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IP Cameras

IP cameras are widely seen as the future of video surveillance. Unlike traditional analog security cameras that require a dedicated cable to connect the camera to video management systems, IP cameras can connect to standard computer networks, allowing dozens of IP cameras to be transmitted over the same cable to any location with Internet access and sufficient bandwidth. As of 2009, though widely promoted, only 1 out of every 5 buyers choose IP cameras. In the next 3 to 7 years, IP cameras are projected to be the dominant camera type selected. However, there are still key challenges for IP cameras and you must understand IP camera advantages and disadvantages before purchasing. If you do choose IP cameras and currently have analog cameras, you will need to determine how to migrate from analog to IP cameras (an often complex and costly process especially because there are no standards for IP cameras).

Most Recent Coverage on IP Cameras
Camera AoV / Focal Length Comparison on Nov 24, 2015
"Use the IPVM Camera Calculator to better understand the tradeoffs between different Angle of View..."
How a Security Camera is Made on Nov 18, 2015
"While in China, we toured factories, seeing how cameras were made. In the 15 minute video inside..."
IP Camera Trolling - Cybersecurity Showcase on Nov 09, 2015
"If you want to convince your customers about the importance of cybersecurity and the risk of bein..."
Network Connectors for IP Cameras Guide on Nov 05, 2015
"Fewer installation tasks are as nuanced as terminating cables and attaching connectors. Fortunate..."
IP Camera Bootup Shootout 2015 on Nov 04, 2015
"IP cameras, like PCs, take some time to boot up. And just like PCs, the amount of time can vary g..."
New Camera Course 2016 on Nov 02, 2015
"The 2016 Camera Course is now opened, adding new material to cover new technology trends within t..."
Network Cabling for Video Surveillance Guide on Oct 30, 2015
"In this 14 page guide, we teach the fundamentals of network cabling for video surveillance networ..."
BestMatch Any Camera Manufacturer on Oct 22, 2015
"BestMatch is IPVM's exclusive camera comparison algorithm, that shows what cameras have the close..."
The 4MP Shootout - Dahua vs Hikvision on Sep 30, 2015
"4MP cameras are an important emerging trend in video surveillance, aiming to replace 1080p. This..."
Axis YouTube Livestreaming Camera App Tested on Sep 25, 2015
"Broadcasting live video has historically been complex and costly, with manual setup and pric..."
Camera Calculator Data Export Released on Aug 25, 2015
"Pick the manufacturer and model you want. Name the camera. Add notes. Get the right FoV, coverag..."
Lowest Priced Auto Focus Cameras on Aug 06, 2015
"Auto-focus has historically been regarded as a high-end feature, found on expensive cameras. But ..."
Surveillance Design Training Class on Jul 23, 2015
"In this webinar, we demonstrated how to better design video surveillance systems using the IPVM c..."
Smart CODEC Guide on Jul 21, 2015
"Smart codecs are a next 'big thing'. With cameras having more and more processing power ava..."
Pros and Cons - Automating Firmware Updates on Jul 01, 2015
"Firmware and software updates are one of the most tedious tasks in surveillance, so why not make ..."
Camera Edge Storage / Recording Tutorial on Jun 29, 2015
"~70% of IP cameras allow storing video onboard, at the 'edge', typically through the use of SD ca..."
Ranking The Lowest Cost True Minidomes on Jun 10, 2015
"Minidomes are popular. But lots of manufacturers fake being truly mini. To help surveillance pr..."
Ex-Arecont Leaders Launch Super Resolution Startup on Jun 05, 2015
"Innovation in video surveillance is weak. The 'big' thing is either lower prices or crowdsourcin..."
Corridor Mode Tested on Jun 03, 2015
"HD 'widescreen' aspect ratios are increasingly becoming the norm for video surveillance cameras, ..."
Anything But Arecont, Avigilon, Axis: A New Feature on May 15, 2015
"Many of you want to find the right cameras but have a short list of manufacturers you simply refu..."
Ranking The Lowest Cost Outdoor Cameras 2015 on May 14, 2015
"Outdoor cameras can be expensive. In our last study of this segment, the variation amongst manufa..."
The $100 MP Era is Here on May 13, 2015
"The video surveillance industry has entered a new era. This era is disrupting the bigg..."
IP Camera Failure Rates on May 05, 2015
"This research answers: What percentage of IP cameras are dead on arrival? What is the average..."
Resolution: 4K vs 2160p vs 8.3MP on Apr 24, 2015
"4K, 2160p and 8.3MP all basically refer to the same 'thing', just different dimensions of it. Wh..."
Gain / AGC for Video Surveillance Guide on Apr 23, 2015
"Gain control is a critical, though often overlooked, factor in low light surveillance video. It i..."
Small Chinese Manufacturers at ISC West on Apr 20, 2015
"There were ~100 small Chinese, Taiwanese and Korean vendors with tiny booths at ISC West 2015. I..."
IP Network Setup Guide for Surveillance on Apr 06, 2015
"In this guide, we teach the fundamentals of setting up an IP video surveillance network, taking f..."
Testing Messoa 3MP LPC Camera on Apr 02, 2015
"License plate recognition has historically required specialized cameras with limited general surv..."
Favorite Network Switches for Surveillance 2015 on Mar 24, 2015
"5 manufacturers stood out as integrator favorites for network switches from more than 140 votes /..."
The End of CCDs on Mar 17, 2015
"'Everybody' knows that CCDs provide better image quality and low-light performance. Alas, beware..."
NMAPing IP Cameras on Mar 05, 2015
"The Hikvision hack has increased security concerns. Indeed, most users do not know whether they ..."
Camera Course Spring 2015 Opened on Feb 27, 2015
"This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology..."
Super Low Cost Chinese Camera Shootout on Feb 25, 2015
"The 'Chinese' are the industry's #1 threat (or opportunity depending on one's perspective). ..."
Bandwidth Guide for Video Networks on Feb 23, 2015
"Bandwidth is the most fundamental element of computer networking for video surveillance systems. ..."
Default IP Camera Addresses - 14 Manufacturer Directory on Feb 13, 2015
"Initializing IP cameras can be tedious and frustrating, made worse because manufacturers have no ..."
