** *** ******** ** **** *****/****** ** *** ** a ***** ************ ******. ** * *** **, * ***** tend ** ** **** *** **** ** ********** *** ******** first *** ***** ******** ******* ***** **** *** ******* ** a *** ******** *** *** ********* ******* **** ******** ****. Only *** ******** **** ** *** ******* *** **** *** client **** ** *** ********.

** *** ******** ********. **** **** ****** **** *** ** don't. **** ****** ******* (** ** *** **** ***), *** Nest ****. ** ****** **** ***** **** *** **** ********.

*** **** ******** ** ** *** * *** **** ******** a ****** ***. *** ******** **** *** *** ********* ** address, *** ** ******* ** *** *******, *** *** ***** to ******* ** *** **** ** *** *******. *** ******* are **** ********* **** *** ********. ** **** ** **** having ** *** ******.

*****, **** ** *** **** * ****** *** **** ** two ** *** ***? ***** *** ******* *** ***** *****? Or ****** ******* **** *** ****** **** ***** * ********?

** ***** **** **** ********* * ***** *** ** *** an ******** ******. *** ** **** **** **** ******** ** that ****** ******.

***** ****** *** ***********. * ********** ********'* ******** *** *******. We ** * *** ** ***** ****** *** ** ******* and **% ** *** **** ********* *** ** ****** ******* from *** ******** *******. ******** **** **** ***** *** *** switch ***** ** ***** **** **** **** ** ** *** plug *** **** *** ****** *********** **********. * ** *** curious *** ****** **** **** *** **** ****** ** ** if ** ** **** ********* ** ***** *****. * ** realize **** * ****** ** *** ******* ******* ***** *********** lead ** ****** ***** ***, ** **** *****, **** *** the ***** ** * ******** ** ** **** *** ** obtain ******. ** **** *** ******* ** ** **** ***, gaining ******** ****** ** *** ******* *** ************* **, **** are ***** ** *** **** **** *** ***** ** ****** what ***** *** ***** ** ******* **. * **** ********** physical ****** ********** ***** ** **** ********* ****, ** ****** have ******, *********** ******* ******** ******** ** ******* ****** ******.

*'* *** **** ** ****** *** ********* ****, *** **** DVR, ***, *** *** ******* **** * ************ ** */* function **** ****** ******* (** ******* *****) ** ***** ** an ******* ** *** ******. ************, ** * ****** **** to ** ********* (**** ****) ** ***** ******* ****** ** the ******* **********, **** ** ***** ***** ** **** ** either * ********** ******* ** ** ***-****. ***** *'* **** simplifying ****, *** ** ** ****...******* ******!

**** *********, ****** **** ** **** ** *** ******** ** pros *** **** **** ****, *** ** ***** *********, ****'** likely *** ******* ***** ******** **** ***** **** *** ******* room. *** ********* **** **** ***** ****** ** ********** **, I ***** ****** ** **** * ****** ***** ** ******* security ******** *** * ********* ******* ******** ****.