IP cameras are widely seen as the future of video surveillance. Unlike traditional analog security cameras that require a dedicated cable to connect the camera to video management systems, IP cameras can connect to standard computer networks, allowing dozens of IP cameras to be transmitted over the same cable to any location with Internet access and sufficient bandwidth. As of 2009, though widely promoted, only 1 out of every 5 buyers choose IP cameras. In the next 3 to 7 years, IP cameras are projected to be the dominant camera type selected. However, there are still key challenges for IP cameras and you must understand IP camera advantages and disadvantages before purchasing. If you do choose IP cameras and currently have analog cameras, you will need to determine how to migrate from analog to IP cameras (an often complex and costly process especially because there are no standards for IP cameras).
Most Recent Coverage on IP Cameras
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"Resolution has become ridiculous. IP cameras equate resolution with pixels, ignoring that pixels..."
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"Is H.264 lower quality? Even Avigilon now says no, but many still argue yes. One of These Image..."
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"Korean company, CNB, is one of the larger analog manufacturers specializing in OEMing to large We..."
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" The Q-See HD IP kit may be the hottest budget product around. At just $699 online for (4) 720p H..."
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"When covering a wide area, you may want to choose between a wide angle 'traditional lens' and a 3..."
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"Recently, a member asked for the lowest cost outdoor IP cameras, observing accurately that the ra..."
"For covert surveillance, pinhole lenses / cameras are a common choice because they can be hidden ..."
"Value / budget cameras are becoming increasingly important for even 'professional' oriented manuf..."
"30 frames per second used to be the maximum practical limit for surveillance cameras. Now, it is ..."
"Megapixel was, far and away, the number #1 cited benefit in going to IP cameras / video. We asked..."
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"Focusing panoramic cameras is really important. Indeed, after testing 9 different panoramic camer..."
"This is a very neat idea; One that we have not seen any IP camera / VMS provider offer before. H..."
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"[Update: this product won 'Best in Show' and we have added the rationale based on our interview w..."
"Over the last few year, Axis has expanded into thermal cameras. While the company is well known a..."
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"One of the most important surveillance camera differentiators is Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) perform..."
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"Lorex has quietly become one of the biggest forces in the consumer / home surveillance market, on..."
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"Documenting camera layouts can be important: Ensuring that you have a realistic field of view ..."
"Axis and Mobotix are two of the biggest and oldest IP camera manufacturers yet their approaches a..."
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"Using smartphones as surveillance cameras is one of the biggest trends in 2012, with multiple man..."
"Over and over, we are told that this is the most common and fundamental problem techs have gettin..."
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"Reducing your surveillance bandwidth means lower storage costs and better remote monitoring. As s..."
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"Encoders play a secondary, but vital, role to IP cameras in surveillance systems, normally relega..."
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"Providing backup power for equipment is generally accepted as best practice in surveillance syste..."
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"How you stream video has a major impact on quality and bandwidth. Typically, when people think st..."
"This directory collects our lens test reports and related lens information. Lens Tests HD Lens ..."
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"The following is an alphabetical list of IP camera manufacturers and their default usernames and ..."
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"The following directory lists all of our camera shootouts. These shootouts pit 4 - 8 different su..."
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"Iluminar has announced a new IR illuminator for use in 'super' covert applications. Iluminar clai..."
"The question of what recording mode to use is an ongoing debate in the surveillance industry. Som..."
"Auto back focus has become a more common feature in the past couple of years, with many, if not m..."
"Determining the correct Field of View (FoV) for each surveillance camera is one of the most impor..."
"Low-cost IP camera provider Pixord has released two panoramic models targeting much lower price p..."
"What IP camera manufacturers have integrators had the worst experiences with? Over the last month..."
"What IP camera manufacturers do integrators really like the best? Over the last month, we ran an ..."
"One issue which IP surveillance systems must address is syncing of time between cameras and the V..."
"Last month, we released the first ever Megapixel lens test where we did a shootout between 5 lead..."
""Too expensive" is probably the most frequent complaint about IP cameras. While IP cameras have c..."
"IP cameras, like PCs, take some time to boot up. And just like PCs, the amount of time can vary g..."
"While image quality and reliability get the lion's share of discussion when talking about IP came..."
"Before picking a specific camera or manufacturer, you should consider a few fundamental issues. T..."
"Conventional wisdom says that lenses make a big difference in image quality but the question rema..."
"Motion detection is an important element of many, if not, most surveillance systems. It plays a c..."
"Frame rate selection has a major impact on bandwidth consumption for surveillance cameras. While ..."
"PTZs, like fixed cameras, are moving to megapixel. With PTZs, though, real questions remain about..."
"One of the industry's top growing myths is that IR illumination massively reduces storage and ban..."
"Often users will find a camera that they trust and will prefer to get that camera rather than ris..."
"One of the most heated video surveillance debates is when the market will 'tip' to IP cameras, ty..."
"Dealing with direct sunlight is one of video surveillance's toughest problems. Avoiding the sun i..."
"When thinking about maximizing image quality, resolution is usually the first thing that comes to..."
"Getting quality surveillance images at night can be quite a challenge. A number of techniques, wi..."
"Gain control is a critical, though often overlooked, factor in low light surveillance video. It i..."
"One of the most hotly debated topics is the size and growth of IP cameras - both because of futur..."
"If you optimize a camera's settings, how much can you improve its performance? An interesting and..."
"Indoors, surveillance cameras are used all over. Given the generally small areas monitored and th..."