BestMatch Camera Software Released on Feb 09, 2015
"Our new camera comparison algorithm, BestMatch, enables you to find the best camera for your need..."
Network Addressing for Video Surveillance Guide on Feb 04, 2015
"The goal of this guide is to explain addressing devices on IP networks, focusing on how IP camera..."
Simplicam Facial Recognition Tested on Jan 23, 2015
"Facial recognition, available for $150? That's the offer from a startup, Simplicam, who has..."
Camera Size Search Engine on Jan 22, 2015
"Small cameras are highly desirable. And manufacturers want to deliver them - minidomes, microdom..."
PoE Guide for IP Video Surveillance on Jan 09, 2015
"This guide provides comprehensive explanations of the elements in selecting, using Power Over Eth..."
IP Cameras Inside Light Bulbs: A New Market? on Jan 07, 2015
"Poor lighting is a common problem for video surveillance. To solve this, a big trend in the past..."
IP Camera Power Consumption Guide on Dec 24, 2014
"How much power an IP camera consumes is important, especially since most PoE switches have limite..."
Here are the Manufacturers that Do and Do Not Support Corridor Mode on Dec 23, 2014
"A lot of integrators like corridor mode. This functionality is sometimes called 'hallway mode' o..."
2015 IP Camera Book on Dec 15, 2014
"This is the best, most comprehensive IP camera training in the world, based on our unprecedented ..."
Average Pricing Calculator Released on Dec 09, 2014
"How much should you expect to pay for a 1080p dome or a 3MP outdoor bullet or a camera from Axis?..."
Tracking Integrated IR Camera Max Range on Dec 05, 2014
"Integrated IR has become a very popular option for cameras, with more than 30% of cameras IPVM tr..."
Lux Rating / Minimum Illumination Guide on Dec 04, 2014
"Lux ratings are one of the worst specifications to use in selecting cameras. You need to be abl..."
Resolution vs Compression Tested on Nov 24, 2014
"They are not the same thing. Unfortunately, too many industry people conflate them. Worse, reso..."
Camera DNR (Digital Noise Reduction) Guide on Nov 20, 2014
"Bandwidth spikes are a significant video problem. An IPVM study found 250 - 500% increase in ban..."
Camera Lens Finder Released on Nov 18, 2014
"Need a camera with a 100° AoV or greater? Want a camera with a built in 20mm lens? Looking ..."
Focal Lens Length Tutorial on Nov 17, 2014
"3mm, 6mm, 2.8 - 9mm, 5 - 50mm, etc. Camera specifications often list lens lengths but what do th..."
Calculating 180 and 360 Camera Coverage on Nov 11, 2014
"The key challenge in designing and using 180 and 360 cameras is to determine how far can they del..."
WDR Manufacturer Cheat Sheet and Camera Tracking on Nov 11, 2014
"Manufacturers are regularly cryptic about what WDR support they actually provide. They invent ma..."
Testing Bandwidth vs Low Light on Nov 07, 2014
"Bandwidth and low light can be a bad combination. Despite many assuming / calculating bandwidth ..."
Camera Finder Released on Nov 03, 2014
"The new Camera Finder revolutionizes camera selection. Search across 2100+ cameras for 40 criter..."
H.265 IP Camera Chip Announced (Ambarella) on Oct 28, 2014
"Surveillance professionals have been talking about, and wanting H.265 for approaching 2 years. To..."
IP Camera Passwords - Axis, Dahua, Samsung on Oct 15, 2014
"IP cameras are famous / infamous for weak default passwords that can lead to major problems. See ..."
Training Class on IPVM Camera Calculator on Oct 06, 2014
"Learn how to properly visualize, design and specify cameras using the industry leading IPVM camer..."
Testing IP Camera Latency on Sep 26, 2014
"How much does latency impact IP cameras? We tested a number of combinations, like so: In this..."
Bandwidth Guide For Video Surveillance on Sep 11, 2014
"Bandwidth is one of the most fundamental, complex and overlooked aspects of video surveillance. ..."
License Plate Recognition (LPR) Axis App Tested on Sep 08, 2014
"License plate recognition (LPR) has historically been very expensive, requiring specialized hardw..."
IP Camera Firmware Upgrade Directory on Aug 28, 2014
"Updating firmware can be one of the most tedious tasks involved in any IP camera system. It is no..."
A Major Flaw in Long Lenses and PTZs Found on Aug 26, 2014
"Theoretically, long lenses should let you capture faces and license plates very far away. For ex..."
Camera Calculator Adds Personal Scenes on Aug 25, 2014
"By popular request, now you can visualize and optimize your own applications with your own images..."
Field of View (FoV) Tutorial on Aug 24, 2014
"Field of View, or FoV, is deceptively complex. At its most basic, it is simply what the camera ca..."
Why You Should Avoid 960H Cameras on Aug 20, 2014
"960H promises to increase analog resolution by 34%, transforming the traditional 4:3 aspect ratio..."
Testing IP Video - Super Low Bandwidth on Aug 08, 2014
"Even today, there are remote locations, especially in security applications, where extremely limi..."
Frame Rate Guide for Video Surveillance on Aug 07, 2014
"This is the industry's most in depth guide to frame rates in video surveillance. As a precursor,..."
Panasonic Series 6 IP Cameras Tested on Jul 21, 2014
"Can Panasonic make a comeback? One of the early entrants in IP cameras, Panasonic has been slipp..."
Summer 2014 IP Camera Course on Jul 10, 2014
"Registration is CLOSED. Next course will start in October. IPVM's industry leading IP camera cou..."
Testing the Smallest HD Cameras on Jul 09, 2014
"Miniature HD IP cameras are a growing trend. It started with cameras that had small 'heads' but l..."
IP Camera Statistics 2014 on Jul 07, 2014
"All IPVM members can download our new IP Camera Statistics 2014 report.  Here's what's in..."
PTZs Declining, Multiple Fixed MP Replacing on Jul 07, 2014
"New IPVM statistics show the rate of PTZ declines, where they are still being heavily used and wh..."
IP Camera Costs Comparison and Trends 2010 - 2014 on Jun 25, 2014
"Over the past 4 years, the average price of 100+ IP cameras surveyed has decreased ~25%, at an an..."
