How Do Unions Impact Integrator Profitability?

A member asked a question about unions and how they impact integrators:

I want to know if integrators in heavily union controlled areas make more or less margins on jobs. I see that projects in right to work states have a lower cost. In union states, most sub out the labor. So, they lose that part of the sale even though they mark it up. I usually see a 15% mark up on union labor. I also see more union electricals getting in the business.

Anyone with experience in union areas able to provide feedback / insights?

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