"Capturing license plates is one of the best ways to identify suspects and intruders. As such, it ..."
"Headlights are a painful problem for video surveillance. Figuring out how to overcome headli..."
"The response to our camera shootout series has been phenomenal with more than 10,000 reads in the..."
"With surveillance cameras, deciding what lenses to use for testing can be a difficult decision. W..."
"Parking garages are a key area for using surveillance cameras. Thefts, assaults, vandalism and ac..."
"Intersections are an important area for using surveillance cameras. Accidents, thefts and traffic..."
"As megapixel surveillance cameras become mainstream, many have begun questioning the value of PTZ..."
"Most people prefer color over black and white but when it gets dark out, almost all surveillance ..."
"The whole point of megapixel is better image quality but what if megapixel was actually worse tha..."
"In this note, we examine the DM81xx, a new chipset and camera reference design from Texas Instrum..."
"Ensuring high quality surveillance video can be difficult. The challenge starts with specifying w..."
"The rise of megapixel cameras is literally making Standard Definition cameras look bad. We see th..."
"Video quality at night can be very poor. Even cameras that rate their minimum illumination as .1 ..."
"This report provides in-depth recommendations and a template for optimally specifying surveillanc..."
"One of surveillance's biggest challenges is bright sunlight, especially when that sunlight shines..."
"A new form of iris control, called P-Iris, is emerging as a challenger to manual and auto iris le..."
"In this note, we contrast the cost of powering cameras via Power over Ethernet vs a non-powered s..."
"For home surveillance, you can get really fancy and expensive but how simple and cheap can you ge..."
"On Dec 21st, we held a live 'IP vs Analog' Debate webinar. The full 60 minute webinar is embedded..."
"TRENDnet offers one of the most well known and least expensive IP cameras in the budget/home mark..."
"We disagree with Axis's claim that IP is lower cost than analog for 14 camera installations. We b..."
"In this report, we analyze trends, features and pricing for IP cameras. We achieved this by using..."
"Broken cameras are some of the most common and, ironically, solvable problems in video surve..."
"2010 has been a landmark year for IP camera adoption, with surging sales and widespread mainstrea..."
"We have completed a broad testing program of budget IP cameras for use in the home or SMB markets..."
"Simplifying remote viewing is a key element in choosing and using IP cameras for home and small b..."
"This report provides an extensive comparison of budget, home and SMB IP cameras. Inside the premi..."
"Encoding video optimally is critical for IP video surveillance systems. Should you choose H.264 o..."
"D-Link is one of the most commonly selected IP cameras in the budget/home market. In this report,..."
"Selecting the 'right' frame rate is one of the most frequently discussed and debated aspects of v..."
"Increases in camera resolution are the most significant force improving the quality and usability..."
"PTZ surveillance cameras remain a key tool for surveillance operators, routinely the cornerstone ..."
"Megapixel cameras foster hope for much higher quality surveillance video but how much more and in..."
"Driven by Hollywood sensationalism, public interest and expectations for miraclous video surveill..."
"As cameras offer more options (storage, analytics, etc.), their power needs will certainly rise. ..."
"A blog post from Genetec offers an interesting example of lower level IP camera optimizations tha..."
"While IP has many advantages over analog, ease of installation is not one of them. IP cameras are..."
"Equipment distributor Anixter's deeply flawed H.264 study reveals key issue in the use and market..."
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"Exposure, and the tricks manufacturers play with exposure, are key to accurately and fairly asses..."
"In our ongoing camera testing, many of the megapixel cameras get really hot, really fast. So hot,..."
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"Fears are rising that IP cameras can and willl be hacked. At Defcon, a demonstration showed an IP..."
"In a July 2009 report about calculating video surveillance bandwidth, I mentioned that calculator..."
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"In the last year, IP cameras have made great strides and while there are still important barriers..."
"A few people asked about the difficulties for adding VMS support for IP cameras. A key difficulty..."
"Buying video surveillance cameras on-line is a relatively new but growing trend. Traditionally, e..."
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"Though popular, PTZ cameras often create a false sense of security. They make for great demonstra..."
"IP cameras have a bad reputation of working poorly in low light conditions. It's part of a greate..."
"What is the best way to test an IP cameras? We have established guidelines for our tests. These g..."
"SVC, or Scalable Video Codec, can dynamically change the resolution and bit-rate of video streams..."
"With hundreds of manufacturers to choose from and little comparative information available, choos..."
"Integrators often cite bandwidth as a key concern for deploying IP cameras. Let's examine what th..."
"This directory collects and presents webcasts from leading IP and Megapixel surveillance cameras...."
"Why are 4 out of 5 of you still not choosing IP cameras? The IP video vendors keep trying to educ..."
"Getting high quality surveillance video can be challenging. Indeed, many reports or surveys indic..."
"SVC will solve a key problem of H.264: While H.264 generates a fixed quality and sized video stre..."
"Though available for many years, Auto-Tracking PTZs are generating renewed interest with Axis' re..."
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"An in-depth Q&A with industry leaders on IP vs CCTV has been published by Security Technology..."
"The overwhelming majority of people buying cameras today do not choose IP cameras. While most peo..."
"While Bruce Schneier is a brilliant security thinker, I find his recent arguments against CCTV to..."
"CODECs are a critical element of choosing, designing and using video surveillance systems. CODECs..."
"IP cameras have become accepted by the security industry. Yet most cameras are still analog and ..."