Bullet Camera Usage Statistics on Jun 20, 2014
"Bullet cameras seemingly came from nowhere. Only a few years ago, IP bullets were rare, with very..."
Testing Smoked vs Clear Domes on Jun 19, 2014
"The best way to conceal where a camera is pointed is to use a smoked dome. Here's an example of a..."
Panoramic Camera Use Rising on Jun 18, 2014
"Panoramic cameras have been around for more than a decade but only in the last 3 years has there ..."
Why Integrators Hate Cube Cameras on Jun 16, 2014
" Though cube cameras may be common in online retail stores, they are the least popular for profe..."
Box Camera Usage Statistics on Jun 12, 2014
"Box cameras are the 'original' surveillance form factor. But how are they doing today? Over the ..."
Integrated IR Camera Use Surging on Jun 10, 2014
"Not too long ago, integrated IR cameras were looked down upon. Like offering the Queen of England..."
Dahua Integrated IR PTZ Tested on Jun 04, 2014
"Integrated IR cameras are growing rapidly in popularity, as they help solve a key surveillance pr..."
Minidome vs Full Size Dome Stats on Jun 03, 2014
"Domes are the most popular overall type of surveillance camera but two main types of domes exist:..."
Varifocal vs Fixed Focal Lens on May 29, 2014
"Choosing between varifocal and fixed focal lens is one of the most fundamental decisions in video..."
Dome Camera Usage Statistics on May 27, 2014
"Dome cameras are popular. But how popular? IPVM has conducted a global survey of integrators to ..."
5MP Super Low Light Tested (Bosch) on May 27, 2014
"Low light performance remains the biggest showstopper for multi-megapixel cameras. Test after tes..."
Low Cost License Plate Capture Shootout on May 21, 2014
"License plate capture (LPC) is very popular as shown by our License Plate Capture Shootout 2..."
Hikvision IR Panoramic Camera Tested on May 14, 2014
"Low light has been one of panoramic cameras' biggest challenges, with most essentially useless in..."
Average IP Camera Costs on May 12, 2014
"This note, based on IPVM integrator surveys, reveals: The average price of IP cameras sold Th..."
Dome Camera Install Guide on May 09, 2014
"This guide explains the key tradeoffs, issues and options in installing dome surveillance cameras..."
IP Camera Sample Shots Directory on May 05, 2014
"16 total shots - 6 cameras, side by side, from 720p to 10MP, were recorded at 8 different sc..."
IP Camera Resolutions Most Commonly Used on May 01, 2014
"From 400TVL line analog cameras to 40MP IP ones, surveillance users have a vast range of options...."
Audio Surveillance Guide on Apr 30, 2014
" Audio for surveillance is a complex topic with a lot of confusion and poorly implemented system..."
License Plate Capture Shootout 2014 on Mar 10, 2014
"What should you be using to capture license plates consistently? We tested 3 major types of came..."
IP Camera Bandwidth / Storage Shootout on Mar 05, 2014
"Bandwidth consumption can vary tremendously, even with the same resolution, frame rate, compressi..."
Testing Honeywell HD WDR IP Camera on Feb 25, 2014
"Honeywell is a huge name, but not one well respected in video surveillance, unless you are an ala..."
IP Camera Manufacturer Compression Comparison on Feb 21, 2014
"Compression is very important. While resolution gets the attention, compression is critical and c..."
Favorite IP Camera Manufacturers 2014 on Feb 10, 2014
"With the worst manufacturers identified, we now turn to the favorite IP camera manufacturers of o..."
Worst IP Camera Manufacturer 2014 on Feb 03, 2014
"Can Arecont Vision defend its title? Or will an upstart dethrone them? Our 2011 Worst IP camera ..."
Testing the Lowest Cost HD PTZ on Jan 24, 2014
"The $68 SD PTZ we tested disappointed, due primarily to poor image quality and high bandwidth con..."
Ranking IP Camera Low Light Performance on Jan 20, 2014
"This first ever program rates and ranks IP camera low light performance, introducing LL-TVL count..."
Camera Slow Shutter / Ghosting Tested on Jan 17, 2014
"Wrong. Your first impression of an IP camera's performance in low light is frequently wrong. The..."
Trend: Day/Night Profiles for IP Cameras on Jan 09, 2014
"A rising trend in IP cameras is adding different profiles for day and night video. While most man..."
Testing $29 ONVIF IR IP Chinese Camera on Jan 08, 2014
"The #1 IP camera problem is cost, as unique IPVM survey results show. Rectifying that is critical..."
VMD Shootout II - Hikvision, Dahua, Samsung on Jan 06, 2014
"Our first VMD Camera Shootout included Avigilon, Axis, Bosch and Sony. Members enjoyed it and ask..."
Testing the Lowest Cost PTZ on Dec 23, 2013
"$68 for an IP PTZ? That's what the Foscam FI8910W goes for on Amazon where it is the #2 ove..."
Testing Autofocus Accuracy on Dec 17, 2013
"Integrators love autofocus. It takes the pain out of getting precise focus manually, especially ..."
Top Requested IP Camera Features on Dec 13, 2013
"Based on our reader statistics, surveys and requests, IPVM sees the top requested new / upcoming ..."
Testing The Real Resolution of MP Cameras on Dec 11, 2013
"Resolution has become ridiculous. IP cameras equate resolution with pixels, ignoring that pixels..."
Testing The Resolution of the Human Eye on Dec 04, 2013
"All sorts of wild guesses and theoretical calculations exist about what the resolution of the hum..."
Testing New Dropcam Pro Camera on Nov 25, 2013
"VSaaS, overall, has been a disaster with nearly every provider, including gorilla Axis, strugglin..."
10MP vs 5MP vs HD Shootout on Nov 20, 2013
"HD cameras are commonplace. Everyone offers 1080p. The big question now is how much better is 5MP..."
Is H.264 Lower Quality? on Nov 14, 2013
"Is H.264 lower quality? Even Avigilon now says no, but many still argue yes. One of These Image..."
Govt Tool Automates Surveillance Requirements on Nov 06, 2013
"What if an online tool could generate specific recommendations on meeting high quality surveillan..."
