Chesapeake & Midlantic | 01/14/14 02:37pm
Good quality Cat6 is enough, if your equipment is properly grounded and isolated. Ground all your networking equipment, ground the server or NVR, and run everything through UPSes. That'll eliminate or mitigate almost all possible sources of interference. Worse case scenario, you may have to ground the cameras themselves.
And stay away from power lines and light fixtures, especially fluorescent lights. Four feet or so should be enough. You can cross a BX or Romex if you must, but don't tie-wrap to or run in the same chase as power lines, and try not to run comm lines parallel to electrical lines, either (unless you're more than 4 feet away, in which case, go nuts).
IPVMU Certified | 01/14/14 08:23pm
Thanks for linking to all those articles!
Ari offers some good pragmatic advice here.
I am not suggesting this is academically correct, but here is how I chose when to use Shielded cable or not:
1. What does the manufacturer tell me? Does this vendor give me guidelines when/when not to use shielding? Some manufacturers are very explicit in defining when/where shielding should be used (eg Axis: Is it outdoors? Then use STP), and they can point to an installation nonconformity as 'an out' during troubleshooting or even warranty issues.
2. How close is my cable to a source of interference? (ie: machinery, light fixtures, big deltas in electrical distribution) If my cable is running atop florescent light fixtures, I weigh the cost of shielding vs. (re)running cable using bridle hooks 3' - 4' away instead.)
With that said, typically STP wasn't used until troubleshooting began. If a camera returned poor video, and it was confirmed to NOT be the camera's issue, then rerunning shielded cable between the camera and switch was worth trying before ripping out a switch or spending tons of hours with a camera, server, or VMS manufacturer.
Thanks for the replies.
If I can be a bit more specific, I'd like to get some input for the scenario pictured below. If I can get a sense of what is needed here, then I can figure out the rest. First, I have already tried to find alternative paths, but there is no better way around this. I need to get my Cat6 cable down the rafter and out the opening in the background. FYI, the large PVC conduits feed the electricity to a large industrial equipment room. I would like to stick with running just Cat6 UTP, but if this scenario requires metal conduit or STP, then I'm pretty much committed to using it everywhere since there are varying levels of this condition around every corner.