H.265 vs 4K Ultra HD - IP Camera Trends on Nov 03, 2013
"The next two upcoming trends in IP cameras are H.265 and 4K Ultra HD. The questions, then, become..."
Thermal Camera 'Color' / Palette Tutorial on Oct 31, 2013
"When many think of thermal cameras, they visualize their use in movies and TV, with a multi-color..."
Pixels Determine Potential, Not Quality on Oct 20, 2013
"The most damaging misconception in surveillance is that pixels = resolution = quality. In fact, p..."
New Full HD Height Strip Camera Reviewed on Oct 16, 2013
"Getting clear facial shots is often one of the most critical tasks in surveillance. Doing so is h..."
Brickcom Immervision Panomorph 360 Test on Oct 09, 2013
"Immervision was one of the earliest providers of 180 / 360 imaging in the surveillance market. Wi..."
Super Low Light vs Integrated IR Shootout on Oct 07, 2013
"Two of the biggest trends in IP cameras collide in this unique IPVM shootout. In the past few ye..."
5 Ways to Fix Bad Image Quality on Oct 06, 2013
"Bad surveillance images are, unfortunately, all too common. The most common 'solution' is to incr..."
Test: H.264 I vs P Frame Impact on Oct 02, 2013
"Codecs like H.264 reduce bandwidth by only sending full frames every so often, mixing them with p..."
Testing Camera Height vs Image Quality on Sep 27, 2013
"A critical debate amongst surveillance professionals is how high should cameras be mounted. The h..."
Top 5 IP Camera Mistakes on Sep 26, 2013
"IPVM trains professionals from all over the world. We have found 5 particular mistakes that are c..."
Failed! Lux Meter Apps on Sep 10, 2013
"Manufacturer illumination ratings cannot be trusted, so you should use a lux meter and test yours..."
The Search Engine For Hacking IP Cameras (Shodan) on Sep 10, 2013
"With the US FTC cracking down on an IP camera manufacturer for security / privacy violations, con..."
US Govt Punishes IP Camera Manufacturer on Sep 05, 2013
"IP camera manufacturer TRENDnet has settled with the FTC after the agency says the company’..."
Camera Color Fidelity Shootout on Sep 04, 2013
"The surveillance industry is obsessed with more and more pixels. But color fidelity - accurately ..."
IP Camera PoE Power Consumption Measurements on Sep 03, 2013
"How much power an IP camera consumes is quite important, especially since most PoE switches do no..."
CNB Company Shakeup on Aug 29, 2013
"Korean company, CNB, is one of the larger analog manufacturers specializing in OEMing to large We..."
Advanced VMD - Axis / Mobotix Tested on Aug 26, 2013
"Surveillance professionals prefer motion based recording over continuous but the main weakness of..."
Surveillance Camera Specification Guide on Aug 19, 2013
"Anyone reviewing RFPs knows there are countless common problems, with 'good' specs seemingly few ..."
Testing The Q-See HD IP NVR Kit on Aug 14, 2013
" The Q-See HD IP kit may be the hottest budget product around. At just $699 online for (4) 720p H..."
Cellular Trail Camera on Aug 12, 2013
"Often businesses or homeowners want to put remote cameras at a distance from their buildings, to ..."
Wide Angle vs 360 Panoramic Camera Tested on Jul 30, 2013
"When covering a wide area, you may want to choose between a wide angle 'traditional lens' and a 3..."
Use Google to Calculate Surveillance Storage on Jun 29, 2013
"Manufacturer calculators are a bad crutch that can increase mistakes. They attempt to make it eas..."
List of Lowest Cost Outdoor IP Cameras 2013 on Jun 20, 2013
"Recently, a member asked for the lowest cost outdoor IP cameras, observing accurately that the ra..."
Axis MP Pinhole Shootout on Jun 18, 2013
"For covert surveillance, pinhole lenses / cameras are a common choice because they can be hidden ..."
Testing Pelco Sarix IL10 on Jun 12, 2013
"Value / budget cameras are becoming increasingly important for even 'professional' oriented manuf..."
30 vs 60 FPS Shootout on May 21, 2013
"30 frames per second used to be the maximum practical limit for surveillance cameras. Now, it is ..."
#1 IP Camera Benefit on May 19, 2013
"Megapixel was, far and away, the number #1 cited benefit in going to IP cameras / video. We asked..."
Testing Panoramic Cameras Outdoors on May 12, 2013
"Outdoors, PTZs tend to be a favorite for covering large open areas but they only see whatever the..."
IPVM Camera Testing Procedures on May 08, 2013
"The foundation of IPVM's camera testing procedure is simultaneous, head to head comparisons, like..."
#1 IP Camera Problem on May 06, 2013
"Cost was, far and away, the number #1 cited problem in going to IP cameras / video. We asked over..."
Focusing Panoramic Cameras on May 05, 2013
"Focusing panoramic cameras is really important. Indeed, after testing 9 different panoramic camer..."
Automatic Location Based Camera Control on Apr 24, 2013
"This is a very neat idea; One that we have not seen any IP camera / VMS provider offer before. H..."
Panoramic Camera Shootout on Apr 21, 2013
"Panoramic cameras are one of the hottest growing markets within surveillance. The combination of ..."
The First Windows Based IP Camera - Genius or Crazy? on Mar 28, 2013
"[Update: this product won 'Best in Show' and we have added the rationale based on our interview w..."
Testing Axis Q19 Thermal Cameras on Mar 26, 2013
"Over the last few year, Axis has expanded into thermal cameras. While the company is well known a..."
Testing Pelco Sarix Thermal Cameras on Mar 12, 2013
"In this report, we share our test findings of Pelco's Sarix TI Thermal cameras. While relatively ..."
Choosing the Right Camera Type on Mar 01, 2013
"When selecting a camera, you can choose from a number of different form factors and options. Each..."
DRS Thermal Camera Tested on Feb 25, 2013
"Recently, DRS entered the IP thermal market with far lower pricing than any incumbent, aiming to ..."
Ban Resolution on Feb 18, 2013
"The word 'resolution' should be banned in surveillance. What all IP manufacturers mean when they ..."
Test Yourself - Camera Installation on Jan 31, 2013
"Installation quality is one of the most important aspects of a video surveillance system. Not onl..."
H.265 / HEVC Codec Tutorial on Jan 24, 2013
"It is quickly becoming the next big CODEC but: How big will it be? and When will it hit? For the ..."
WDR Shootout 2013 on Jan 22, 2013
"One of the most important surveillance camera differentiators is Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) perform..."
Lens Iris Tutorial on Jan 19, 2013
"Cameras, like humans, have irises. However, cameras have four types of iris options - fixed, manu..."
Panoramic Camera Guide on Jan 19, 2013
"Panoramic cameras are increasingly popular but they can suffer from confusion between the many ty..."
Testing Thermal Performance When Snowing on Jan 14, 2013
"Thermal cameras have long been marketed as able to "see" when traditional cameras cannot, whether..."
IP Camera Competitive Guide 2013 on Jan 13, 2013
"IP cameras remain the main growth and competitive driver within the surveillance industry. Indeed..."
Infrared IR Surveillance Tutorial on Jan 12, 2013
"Almost all surveillance cameras perform worse in low light than they do in the day time. One of t..."
WDR Tutorial on Jan 03, 2013
"WDR is one of the most important and highly differentiating capabilities of surveillance cameras,..."
Focal Lens Length Tutorial 2012 on Dec 18, 2012
"Camera specifications often list lens length: 3mm, 6mm, 2.8 - 9mm, etc. These metrics are importa..."
Resolution Tutorial on Dec 16, 2012
"Understanding video surveillance resolution is surprisingly difficult and complex. While the word..."
Thermal vs Day/Night Shootout on Nov 27, 2012
"What should you do for dark outdoor scenes? Thermal cameras are getting a lot less expensive. Con..."
Embed SD Cards inside IP Cameras? on Nov 15, 2012
"Would it be a good idea to embed SD cars inside IP cameras? With edge storage becoming a hot tren..."
CCTV Lens Finder App Tested on Nov 11, 2012
"Figuring out the right lens needed for a specific camera location can be difficult, especially if..."
Streaming / Recording Class on Nov 06, 2012
"Compression settings, choosing between CBR and VBR, analyzing video quality, and selecting motion..."
The Definitive Guide to PPF on Nov 04, 2012
"The most advanced yet most dangerous way to specify surveillance is pixels per foot (PPF, aka pix..."
CCTV Camera Clusters / Trees on Nov 01, 2012
"Are they a symbol of Big Brother, a good design practice or something in between? Here's a real w..."
Wearable Surveillance Disrupted? (Memoto) on Oct 29, 2012
"A Swedish manufacturer has taken aim at revolutionizing wearable cameras that could disrupt perso..."
Testing Lorex LNC on Oct 29, 2012
"Lorex has quietly become one of the biggest forces in the consumer / home surveillance market, on..."
PTZs vs 360 / Panoramics on Oct 28, 2012
"One of the toughest but most important emerging choices is when to use PTZs vs panoramic cameras...."
Documenting Camera Layout on Oct 22, 2012
"Documenting camera layouts can be important: Ensuring that you have a realistic field of view ..."
Axis vs Mobotix on Oct 21, 2012
"Axis and Mobotix are two of the biggest and oldest IP camera manufacturers yet their approaches a..."
4 Key Considerations for Camera Layouts on Oct 20, 2012
"Even once you know what you to monitor - the front door, the safe, the parking lot, etc. - how to..."
Depth of Field Tutorial on Oct 19, 2012
"Ignore depth of field concerns for 95%+ of surveillance applications, despite what you hear. Whil..."
F-Stop Tutorial on Oct 13, 2012
"To understand low light surveillance, appreciating the importance and role of the f-stop metric i..."
Focusing Tutorial on Oct 12, 2012
"This tutorial explains the fundamentals of focusing including: The two fundamental controls - ..."
Minidomes vs Full Size Dome Tradeoffs on Oct 08, 2012
"Not too long ago, dome cameras were huge, fitting a full-size box camera into a large protective ..."
How Far Can a PTZ See? on Sep 22, 2012
"Knowing how far a PTZ can see is a critical but tricky question for PTZ use. On the one hand, see..."
Deploying Cameras in Super Hot Environments on Sep 01, 2012
"High temperature locations are some of the most unforgiving for surveillance cameras. Dealing wit..."
Shutter Speed / Exposure Tutorial on Aug 01, 2012
"Surveillance users do not need to be photography experts but understanding the basics of shutter ..."
Day / Night Camera Tutorial on Jul 29, 2012
"Day / Night cameras are very popular but not often understood. In this tutorial, we explain what ..."
Most Fooled by Resolution Myth on Jul 22, 2012
"A common and important mistake confirmed: After years of manufacturer marketing that resolution e..."
Video Quality / Compression Tutorial on Jul 17, 2012
"While CODECs, like H.264 and MJPEG, get all the attention, a camera's 'quality' or compression se..."
Extreme Temperatures Tutorial on Jul 16, 2012
"Surveillance cameras are expected to work outdoors, ranging from deserts to monsoons to blizards...."
Average Camera Models Used Per Project on Jul 02, 2012
"Choosing the right camera model for the job can be challenging. In high camera count systems, num..."
How Many Camera Lines Do Integrators Carry? on Jun 27, 2012
"You have hundreds of camera manufacturers to pick from. Which one should you use? This is a tough..."
Day/Night vs IR Cameras on Jun 21, 2012
"When low light image quality is critical, Day/Night and IR cameras are two of the top choices. Bu..."
Dealing with PoE Only Cameras on Jun 06, 2012
"Increasingly, IP camera manufacturers are dropping low voltage support in favor of PoE power only..."
IP Video 101 Training on Jun 05, 2012
"This free, online course allows you to learn the basics of IP video in under 2 hours by watching ..."
IP Camera Setup Training on May 29, 2012
"Once you can connect to an IP camera, you need to set it up so that the camera can integrate with..."
IP Camera Bandwidth Training on May 27, 2012
"Understanding bandwidth is critical to using IP cameras. In this new training, we show how to mea..."
Testing Smartphones as Surveillance Cameras on May 24, 2012
"Using smartphones as surveillance cameras is one of the biggest trends in 2012, with multiple man..."
IP Camera PC Training on May 22, 2012
"Over and over, we are told that this is the most common and fundamental problem techs have gettin..."
Pan/Tilt Camera Selection Guide on May 10, 2012
"Multiple styles of PTZ are available, though little clear-cut guidance on which is best for a giv..."
Dealing with Low Light Problems on May 09, 2012
"Getting high quality images in low light is a common challenge. With the problem being so widespr..."
Aspect Ratio 16:9 vs 4:3 Shootout on May 03, 2012
"In the past few years, as HD swept into living rooms, people have moved from watching video on 4:..."
How Nighttime Video May Crash Your Network on May 02, 2012
"Nighttime video may crash your network. During the day, under ideal conditions, bandwidth remains..."
Outdoor Camera Temperature Impact Examined on May 01, 2012
"How often do integrators fight temperature extremes to keep cameras operating? In our latest Inte..."
IP Camera Networking Basics on Apr 29, 2012
"Getting started with IP cameras can be daunting for those without experience in computer networks..."
Reducing Bandwidth Through Privacy Masks? on Apr 23, 2012
"Reducing your surveillance bandwidth means lower storage costs and better remote monitoring. As s..."
Camera Installation Guide on Apr 17, 2012
"Camera installation is fundamental to the security industry, but in many cases, little thought is..."
Favorite Encoders on Apr 08, 2012
"Encoders play a secondary, but vital, role to IP cameras in surveillance systems, normally relega..."
Sens Up is For Suckers on Apr 07, 2012
"Run as fast and far as you can, if you are looking for a good low light camera and the manufactur..."
Selecting the Right Bit Rate for CBR Cameras on Mar 12, 2012
"Some of the most popular cameras on the market, like Panasonic and Sony, are especially tricky to..."
Beware of Cube Cameras on Mar 07, 2012
"Integrators may find the low price of cube cameras a tempting reason to propose them for surveill..."
H.264 Baseline vs Main Shootout (2012) on Feb 21, 2012
"While H.264 is often considered a single 'thing', many different 'types' of H.264 exist. These ty..."
How to Measure IR Illumination on Feb 15, 2012
"Using IR for night time surveillance is a popular choice. The added non visible light can improve..."
Q-Star Flashcam Examined on Feb 08, 2012
"Monitoring criminal hotspots, where graffiti, drug transactions, and dumping are taking place is ..."
UPS Deployment Statistics on Jan 23, 2012
"Providing backup power for equipment is generally accepted as best practice in surveillance syste..."
PTZ Usage Statistics 2012 on Jan 23, 2012
"How many PTZs are actually used? What's normal? These are especially interesting questions as mul..."
CBR vs VBR: Surveillance Streaming on Jan 17, 2012
"How you stream video has a major impact on quality and bandwidth. Typically, when people think st..."
Directory of Lens Tests on Jan 11, 2012
"This directory collects our lens test reports and related lens information. Lens Tests HD Lens ..."
IP Cameras Default Passwords Directory on Jan 05, 2012
"The following is an alphabetical list of IP camera manufacturers and their default usernames and ..."
Statistics: Is Megapixel Replacing PTZ Cameras? on Jan 02, 2012
"PTZ cameras have been a staple of the industry for years, often being installed as the only means..."
Directory of Camera Shootout Series on Dec 27, 2011
"The following directory lists all of our camera shootouts. These shootouts pit 4 - 8 different su..."
Varifocal vs. Fixed Lens Integrator Preference on Dec 26, 2011
"When selecting lenses for surveillance cameras, there are two fundamental options: varifocal and ..."
Displaying Real Time Stream Info on IP Cameras on Dec 14, 2011
"When troubleshooting or testing IP cameras, it is very useful to have clear and immediate visual ..."
Using Fiber Optics for Surveillance on Dec 07, 2011
"In using fiber for surveillance applications, there are typically two scenarios that users must a..."
IR Illuminator Deployment Statistics on Dec 04, 2011
"With the growing use of megapixel cameras and associated low light concerns, the use of IR illumi..."
Illuminar 1030nm 'Invisible' IR Illuminator on Nov 29, 2011
"Iluminar has announced a new IR illuminator for use in 'super' covert applications. Iluminar clai..."
Surveillance Recording Mode Statistics on Nov 28, 2011
"The question of what recording mode to use is an ongoing debate in the surveillance industry. Som..."
Auto Back Focus (ABF) Preference Statistics on Nov 26, 2011
"Auto back focus has become a more common feature in the past couple of years, with many, if not m..."
Testing Wide Vs Narrow Camera FoV on Nov 24, 2011
"Determining the correct Field of View (FoV) for each surveillance camera is one of the most impor..."
Pixord Panoramic Cameras Examined on Nov 15, 2011
"Low-cost IP camera provider Pixord has released two panoramic models targeting much lower price p..."
Worst IP Camera Manufacturers 2011 on Nov 15, 2011
"What IP camera manufacturers have integrators had the worst experiences with? Over the last month..."
Favorite IP Camera Manufacturers 2011 on Nov 13, 2011
"What IP camera manufacturers do integrators really like the best? Over the last month, we ran an ..."
Resolving IP Camera / VMS Time Sync Problems on Nov 07, 2011
"One issue which IP surveillance systems must address is syncing of time between cameras and the V..."
Pentax Plus Megapixel Lens Test on Nov 02, 2011
"Last month, we released the first ever Megapixel lens test where we did a shootout between 5 lead..."
Low Cost Professional IP Cameras Comparison on Oct 23, 2011
""Too expensive" is probably the most frequent complaint about IP cameras. While IP cameras have c..."
IP Camera Bootup Shootout 2011 on Oct 19, 2011
"IP cameras, like PCs, take some time to boot up. And just like PCs, the amount of time can vary g..."
Camera Install Issues - Plenum, UL and Conduit Connections on Oct 18, 2011
"While image quality and reliability get the lion's share of discussion when talking about IP came..."
IP Camera Buyer's Guide 2011 on Oct 05, 2011
"WARNING: This report is out of date and only left for historical purposes. See the 2014 IP Camera..."
HD Lens Shootout on Oct 02, 2011
"Conventional wisdom says that lenses make a big difference in image quality but the question rema..."
Motion Detection Performance Tested on Sep 05, 2011
"Motion detection is an important element of many, if not, most surveillance systems. It plays a c..."
Testing Bandwidth vs Frame Rate on Aug 30, 2011
"Frame rate selection has a major impact on bandwidth consumption for surveillance cameras. While ..."
SD vs. HD PTZ Shootout on Aug 20, 2011
"PTZs, like fixed cameras, are moving to megapixel. With PTZs, though, real questions remain about..."
The Truth About IR Lighting and Bandwidth on Aug 13, 2011
"One of the industry's top growing myths is that IR illumination massively reduces storage and ban..."
How to Specify a Preferred IP Camera on Aug 11, 2011
"Often users will find a camera that they trust and will prefer to get that camera rather than ris..."
Why The Market Has Already Tipped to IP on Aug 07, 2011
"One of the most heated video surveillance debates is when the market will 'tip' to IP cameras, ty..."
WDR Megapixel Camera Shootout on Jul 30, 2011
"Dealing with direct sunlight is one of video surveillance's toughest problems. Avoiding the sun i..."
Bandwidth vs. Image Quality Shootout on Jul 23, 2011
"When thinking about maximizing image quality, resolution is usually the first thing that comes to..."
Night Surveillance - White Light Illuminator Test on Jul 17, 2011
"Getting quality surveillance images at night can be quite a challenge. A number of techniques, wi..."
IP Camera Market Size and Growth Examined on Jul 04, 2011
"One of the most hotly debated topics is the size and growth of IP cameras - both because of futur..."
Optimized Camera Shootout on Jun 05, 2011
"If you optimize a camera's settings, how much can you improve its performance? An interesting and..."
The Indoor 7 Camera Shootout on May 28, 2011
"Indoors, surveillance cameras are used all over. Given the generally small areas monitored and th..."
License Plate Capture Tested on May 21, 2011
"Capturing license plates is one of the best ways to identify suspects and intruders. As such, it ..."
How to Handle Headlight Surveillance Problems on May 17, 2011
"Headlights are a painful problem for video surveillance. Figuring out how to overcome headli..."
Optimized Camera Shootout - Upcoming and Released on May 16, 2011
"The response to our camera shootout series has been phenomenal with more than 10,000 reads in the..."
Lens Selection Standards for Camera Testing on May 15, 2011
"With surveillance cameras, deciding what lenses to use for testing can be a difficult decision. W..."
Parking Garage Shootout on May 14, 2011
"Parking garages are a key area for using surveillance cameras. Thefts, assaults, vandalism and ac..."
Intersection Shootout on May 07, 2011
"Intersections are an important area for using surveillance cameras. Accidents, thefts and traffic..."
PTZ Versus Fixed MP Camera Shootout on Apr 30, 2011
"As megapixel surveillance cameras become mainstream, many have begun questioning the value of PTZ..."
Color Versus Day/Night Shootout on Apr 16, 2011
"Most people prefer color over black and white but when it gets dark out, almost all surveillance ..."
Analog vs HD Night Shootout on Mar 26, 2011
"The whole point of megapixel is better image quality but what if megapixel was actually worse tha..."
Texas Instrument's DM81xx Examined on Mar 21, 2011
"In this note, we examine the DM81xx, a new chipset and camera reference design from Texas Instrum..."
Specifying Surveillance Video Quality on Mar 19, 2011
"Ensuring high quality surveillance video can be difficult. The challenge starts with specifying w..."
SD is the New VHS Tape on Mar 03, 2011
"The rise of megapixel cameras is literally making Standard Definition cameras look bad. We see th..."
Comparing Surveillance IR Illuminators on Feb 27, 2011
"Video quality at night can be very poor. Even cameras that rate their minimum illumination as .1 ..."
Surveillance Camera RFP Template on Feb 19, 2011
"This report provides in-depth recommendations and a template for optimally specifying surveillanc..."
WDR Shootout 2011 on Feb 05, 2011
"One of surveillance's biggest challenges is bright sunlight, especially when that sunlight shines..."
Testing: P-Iris Lens Performance on Jan 30, 2011
"A new form of iris control, called P-Iris, is emerging as a challenger to manual and auto iris le..."
PoE vs Low Voltage Power Supplies Cost Compared on Jan 23, 2011
"In this note, we contrast the cost of powering cameras via Power over Ethernet vs a non-powered s..."
Testing Lorex's Home/Baby Monitor on Jan 18, 2011
"For home surveillance, you can get really fancy and expensive but how simple and cheap can you ge..."
IP vs Analog Debate Recorded Webinar on Dec 22, 2010
"On Dec 21st, we held a live 'IP vs Analog' Debate webinar. The full 60 minute webinar is embedded..."
Testing TRENDnet's IP Camera (TV-IP110) on Dec 20, 2010
"TRENDnet offers one of the most well known and least expensive IP cameras in the budget/home mark..."
Debating Axis's IP vs Analog Cost Comparison on Dec 14, 2010
"We disagree with Axis's claim that IP is lower cost than analog for 14 camera installations. We b..."
IP Camera Statistics 2011 on Dec 11, 2010
"In this report, we analyze trends, features and pricing for IP cameras. We achieved this by using..."
Are Your CCTV Cameras Broken? on Dec 01, 2010
"Broken cameras are some of the most common and, ironically, solvable problems in video surve..."
2010 IP Camera Sales Surge, 2011 Even Stronger on Nov 28, 2010
"2010 has been a landmark year for IP camera adoption, with surging sales and widespread mainstrea..."
Directory of Budget / Home / SMB IP Cameras on Aug 06, 2010
"We have completed a broad testing program of budget IP cameras for use in the home or SMB markets..."
Testing Lorex's IP Camera (LNE1001) on Aug 02, 2010
"Simplifying remote viewing is a key element in choosing and using IP cameras for home and small b..."
Budget IP Camera Competitive Comparison on Jul 30, 2010
"This report provides an extensive comparison of budget, home and SMB IP cameras. Inside the premi..."
H.264 vs MJPEG - Quality and Bandwidth Tested on Jul 28, 2010
"Encoding video optimally is critical for IP video surveillance systems. Should you choose H.264 o..."
Testing D-Link's IP Camera (DCS-920) on Jul 19, 2010
"D-Link is one of the most commonly selected IP cameras in the budget/home market. In this report,..."
Training: Frame Rates for IP Cameras on Apr 18, 2010
"This is the industry's most in depth guide to frame rates in video surveillance. As a precursor,..."
Training: Resolution of IP Cameras on Apr 17, 2010
"Increases in camera resolution are the most significant force improving the quality and usability..."
Training: PTZ Surveillance Camera Basics on Apr 14, 2010
"PTZ surveillance cameras remain a key tool for surveillance operators, routinely the cornerstone ..."
PPF Test - Getting High Quality Surveillance Video on Apr 04, 2010
"Megapixel cameras foster hope for much higher quality surveillance video but how much more and in..."
Testing Ikena's Video Enhancement Software on Mar 16, 2010
"Driven by Hollywood sensationalism, public interest and expectations for miraclous video surveill..."
Selectable Power over Ethernet Classes on Feb 09, 2010
"As cameras offer more options (storage, analytics, etc.), their power needs will certainly rise. ..."
Optimizing Bandwidth Consumption Through I Frame Settings on Feb 03, 2010
"A blog post from Genetec offers an interesting example of lower level IP camera optimizations tha..."
Top 5 Reasons Analog Cameras are Easier to Install than IP on Jan 15, 2010
"While IP has many advantages over analog, ease of installation is not one of them. IP cameras are..."
Anixter H.264 Performance Claims Examined on Dec 22, 2009
"Equipment distributor Anixter's deeply flawed H.264 study reveals key issue in the use and market..."
Normalize Exposure Settings for IP Camera Comparisons on Dec 22, 2009
"We recommend all surveillance camera comparisons be performed with normalized exposure settings t..."
How Exposure Impacts Low Light Video Surveillance on Dec 12, 2009
"Exposure, and the tricks manufacturers play with exposure, are key to accurately and fairly asses..."
Are 'Hot' IP Cameras a Problem? on Nov 09, 2009
"In our ongoing camera testing, many of the megapixel cameras get really hot, really fast. So hot,..."
The Risk of Skewed IP Camera Comparisons on Oct 11, 2009
"One of the most misleading and common problems in evaluating IP cameras is drawing comparisons to..."
Is Hacking IP Cameras A Major Risk? on Aug 02, 2009
"Fears are rising that IP cameras can and willl be hacked. At Defcon, a demonstration showed an IP..."
Detailed IP Camera Bandwidth Calculator on Jul 29, 2009
"In a July 2009 report about calculating video surveillance bandwidth, I mentioned that calculator..."
IP Camera 2009 Mid Year Review on Jul 26, 2009
"Megapixel was the most dominant trend in IP cameras over the first half of 2009. So dominant was ..."
Top 5 IP Camera Problems: 2009 on Jul 12, 2009
"In the last year, IP cameras have made great strides and while there are still important barriers..."
Challenges in Supporting 3rd Party IP Cameras on Jul 08, 2009
"A few people asked about the difficulties for adding VMS support for IP cameras. A key difficulty..."
Should You Buy IP Cameras Online? on Jul 05, 2009
"Buying video surveillance cameras on-line is a relatively new but growing trend. Traditionally, e..."
How Do You Solve the Problem of Bad Surveillance Video? on Jun 30, 2009
"One of the most frequent complaints by both industry outsiders and megapixel camera vendors is ho..."
Should You Use PTZ Cameras? on Jun 14, 2009
"Though popular, PTZ cameras often create a false sense of security. They make for great demonstra..."
How Well do IP Cameras Work in Low Light? on Jun 06, 2009
"IP cameras have a bad reputation of working poorly in low light conditions. It's part of a greate..."
Guidelines for Testing IP Cameras on May 25, 2009
"What is the best way to test an IP cameras? We have established guidelines for our tests. These g..."
Is SVC the Next Big CODEC? on May 23, 2009
"SVC, or Scalable Video Codec, can dynamically change the resolution and bit-rate of video streams..."
Challenges in Choosing Surveillance Cameras on May 10, 2009
"With hundreds of manufacturers to choose from and little comparative information available, choos..."
Is Bandwidth a Problem for IP Cameras? on Mar 21, 2009
"Integrators often cite bandwidth as a key concern for deploying IP cameras. Let's examine what th..."
Surveillance Camera Demo Directory (IP, MP, CCTV) on Mar 21, 2009
"This directory collects and presents webcasts from leading IP and Megapixel surveillance cameras...."
Are You Too Stupid to Buy IP Cameras? on Jan 12, 2009
"Why are 4 out of 5 of you still not choosing IP cameras? The IP video vendors keep trying to educ..."
Key Factors for High Quality Surveillance Video on Nov 23, 2008
"Getting high quality surveillance video can be challenging. Indeed, many reports or surveys indic..."
SVC - A Better H.264 Coming For Video Surveillance on Oct 01, 2008
"SVC will solve a key problem of H.264: While H.264 generates a fixed quality and sized video stre..."
Should You Use Auto-Tracking PTZs? on Sep 24, 2008
"Though available for many years, Auto-Tracking PTZs are generating renewed interest with Axis' re..."
How to Migrate from Analog to IP Cameras on Aug 22, 2008
"Migrating from analog to IP can be tricky, mainly because most everyone has existing infrastructu..."
IP vs CCTV on Jul 30, 2008
"An in-depth Q&A with industry leaders on IP vs CCTV has been published by Security Technology..."
Top 5 IP Camera Problems on Jul 25, 2008
"The overwhelming majority of people buying cameras today do not choose IP cameras. While most peo..."
Schneier Unfair to CCTV: Exploring CCTV Advantages on Jul 01, 2008
"While Bruce Schneier is a brilliant security thinker, I find his recent arguments against CCTV to..."
Introduction to Video CODECs : MJPEG, MPEG-4, H.264 on Jun 13, 2008
"CODECs are a critical element of choosing, designing and using video surveillance systems. CODECs..."
IP Camera Advantages and Disadvantages on May 13, 2008
"IP cameras have become accepted by the security industry. Yet most cameras are still analog and ..."